Gerhard Rohlfs High School

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Gerhard Rohlfs High School
type of school District school of lower secondary level as a partially integrated all-day school
founding 1869/1977

Kirchheide 9

place Bremen - Vegesack
country Bremen
Country Germany
Coordinates 53 ° 10 '23 "  N , 8 ° 37' 16"  E Coordinates: 53 ° 10 '23 "  N , 8 ° 37' 16"  E
student 565 students in 27 classes (as of 2011)
Teachers 52 teachers (including part-time) (as of 2011)
management Kathrin Borges-Postulka

The Gerhard-Rohlfs-Oberschule is a high school in Bremen as a district school of the secondary level I and partially bound all - day school in Bremen - Vegesack . From 1957 to 1976 the school was a grammar school, the Gerhard Rohlfs grammar school , then the Gerhard Rohlfs school center for lower secondary education, and since 2010 it has been the Gerhard Rohlfs secondary school. The Gerhard-Rohlfs-Gymnasium has been continued as Vegesack Gymnasium in the neighboring Kerschensteinerstraße 2 with around 1000 students since 1993 .

School description

The Gerhard-Rohlfs-Oberschule is a secondary school as a partial, all - day school of secondary level I from year 5 to 10, with a differentiation in the subjects German, English, mathematics and natural sciences as qualification offers for high-learning students and with additional support offers for low-learning students.

The Oberschule sees itself as a MINT school under construction with special school offers and working groups for mathematics, computer science, natural sciences and technology (MINT). There are robotics courses in cooperation with the University of Bremen . In the compulsory elective area, Spanish and French are taught as second foreign languages.

A special focus of the extracurricular offers is career orientation through job-oriented company and social internships, workshop and practical phases in the neighboring vocational schools. In addition, the establishment of a technical college and a vocational high school is planned in conjunction with the Vegesack school center .

The all-day operation of the secondary school is carried out by social pedagogues and fee-based workers. The old school buildings on Breiten Straße and Kirchheide were therefore extensively renovated and converted into vintage houses. The new cafeteria, a small playing field and a playground with adventure play equipment were housed in the building of the former Kirchheide grammar school.

The school has had its own small observatory since 1937 . After the school's own telescope was stolen, the observatory was equipped with a small loaner telescope in 2004 . In 2004/05, a school's own telescope with a 280 mm opening and computer-controlled tracking was installed. There is a circle of friends of the observatory in order to create publicity. The observatory was expanded in 2011 to include a weather station. The data collected every hour up to now are available in the school's own computer network.

A music theater project has been taking place at the secondary school since 2010. Based on Venezuela's choral pedagogy model, under the pedagogical direction of Dorothee Daus-Kohlhas from the Musikforum der Hochschule Bremen , singers from the EuropaChorAkademie work on choral theater projects with the students.


The school was named in 1938 after the Vegesack African explorer Gerhard Rohlfs (1831-1896). Rohlfs became famous for his captivating travelogues. He is considered one of the most important German travelers to Africa.

The memory of the Africa explorer is kept alive in the Gerhard Rohlfs room of Schönebeck Castle , local history museum for Vegesack.


School before founding

Vegesack, which was elevated to a patch in 1794, experienced an economic boom with the expansion of the ports. In terms of school, the place was still supplied by the churches in the neighboring parishes of Lesum and Blumenthal . In 1823 the larger Reformed and the smaller Lutheran church school became an evangelical uniate church school. In 1827 it was possible to start teaching in an additional Latin school as a higher school class, still called class for language teaching , at the then two-class elementary school on today's Jaburgstraße in a very modest framework . In 1829 the new school building was built on the corner of Breite Strasse and Oststrasse (today Kirchheide). By 1840, 11 to 26 students were taught by one teacher. Many students left school after their confirmation to learn practical professions. After 1840, however, an increasing number of students continued their schooling in the now two-class school at the grammar school in Bremen . Around 1858 the church school developed into a higher middle school with four to five classes and with a headmaster and four teachers, two of whom had a university education . In 1863 the elementary school was separated from the citizen school. The head of the community school had been Dr. Röttger, who planned a school reform and the expansion of the school with a Bremen school commission.

