City of Leverkusen
|Height :||around 122 m above sea level NN|
|Area :||7.96 km²|
|Residents :||6721 (Oct. 31, 2013)|
|Population density :||844 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||1st January 1975|
|Postal code :||51381|
|Area code :||02171|
Location of Bergisch Neukirchen in Leverkusen
Geography and location
Bergisch Neukirchen borders the city of Burscheid in the east, Quettingen and Lützenkirchen in the south, Opladen in the southwest and the Wupper and the city of Leichlingen in the north . The Bergisch Neukirchen district has an area of 796 hectares. Bergisch Neukirchen has a number of other grown villages, including Pattscheid , Biesenbach and Imbach .
Neukirchen was founded in the 9th or 10th century and the first church was built around 1150. Neukirchen was first mentioned in a document in 1223. Politically, the place belonged to the Miselohe office in the Duchy of Berg since 1360 .
In 1555 Neukirchen received its own court. On December 16, 1582, the place professed the Protestant faith. In 1600 the Neukirchen court was merged with the Schlebuscher court. The place was burned down in 1630 during the Thirty Years' War . This was followed by a second documented church building in 1704. In 1781 the church was demolished and the new building in the Bergisch Baroque style began. 1784 was the inauguration of the new, today's Protestant church .
From 1795 to 1807 Neukirchen was occupied by French troops. Until 1807 Neukirchen and Witzhelden were under a common Mairie . Subsequently, Neukirchen belonged to the canton of Opladen in the Düsseldorf arrondissement in the Rhin department. In 1815 the Rheinische Krautfabrik was founded ; in the same year the Rhineland and with it Neukirchen came to the Kingdom of Prussia . Initially the place belonged to the district of Opladen and since 1819 to the district of Solingen . In 1820, the municipality of Neukirchen was added to the division of the Witzhelden mayor to the Opladen mayor. In 1851 the separation from Opladen took place; Neukirchen became an independent municipality.
To avoid confusion in the future, Neukirchen was renamed Bergisch-Neukirchen . In 1909 the church tower was raised and an onion hood was put on. In 1910 the screw manufacturer Max Tillmanns founded "Tillmanns Park", which has been owned by the city since 1988.
In 1911 Albert Römer donated the war memorial for those who fell in the wars of unification in 1866 and 1870/71. The memorial was created according to a design by the Charlottenburg sculptor Arnold Künne and erected in front of the Protestant church.
In 1964 the name of the town Bergisch-Neukirchen was changed to Bergisch Neukirchen .
On March 16, 1960, the Catholic parish "Holy Three Kings of Bergisch Neukirchen" is established in the association of the parish Pattscheid, St. Engelbert. The new community consists of parts of the previous communities in Pattscheid, Lützenkirchen, Quettingen and Opladen. With effect from May 15, 1963, the rectorate is elevated to an independent rectorate parish. The first pastor was Arnold Zimmermann, who was also pastor in Pattscheid. Services initially took place in the hall of Tillmann's restaurant that was rented for this purpose. On June 6, 1971 the Catholic Church of the Three Wise Men was consecrated.
On January 1, 1975 Bergisch Neukirchen was incorporated into the city of Leverkusen together with Opladen and the Hitdorf district of Monheim. Since then, Bergisch Neukirchen has belonged to the Leverkusen district II.
From 1979 to 1984 the Protestant church and the tower were restored.
On May 31, 1992, the rail bus made its last run on the railway line. The line has been partially dismantled, but the former course can still be seen on the railway line. There are also old underpasses on the embankment. But the route has grown over a lot. According to a plan by the Association of Friends and Patrons of Balkantrasse e. V. a bicycle path is to be built on the Balkan Terrace. But the city of Leverkusen is not yet taking part in this construction project.
The project was subsequently completed. This was done privately financed and supported by the Association of Friends and Patrons of Balkantrasse Leverkusen e. V. The route was developed through donation campaigns and membership fees. Around 400,000 euros were raised. To this end, the development association committed itself to the city of Leverkusen for the maintenance and care of the entire property for the next 20 years.
On May 29, 2014, the Balkan Terrace was opened as a panorama bike path hiking trail. The Balkantrasse can thus be used as a cycle path from Leverkusen-Opladen to Remscheid-Lennep.
