Adamawa (State)

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Nigeria - Adamawa.svg
Basic data
Capital : Yola
biggest town: Jimeta
founded: 3rd February 1976
Governor : Bindo Jibrilla
ISO 3166-2 : NG-AD
Area : 36,917 km²
Rank in Nigeria: 8th
Residents : 4,248,400 (2016)
Population density : 115 inhabitants / km² (2016)
Rank in Nigeria: 24
Location of Adamawa in Nigeria

Adamawa is a federal state in the West African country of Nigeria with the capital Yola . The largest city is Jimeta with 248,166 inhabitants (2005). The name is derived from Modibo Adama , the founder of the Emirates Adamaua .


The state is located in the east of the country and borders the state of Borno to the north, the state of Gombe to the northwest , the state of Taraba to the southwest and Cameroon to the east . Across from Numan , the Gongola flows into the largest tributary of the Niger , the Benue .


The population predominantly speaks Adamawa Eastern languages (in the center and in the east) of the Adamawa Ubangi languages and Igbo (in the south) within the Niger-Congo languages , which are also spoken in neighboring Cameroon. English is also spoken as a lingua franca.


Adamawa used to be part of the Emirates Adamaua . The state was formed on February 3, 1976 under the name Gongola from part of the former state of North-Eastern. On August 27, 1991, it was renamed Adamawa.

List of governors and administrators


The state is divided into 21 Local Government Areas . These are: Demsa, Fufure, Ganye, Gayuk, Gombi, Grie, Hong, Jada, Larmurde, Madagali , Maiha, Mayo-Belwa, Michika, Mubi North, Mubi South, Numan, Shelleng, Song, Teungo, Yola North and Yola South .


The majority of the working population in Adamawa is employed in agriculture . The climatic and ecological conditions allow the cultivation of grain , cotton , peanuts , corn , yams , cassava , millet and rice . Fishing and livestock farming are also important industries .