Santa Maria da Feira

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Santa Maria da Feira
coat of arms map
Coat of arms of Santa Maria da Feira
Santa Maria da Feira (Portugal)
Santa Maria da Feira
Basic data
Region : Norte
Sub-region : Porto metropolitan area
District : Aveiro
Concelho : Santa Maria da Feira
Coordinates : 40 ° 56 ′  N , 8 ° 32 ′  W Coordinates: 40 ° 56 ′  N , 8 ° 32 ′  W
Residents: 12,496 (as of June 30, 2011)
Surface: 10.24 km² (as of January 1, 2010)
Population density : 1220 inhabitants per km²
Address of the municipal administration: Junta de Freguesia de Santa Maria da Feira
Rua Conde Fijó
4520-181 Santa Maria da Feira
Santa Maria da Feira district
flag map
Flag of Santa Maria da Feira Location of the Santa Maria da Feira district
Residents: 139,309 (as of June 30, 2011)
Surface: 215.87 km² (as of January 1, 2010)
Population density : 645 inhabitants per km²
Number of municipalities : 21st
Administration address: Câmara Municipal de Santa Maria da Feira
Praça da República
4524-909 Santa Maria da Feira
President of the Câmara Municipal: Dr. Emídio Sousa ( PSD )

Santa Maria da Feira is a city ( Cidade ) and a district ( concelho ) in Portugal with 12,496 inhabitants (as of June 30, 2011).


Finds and excavations, including tombs and ramparts ( Castros ), document the settlement of the area at least since the 5th century BC. It became part of the Roman province of Lusitania , the Roman roads from Porto to Viseu and from Lisbon to Braga ran through here. In the place later known as Civitas Sanctae Mariae, a fortress was built at the beginning of the 6th century. The market held here gained some importance, and as a result the place changed its name accordingly, from Terra de Santa Maria ( Portuguese for: floor of Saint Mary) since the 9th century, to Vila da Feira or even just Feira (Port. for: market), until finally today's Santa Maria da Feira (Port. for: Saint Mary of the market).

The place was officially documented for the first time as Terra de Santa Maria in 1117 in a deed of donation from Theresa of Castile , who lived in the local castle in 1120 . In 1472 King D.Afonso V created the title of Count (Port .: Conde ) of Feira, which was given to Rui Pereira (in 1700 the title died out with the last, childless Pereira).

In 1514 King Manuel I granted the Vila city ​​rights ( Foral ). Until 1985 the place was called Vila da Feira . Then it was raised from the status of a vila (small town) to a cidade (city) and received its current official name on the occasion, which was composed of previous historical names.

Culture and sights

The historic castle ( Castelo da Feira ) is well-preserved, especially since it was renovated in the 16th century . Other listed buildings are mansions , stone fountains, historical public buildings and sacred buildings , in particular the baroque church Igreja da Misericórdia de Santa Maria da Feira , built in the 16th century, with its stairs and the fountain.

The Termas de S.Jorge thermal baths in the municipality of São Jorge are another draw in the district.

Celebrations and festivals

The historic town center as a whole is a listed building. Every summer, the ten-day Viagem Mediaval is a varied medieval market . It is considered the largest of its kind in Portugal and attracts over 50,000 visitors to the city every day with its events, stands, guided tours and street performances. The Imaginarius - Festival Internacional de Teatro de Rua , an international street theater festival, also takes place in the historic city center in spring .

The place is particularly known for its Festa das Fogaceiras , which has been taking place on the city holiday, January 20th, for over 500 years. Their procession represents the climax, in which the sweet bread specialty of the place, the Fogaceiras da Feira , are carried through the place by girls on their heads in a procession . On several days before and after, there are Catholic masses, but also a variety of events and concerts of all musical styles.

Since 2004, the Festival de Gente Sentada (German: Festival of Seated People) has been a series of concerts of demanding music from areas such as jazz , new improvisation music , experimental pop music, etc. a. offered.

At Christmas time, the Terras dos Sonhos (Eng .: Places of Dreams), inspired by fairy tales and myths, offer a fantasy world for children. Located in the Quinta do Castelo park by the castle, there are accessible buildings and performances, and there is also a Santa's house where you can write and hand in your wish list.

Museums and cultural sites

The Europarque exhibition and congress center , with its various buildings and park, is also the venue for occasional film festivals, art exhibitions and other cultural events and exhibitions. The Europarque is also home to the Visionarium , which is considered the most modern science and technology museum in Portugal. Futuristic museum technology, exciting to entertaining experiments and a variety of interactive exhibits and exhibitions await visitors.

In the former Convento de Lóios monastery , the municipal museum ( Museu Municipal ) is housed, which shows archaeological finds as well as the history of the district and its customs.

The historical paper museum Museu do Papel Terras de Santa Maria brings visitors closer to the history of paper, for example through a collection of watermarks and a large number of historical exhibits, but also through the production of paper on site using historical machines, vats and other devices. It is housed in two old paper mills in the municipality of Paços de Brandão outside the city and was named Best Portuguese Museum by the Portuguese Museological Association APOM in 2011.


