City of Lüdenscheid
|Height :||337 m|
|Postal code :||58513|
|Area code :||02351|
Location of Eggenscheid in Lüdenscheid
Eggenscheid is the name of a district and belongs to the statistical district 16 ( Dickenberg / Eggenscheid) of the district town of Lüdenscheid in the western Sauerland , North Rhine-Westphalia . The district is located in a side valley of the Rahmedetal between the districts of Freisenberg and Dickenberg and the statistical district is in the north of the urban area of Lüdenscheid. Since 2010, the district of Dünnebrett to the west has also been included in the statistical district 16 (Dickenberg / Eggenscheid). The statistical district as a whole borders on Altena and Schalksmühle .
A Stone Age resting place was found in 1964 above Eggenscheid near the Römerweg. In 1966 a flint chip was recovered in Eggenscheid. This find may be related to the rest area at Römerweg.
In 1966 excavations revealed that iron smelting and forging began in Eggenscheid between the 8th and 10th centuries. The excavation director, Dr. Manfred Sönnecken comes to the conclusion that based on the excavation finds, it can be concluded that there is a neighboring settlement. It is possible that the origins of the Eggenscheider Oberhof lie in the Frankish-Saxon wars under Charlemagne. It was customary to build fortified defense yards in the Saxon area to secure the Frankish conquests. This original seat was probably one of the predecessors of today's “castle”, the tallest building in the town. In addition to the archaeological finds, the name "Im Born", which is the Franconian name for spring or well, also points to an early medieval settlement at the time of the Carolingians. The street “Im Born” is located south of the town center and there was a grain mill, which until the 18th century had a compulsory meal for the farms subordinate to the Oberhof.
In the Middle Ages, Eggenscheid was the seat of an aristocratic family who were subordinate to the Counts of the Mark until the 15th century. This aristocratic seat was in foreign hands as early as 1419. Gottschalck v. Rummenohl owned it as a fiefdom from Gerhard von der Mark. Then different owners followed.
In the 17th century, the Oberhof was the richest court in the Lüdenscheid parish. This emerges from a process before the Reich Chamber of Commerce in Speyer, whose document has been preserved in the Münster State Archives. At the end of the Thirty Years' War in 1648 , the farm was valued at 4,568 thalers and thus had the highest estimated value in the parish. In 1705 Eggenscheid was still one of the richest farms in the parish of Lüdenscheid.
Associated farm buildings On the grounds of the farm there was a mass smelter (iron works with water drive) in operation from the 14th to the 16th century. The location of this mass hut could be localized in 1982, it was on the Eggenscheider Bach parallel to the brook (corridor 1, parcel 407, edge zone 409). Extensive archaeological finds were recovered, which could be used for dating. The ore required for this was extracted from a neighboring mine to the south, the mouth of which, however, is buried today. In the 18th century, an Osemundhammer obviously belonged to the farm, the location of which is not localized, but which was possibly on the Borner Bach. In 1670 Jobst zu Egeschede was the owner. After the destruction in the 30 Years War, the hammer was rebuilt. This is supported by the existence of the nearby lime kilns since 1770 on the “Kalkofenweg”, because the lime produced here was required as an additive for iron production. Lime distillery was widespread in the Rahmedetal. These lime kilns were in Eggenscheid until the 1950s. There was also a grain mill in the valley. In the 18th century they had to cede their rights to the royal forced mill in Mühlenrahmede because of the low level of compulsory grinding.
In the parish of Lüdenscheid there used to be two chapels outside the city walls. One of them was the chapel in Eggenscheid, in which, however, the sermon was only given once a year on a Sunday around the time of the feast of Peter and Paul. The Eggenscheid farm was responsible for maintaining this chapel. According to AD Rahmede, this chapel is said to have been demolished shortly after the Reformation. According to Johann Diedrich von Steinen , however, this chapel still existed in 1755. When the chapel was demolished is unknown. According to tradition, it should have stood in the "Busket", southwest of the courtyard. At the presumed location, a hand-worked floor slab that has been preserved in fragments was found, which could possibly belong to the chapel. Others suspect that it stood where what is now known as the “New House” is. Archaeological finds confirming either of these two locations have not yet been made.
Only two buildings remain from the medieval Oberhof Eggenscheid. The main building, today's "castle", only has medieval foundations, especially Gothic cellar vaults. The reason for this lies in several fires in the building. B. this main building around 1900. The building is therefore no longer recorded on a cadastral map from 1900. The other remaining building is the former farm building of the courtyard, which was dendrochronologically dated to the year of construction 1448 AD. It is a so-called 4-frame hall house with external walls made of quarry stone. However, this building was also robbed of its original, medieval character through numerous subsequent modifications and additions. There is also a late Gothic vaulted cellar here. In the immediate vicinity in front of this building there is still a medieval well with dry brickwork in the upper third, which measures a depth of 7.50 meters.