School establishment

On April 5, 1869, the conversion and thus the establishment of the Second Order Secondary School took place under the leadership of Röttger after a ceremonial opening by Senator Hermann Albert Schumacher . With that, Vegesack had its first high school. The school with director Dr. Ebeling and eight teachers initially had 126, then around 150 students and had been teaching Latin since 1869. Ebeling operated the expansion of the school until 1899. Since 1874, the expansion into a secondary school of the first order took place , as the Reich Chancellery decreed retrospectively in 1876 . This enabled the school to hold matriculation examinations, which opened up the possibility of entering the higher service, becoming an officer, attending a technical college and studying modern languages, mathematics and natural sciences. In 1882 the school was named Realgymnasium zu Vegesack . In 1892 it had 135 students in nine classes from Septima (pre-class) to Prima. In 1888 a drawing room and a gymnasium were added, which were renovated in 1907, and an auditorium was built in 1904.

1899 to 1918

In 1899 Vollert took over the management of the school and introduced the Frankfurt curriculum as a reform in 1902 , with French as the first foreign language from sixths , Latin from quarters and English from upper secondary school. Gymnastic and hiking trips as well as the school choir were further innovations. Director Nagel followed in 1905. The number of pupils grew from around 140 to 150 at the turn of the century to 270 to 292 around 1913, only to drop to 220 at the end of the First World War . The Wiking school rowing club was founded in 1906, and festival visits supplemented the cultural program. In 1907 the first female student was admitted to the upper classes as an intern. This was followed by more students from a secondary school for girls (Lyceum in 1913), and in 1915/16 there were already nine. During the war, lower hours had to be accepted, harvest work had to be carried out, and teachers and students were drafted as soldiers. In 1916 the 200th high school graduate was able to leave school.

1918 to 1945

In 1919 the school celebrated its 50th anniversary and the Association of Former Real Gymnasts at Vegesack was founded. In 1919/20 the number of pupils was 244 and fell to 192 because of the higher school fees of 600 and 1000 marks respectively. There were 220 to 230 students in the late 1920s who were taught by 12 teachers. In 1929 there were nine students at the school. The Realgymnasium and the Vegesack Lyceum acquired the Badenstedt school camp near Zeven around 1932 . The school building was increased by one floor in 1937/38. The higher schools in Germany were uniformly named Oberschulen from 1937. In 1938, the secondary schools in Bremen were given a name that was acceptable to the Nazi regime . This school became the Gerhard Rohlfs School, a high school for boys . The natural science area was expanded during this time. In 1939 there were 17 teachers at the school.

During the Second World War the school faced many difficulties. Schoolchildren in the upper classes increasingly completed their secondary school exams in order to become soldiers. Instead of teaching, pupils had to do auxiliary services for the Hitler Youth (HJ) and during harvest work and guard and messenger services for the police and the party and for the Wehrmacht as HJ naval and flak helpers . In 1943, 7 teachers and 133 younger students were evacuated to Hofgeismar near Kassel by the end of 1944 . Substantial classes were canceled and the exams were "made as simple as possible".

1945 to 1976/77

After the end of the war, the school building was a German reserve hospital until June 1945, then the American Slaughter Memorial School . It was not until early 1946 that the American military government approved this school . Lessons could only be started under very difficult conditions, above all there was a lack of educators who either died in the war or were dismissed by the American military government after the war because of their Nazi past. There was a lack of suitable new textbooks, but also of writing materials. The American military government set up a school lunch in 1946 .

Gerhard Rohlfs School

At the end of 1945 Wilhelm Dening became the headmaster and he rebuilt the regular school operations. He promoted student participation and the publication of the school newspaper Das Echo . With the school reform of 1949, the six-year elementary school was introduced in Bremen . The secondary schools from Grade 7, now called Oberschule Zweig D , were divided into four subject areas. The Gerhard Rohlfs School traditionally set up the modern language and the mathematical-scientific branch, the “fork” of which took place from the 11th grade. According to the school senator's instructions, lessons in the 13th grade should be more relaxed with elective options. For the 11th to 13th grade, voluntary study groups have also been set up for scientific, musical and sporting areas, but also for choirs, amateur plays and photography, among other things. The exemption from school fees and learning materials was introduced in Bremen. An annual school fee of 240 marks only had to pay foreign students.

In 1949 there were 505 students in 16 classes and 24 teachers at the school. The number of students then fell slightly, but rose again to 540 in 1955. The shortage of space became increasingly greater and “hiking classes” had to be set up. School and sports festivals were popular among the students. In 1953 the school became a handball school master and won athletic disciplines. Poetry readings, amateur plays, student exchanges, study trips or lecture events were part of the school program. Student exchanges, particularly with France, increased in the 1960s. Goals were u. a. Neufchâteau in the Vosges and Le Havre since 1963 .

