Calendar overview 270
|Aurelian becomes Emperor of the Roman Empire .|
|270 in other calendars|
|Buddhist calendar||813/814 (southern Buddhism); 812/813 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||49th (50th) cycle , year of the metal tiger庚寅 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Ox 己丑)|
|Greek calendar||1./2. Year of the 262nd Olympiad|
|Jewish calendar||4030/31 (2/3 September)|
|Roman calendar||from urbe condita MXXIII (1023)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 580/581 (New Year April); Syria: 581/582 (New Year October)|
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||326/327 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- Imperial crisis of the 3rd century : January: Just a few months after his significant victory over the Goths , in which he had saved the Roman Empire from an invasion by the 300,000-strong horde, Emperor Claudius Gothicus fell ill with the plague during a campaign against the Vandals . He dies that same month. On his deathbed he supposedly names the commander of the cavalry Aurelian as his successor. However, the Roman Senate names Claudius' brother Quintillus . Aurelian then names himself counter-emperor.
- April: Emperor Quintillus, who has holed up in Aquileia , succeeds in defeating the imperial troops under Aurelian. Quintillus dies in Aquileia under unknown circumstances. Aurelian then has himself confirmed as emperor by the Roman Senate. He later determined the day of Claudius' death to be the first day of his reign and thus represented Quintillus as the opposing emperor.
- The Romans give up the city of Traiectum, today's Utrecht , due to continued attacks by Teutons . Written evidence about the city does not appear again until around 500.
- After seven months of siege by the emperor of the Imperium Galliarum , the renegade city of Augustodunum Haeduorum (Autun) is stormed, looted and partially destroyed. Emperor Victorinus returns in triumph to his residence Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium .
- Three Kingdoms Era: Tufa Shujineng, ruler of the proto-Mongolian tribe of the Xianbei, begins an uprising against the rule of the Jin Dynasty in Qin Province . Several victories of the nomadic people over the Chinese troops prevent Emperor Jin Wudi from attacking rival Wu China as planned .
- According to traditional Japanese tradition, Ōjin is crowned emperor at the age of 70. Its existence is disputed among historians; his traditional life dates (* 200; † 310) are very likely wrong.
- Hormizd I. succeeds his father Shapur I on the throne as Shah of the Sassanid Empire (possibly not until 272).
Culture and religion
- The first public bakeries are opened in Rome .
- The Roman Senate decides to accept Claudius Gothicus into the heaven of gods.
- around 270: St. Nicholas of Myra , Bishop of Myra († around 350 )
- around 270: St. Spyridon , bishop of Cyprus († 350 )
- Claudius Gothicus , Roman Emperor (* around 214 )
- Jungcheon , king of Goguryeo (* 224 )
- Plotinus , Greek philosopher, is considered the founder of Neoplatonism (* 205 )
- Quintillus , Roman Emperor
- around 270: St. Abachum , Persian doctor and Christian martyr
- 270/ 272 : Shapur I. , King of Sassanidenreichs