In the last ten years there have been intensive considerations as to whether a new residential area should be built in Eggenscheid. Since 2008, the new building project has been relatively quiet.
From a tourist point of view, Eggenscheid is located in mixed forests in the Sauerland, which are ideal for hiking, jogging and walking.
Sport and culture
The sports club TuRa Eggenscheid 1911 eV, which is very active for around 350 residents and looks back on almost a hundred years of club history, is remarkable. The tennis department, which was founded in 1979 and now plays on six fields, is particularly worth mentioning. At the moment the club with its more than 800 members focuses on the following departments: gymnastics, soccer, marching band, athletics, tennis and badminton.
Until the 1960s, the Machelett restaurant with a hall in the center of the village was a cultural meeting point for many clubs and a lively social life. The handball players of TuRa Eggenscheid still played their handball games on the nearby Kaukenberg sports field. When the construction of Autobahn 45 was planned and implemented in the 1960s, sports activities at the popular square had to be stopped because the Autobahn route unfortunately took up precisely this area. Up the valley, where the Borner or, as it is called today, Eggenscheider Bach originates and where the Römerweg dwarf school was once located, there used to be only a farm. Today it is surrounded by industrial buildings.
Important bus stops in the district are: “Schnarüm”, “Industriegebiet Nord”, “Hoher Hagen”, “Römerweg” and “Oberrahmede Sparkasse”.
The city Lüdenscheid heard the traffic community Ruhr lip , whose fare as well in the buses of the Mark Brandenburg Transport Company (MVG) and those of the bus Ruhr-Sieg (BRS) and in the trains of the railway Volmetal applies.
The central thoroughfare in the Wiesental begins at Altenaer Strasse and ends at Heedfelder Strasse . The streets Im Born , Kalkofenweg , Burgweg and Eggenpfad branch off directly from the through road Im Wiesental .
The connection to the federal motorway network is via the nearby exit no.13 Lüdenscheid-Nord of the A 45 . This leads north to Hagen and Dortmund and south to Siegen , Wetzlar and Gießen . Alternative connection points are exits No. 14 Lüdenscheid and No. 15 Lüdenscheid-Süd of the A 45. The two federal highways B 54 and B 229 are also near Eggenscheid and can be easily reached within a few minutes by car. Parking spaces within Eggenscheid ensure that drivers can park there.
- Chapter 02 Population Statistical Yearbook of the City of Lüdenscheid The information in the infobox relates to the statistical district 16 (Dickenberg / Eggenscheid)
- Home chronicle of the Lüdenscheid district, Cologne 1971, p. 15
- Home chronicle of the Lüdenscheid district, Cologne 1971, p. 37f.
- Sönnecken, Manfred: The medieval racing fire smelting in the Sauerland in the Mark region, Münster 1971, p. 24
- Sauerländer, Wilhelm: Der Hof zu Eggenscheid and the Reich Chamber of Commerce, in: Der Märker, 1967, No. 2, p. 37 ff.
- Home chronicle of the Lüdenscheid district, Cologne 1971, p. 108
- Münster State Archives: Reich Chamber of Commerce L, No. 873
- Willy Timm: Cadastre of contribunal goods in the county of Mark 1705, Münster 1980, pp. 216–225
- Beyer, Frank: Eggenscheid: Massenhütte from the 14th-16th centuries Century, in: De Rammuthe, April 2004, pp. 11–12., See also: Jacob Fischer's listing “alle guder kirspels Leudenscheidt” from 1652, where this hut is listed as already derelict
- Sönnecken, M .: ibid, p. 24
- Rahmede, AD: History of the old goods in the former parish of Lüdenscheid, p. 93
- ADRahmede: History of Rahmedetals, 1967
- Johann Diedrich von Steinen, Westphälische Geschichte, second part, reprint Münster 1963, p. 97
- Rahmede, AD: Contributions to the history of the old farms in the old parish of Lüdenscheid, in: Stadtarchiv Lüdenscheid - Collection - 1978.223
- Johann Diedrich von Steinen, Westphälische Geschichte, second part, reprint Münster 1963, p. 97
- Wilhelm Sauerländer: Church and school history of the city and the parish of Lüdenscheid from the beginnings to 1800, Lüdenscheid 1953, p. 75
- Article from the Westfälische Rundschau from May 2, 2008: "New land use plan - does the building block really stay green?"