Gerhard Rohlfs High School

In 1956 it was decided to introduce co-education , the joint school attendance of boys and girls, and it was introduced from 1957. From 1957 the school was called Gerhard-Rohlfs-Gymnasium . After the reintroduction of the four-year elementary school in Bremen, the transition from both the fourth and sixth grade was now possible. In 1957/58 there were 650 students in 22 classes at the school and in 1958/59 there were already 749 students in 25 classes, 113 of them girls.

The school newspaper Das Echo

The school newspaper “Das Echo” was first published on October 20, 1949. The “monthly newspaper of the Gerhard-Rohlfs-Schule” was founded in the former NSDAP stronghold of Bremen-Vegesack to serve as a discussion forum for the integration of students who had socialized during the Nazi era to promote post-war society.

“After the hopeless war we all have to plan a new life together, and if the boys want to know how they are to build their life together, then they have to talk about it. [...] to be able to write down once and say what is on your mind without fear of red ink and grades, that should be fine! This is the purpose of our 'Forum' […] the students of the present day […]. [...] Here is the first number! Vivant Sequentes! ““

- Director of GRS, Head of Studies Dr Wilhelm Dening : Das Echo, Issue 1, October 20, 1949

The editorial staff consisted of students and an advisory teacher and changed irregularly every few years. The paper was printed with an edition of around 1000 copies in the Friedrich Pörtner printing and publishing house in Bremen-Blumenthal (which had also printed Nazi newspapers). It was financed through advertisements from the local business community (including the Bundeswehr, Grohn location), through subscriptions and over-the-counter sales. Some explosive articles were published in "Echo", including a. a disclosure report from the SED newspaper "Neues Deutschland" about the local Nazi entrepreneur Walter Caspar Többens (probably around 1955), a report about students in the USA who called for blood donations for the civilian population of North Vietnam (1965, XVI (5), December edition p. 31), the article “God is dead” (1966, XVII (2) June edition) and the reply “Is God dead?” (1966, XVII (3) September edition), an interview with Pastor Martin D. Niemöller (1967, XVIII (2) May / June edition, page 3), an advertisement by the advice center for conscientious objectors (1967, XVIII (1) March edition, p. 5), a contribution by Claus v. Eitzen: “Refuses to do military service!” (1969, XX (2), June edition, p. 5). In addition, u. a. by the pupil Peter Hombeck (Kultur-Redaktion), writers who were invited by the then director Johannes Schütze to readings at the Gerhard-Rohlfs-Gymnasium, including Uwe Johnson, Siegfried Lenz, Golo Mann, Günther Eich, Ilse Aichinger, Günter Grass and Wolfdietrich Schnurre. Hombeck and other students conducted interviews, including a. with Wolfgang Hildesheimer on the occasion of the acceptance of the Bremen Literature Prize 1966 (1966, XVII (1), March edition, p. 5,6). When the editors were exposed to censorship measures on the part of the school administration as part of the 1968 movement and the Bremen tram riots in 1967–1969 (1969, XX (2), June edition), the pupils' interest as editor and reader of “Echo “Back on the sheet; in Bremen and elsewhere, pupils founded independent school newspapers. "The Echo" was discontinued soon after. Numerous students took part in the founding of the Independent Student Union Bremen (USB) and the political protest movements.

Student Film Guild

The student film guild was founded in 1957. It joined the “Working Group of German Youth Film Clubs and Groups” based in Aachen (Das Echo 1965, XVI (1) March issue). Every second Wednesday afternoon, 16 mm feature films were shown in the auditorium, in different programs for the middle and upper grades, which had to be subscribed for for 4 to 5 DM. In 1965 the student film guild had 460 members: 220 middle school students (7th – 10th grade) and 240 upper school students (11th – 13th grade) out of a total of approx. 1,300 students. Films such as: “ Captain von Köpenick ”, “ When the Cranes Pull ”, “ The Bridge ”, “ Wild Strawberries ”, “ Monsieur Hulot's Holidays ”, “ Mon Oncle ”, “ Roses for the Public Prosecutor ”, “ It happened in broad daylight ”,“ The cabinet of Dr. Caligari ”,“ Because they don't know what they are doing ”,“ Hiroshima mon amour ”,“ Bitter honey ”.