- December 1, 1900: 2,108
- December 31, 1990: 6,832
- December 31, 1995: 6,752
- December 31, 1996: 6,839
- December 31, 1997: 6,874
- December 31, 1998: 6,877
- December 31, 1999: 6,964
- December 31, 2000: 6,912
- December 31, 2001: 6,889
- December 31, 2002: 6,851
- December 31, 2003: 6,544
- December 31, 2005: 6,835
- December 31, 2006: 6,800
- December 31, 2007: 6,816
- December 31, 2010: 6,677
- Population: 6,675
Pastor of the Protestant parish
- 1590–1612 Johann Wolfstall (first Lutheran pastor)
- 1612–1648 Theodor Hartmann
- 1648–1678 Petrus Hartmann
- 1678–1718 Petrus Hartmann the Elder J.
- 1719–1729 Theodor Hartmann
- 1729–1773 Peter Christoph Scheibler
- 1773–1814 Peter Christoph Scheibler jr.
- 1816–1840 Johann FA Hundhausen
- 1840–1847 Wilhelm Kleinschmidt
- 1848–1888 Jean Trapp
- 1889–1928 Friedrich KCF Nölle
- 1928–1968 Erich von Dreusche
- 1968–1974 Dr. Günter Reese
- 1975–1986 Christoph Nicolai
- 1987-2013 Hans-Michael Bach
- The mayor of Bergisch Neukirchen
- 1858–1871 Robert Pilgram
- 1871–1878 Robert Halfmann
- 1878–1900 Friedrich Wilhelm Stutz
- 1900 Dr. Goetz (acting)
- 1900–1926 Ernst Schroeder
- 1926–1928 Richard Rohde
- 1928–1934 Karl Voos
- 1933–1934 Otto Förster
- 1934–1935 Erich Lindhorst
- 1935–1945 Ferdinand Hermanns
- 1945–1946 Franz-Josef Sontag
- 1946–1958 Wilhelm Hastrich
- 1952–1958 Max Schönenberg
- 1958–1961 Max Schönenberg
- 1961–1964 Wilhelm Hastrich
- 1964–1969 Max Schönenberg
- 1967–1969 Hans-Erwin Biermann
- 1969–1974 Erwin Jansen
Culture and leisure
Bergisch Neukirchen has a number of half-timbered houses, some of which are slated. The oldest half-timbered house in Leverkusen, dating from 1561, is in Bergisch Neukirchen. Some houses are from the 17th century.
State road 291, the former federal road 232, runs through the middle of Bergisch Neukirchen . It connects Opladen in the south-west and Burscheid in an easterly direction and can be reached from the federal highway 3 via the exit Opladen and from the federal highway 1 via the exit Burscheid. The state road 359 connects Bergisch Neukirchen with Leichlingen.
The bus routes 239, 240, 251, 253 and 258 connect Bergisch Neukirchen with Leverkusen Mitte, the Chempark , Hitdorf, Opladen, Burscheid, Hilgen and Leichlingen. The next train station is Opladen on the Cologne – Wuppertal line . Bergisch Neukirchen used to be on the Wuppertal-Oberbarmen-Opladen railway line .
- Municipal kindergarten
- Kindergarten Epiphany
- Protestant day care center
- Bergisch Neukirchen Community Primary School
- DRK senior meeting
Sons and daughters
- Bertram Pfeiffer (1797–1872), German politician and mayor of Essen
- Maximilian Friedrich Scheibler (1759–1840), German Evangelical Lutheran clergyman and author in Monschau
- Carl Albrecht Römer, appointed in 1912
- Hugo Broch (* 1922), German fighter pilot in World War II , lives in Bergisch Neukirchen
- Juliane Hund (1928–1999), European correspondence chess champion
- Gerhard Hund (* 1932), mathematician and computer scientist, lived in Bergisch Neukirchen from 1967 to 2007.
- Barbara Hund (* 1959), chess grandmaster
- Isabel Hund (* 1962), chess master
- Friedrich Pilgram (1819–1890), philosopher, theologian and publicist
- Population statistics on the website of the City of Leverkusen - as of October 31, 2013 ( memento of the original from November 10, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 7 kB)
- Chronicle of the Holy Three Kings . sankt-remigius.de. Retrieved June 3, 2012.
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 291 .
- Leverkusen's population development (unofficial). Online at www.leverkusen.com.
- Population development in the city of Leverkusen ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . Online at www.leverkusen.com (PDF; 53 kB), p. 2
- The denomination of the population in Leverkusen Bergisch Neukirchen population by denomination page 32 , accessed on November 14, 2019