The football club from Santa Maria da Feira, CD Feirense , founded in 1918 , plays its home games in the Estádio Marcolino de Castro stadium . The sports club União Lamas , from the municipality of Santa Maria de Lamas, is particularly known for its football department, but also operates other sports, including u. a. Athletics, field hockey and swimming.


The circle

Santa Maria da Feira is the seat of a district of the same name. The neighboring areas are (starting clockwise in the north): Vila Nova de Gaia , Gondomar , Arouca , Oliveira de Azeméis , São João da Madeira , Ovar and Espinho .

With the regional reform in September 2013 , several municipalities were merged into new municipalities, so that the number of municipalities decreased from 31 to 21.

The following municipalities ( freguesias ) are in the Santa Maria da Feira district:

Santa Maria da Feira district
local community Population
Density of
population / km²
Argoncilhe 8,420 8.21 1,025 010901
Arrifana 6,551 5.29 1,237 010902
Caldas de São Jorge e Pigeiros 3,897 10.64 366 010932
Canedo, Vale e Vila Maior 9,455 43.70 216 010933
Escapães 3,309 4.30 769 010904
Fiães 7,991 6.38 1,253 010907
Fornos 3,397 3.14 1,083 010908
Lobão, Gião, Louredo e Guisande 9,860 23.58 418 010934
Lourosa 8,636 5.77 1,496 010913
Milheirós de Poiares 3,791 7.87 482 010914
Mozelos 7.142 5.81 1,229 010916
Nogueira da Regedoura 5,790 5.10 1,135 010917
Paços de Brandão 4,867 3.56 1,369 010919
Rio Meão 4,931 6.68 738 010921
Romariz 3,023 11.08 273 010922
Santa Maria da Feira, Travanca, Sanfins e Espargo 18,194 23.36 779 010935
Sanguedo 3,600 4.57 789 010924
Santa Maria de Lamas 5,073 3.75 1,351 010925
São João de Ver 10,579 15.37 688 010926
São Miguel do Souto e Mosteirô 6,734 13.80 488 010936
Sao Paio de Oleiros 4,069 3.91 1,042 010918
Santa Maria da Feira district 139,309 215.87 645 0109

Population development

Population in the Santa Maria da Feira district (1801–2011)
1801 1849 1900 1930 1960 1981 1991 2001 2011
27,851 37,823 44,596 52,679 83,483 109,531 118,641 135.964 139,393

Municipal holiday

  • January 20th

Town twinning


Santa Maria da Feira continues to be a center of the shoe industry in Portugal. However, in recent years, due to competition from the Far East, various well-known manufacturers such as Ecco or the German Rohde group, which was previously heavily involved here, have reduced or completely stopped their production in Santa Maria da Feira.

The Corticeira Amorim group of companies is one of the numerous companies located in the various industrial areas of the district municipalities , which is particularly known for its cork products.


Long-distance transport

With its station on the Linha-do-Vouga railway line, the city is connected to the country's rail network.

The city is located on the A1 motorway (also European route 1 here ), the most important connection in the Portuguese motorway network.

Santa Maria da Feira is integrated into the national long-distance bus network of Rede Expressos .


With the Transfeira , the city ​​administration offers a minibus line that runs every hour on weekdays from 8:10 am to 7:10 pm along the most important places in the city (business, administrative, school and health centers) every hour (lower frequencies on weekends). The ticket costs 1.50 and already includes one trip, each additional trip can be topped up for 0.50, with discounts and subscriptions available (topping up 10 trips, for example, costs 4.50 euros, as of February 2013).

In addition, five private companies operate numerous local and regional bus routes under municipal concessions. The main lines are run by the local Auto Viação Feirense , the Auto Viação do Souto and the Transdev .

sons and daughters of the town

Web links

Commons : Santa Maria da Feira  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. - indicator resident population by place of residence and sex; Decennial in the database of the Instituto Nacional de Estatística
  2. a b Overview of code assignments from Freguesias on
  3. - indicator resident population by place of residence and sex; Decennial in the database of the Instituto Nacional de Estatística
  4. ^ João Fonseca: Dicionário do Nome das Terras. 2nd edition, Casa das Letras, Cruz Quebrada 2007, page 108 ( ISBN 978-9724617305 )
  5. , accessed February 8, 2013
  6. , accessed on February 8, 2013
  7. , accessed on February 8, 2013
  8. , accessed February 8, 2013
  9. , accessed on February 8, 2013
  10. ^ Lydia Hohenberger, Jürgen Strohmaier: Portugal. 2nd edition, DuMont Reiseverlag, Ostfildern 2009, pp. 255f
  11. , accessed on February 8, 2013
  12. ^ Publication of the administrative reorganization in the Diário da República gazette of January 28, 2013, accessed on March 16, 2014
  13. , accessed February 8, 2013
  14. ^ Website of the Port. Foreign Trade Chamber Aicep , accessed on February 8, 2013
  15. , accessed on February 8, 2013
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