School choir

The school choir, Vegesack Youth Choir , conducted by Ernst Meißner, enjoyed great popularity, recorded records and gave concerts in Copenhagen , Llangollen ( Wales ), Berlin and Bonn, among others . In 1958 he participated in the premiere of the Hindemith opera Die Harmonie der Welt in Bremen in the presence of Paul Hindemith and gave guest concerts with other European school choirs in Bremen. To their own regret, small student bands (skiffle groups) such as the "Beachcombers" did not achieve such fame.


In 1956 the school was to be rebuilt, which was then not realized. Rather, in addition to the main building on Breiten Straße, an elementary school building that became vacant with the new school building on Kerschensteiner Straße was used as an "auxiliary building" in part by the Gerhard-Rohlfs-Gymnasium, since 1959/60 with ten classrooms. In 1958/60 there was still insufficient space for 830 students, and hiking classes and shift lessons were the result. In 1958 a drawing room was set up again and ancillary rooms were renovated from 1960 onwards. Since the neighboring grammar school on Kirchheide in Vegesack was able to move into a new building in Lesum in 1965, the primary school building was fully used. The number of pupils continued to rise: in 1967 there were 1145 pupils in 41 classes, including 427 girls. Emergency accommodation in the local office, in youth homes and in six mobile construction classes had to be set up. To relieve the inadequate school situation in Bremen-Nord, the Blumenthal grammar school was set up from 1967 onwards , and in 1970 it accepted more than 1,300 students. In 1970 a specialist class wing and in 1971 a science wing were built.

Since 1977

Gerhard Rohlfs School Center

As a result of the Bremen school reforms, the Gerhard-Rohlfs-Gymnasium was dissolved in 1976/77 , and the Gerhard-Rohlfs-Schulzentrum of the lower secondary level I was created on the Breiten Straße, with secondary and secondary school, orientation level and grammar school up to grade 10 as an integrated district school. Since 2009/10, the expansion into an all-day school has been carried out by installing a cafeteria. The school yard was also redesigned.

Vegesack school center

In addition, the Vegesack school center for secondary level II was created as a follow -up school to the Gerhard Rohlfs grammar school and the vocational school in Kerschensteinerstraße . From this developed in 1993/94 the continuous Gymnasium Vegesack , Kerschensteinerstraße 2, with 1030 students today, 530 in the middle school and 500 in the upper school, and 68 teachers (as of 2011). In the middle level there are two cooperation classes per grade level, each of which cooperates with a class of the support center for perception and development promotion. The grammar school upper level is structured and organized in the form of a topic-oriented profile upper level.

Gerhard Rohlfs High School

In 2010, the Gerhard Rohlfs School was renamed as the Secondary School Center in the Gerhard Rohlfs Oberschule .

Well-known teachers and students

Known teachers

Ordered in time

  • Wilhelm Ebeling (1832–1899), first director from 1869 to 1899
  • Johannes Vollert (1858–1905), from 1899 to 1905 second director
  • Franz Nagel (1867–1957), third director from 1905 to 1929
  • Camillo Brähmig (1847–1918), assistant teacher 1872, teacher 1876 to 1918, 1904 professor. An accident at the train station in Lesum.
  • Karl Engelhardt (1876–1955), teacher at the school from 1903 to 1928, then until 1933 in Baden-Baden. City council in Vegesack (SPD).
  • Hans Kohlmann (1884–1953), science teacher from 1910 to 1950, headed the Wiking rowing club for 12 years
  • August Freese (1882–1936), fourth director from 1929 to 1936
  • Alwin Belger (1891–1945), senior teacher, writer from 1919 to 1945
  • Wilhelm Wolterstorf (1898-19 ..), from 1936 to 1945 as senior director of studies, fifth head of the school
  • Wilhelm Dening (1889–1963), senior director of studies in 1949, headmaster from 1945 to 1953
  • Hermann Sürig, senior teacher, acting headmaster from 1953 to 1954, deputy director until 1955
  • Heino Hohnholz (1878–1949), teacher at the school from 1903 to 1949
  • Johannes Schütze (1910–2005), senior director of studies, from 1954 to 1974 (?) Headmaster
  • Arved von Taube (1905–1978), senior teacher, at the school after 1960 (?) To 1970 (?)
  • Wilhelm Klevenhusen (1908–1987), at the school from 1949 to 1972, most recently as director of studies and deputy headmaster.
  • Friedrich Freese (1922–2015), senior teacher at the school and then as senior director since 1967 headmaster of the Blumenthal high school
  • Gryta Gieseke (1929–2019), at the school since 1958, around 1974 as senior director of studies
  • Caspar Kuhlmann , at the school from 1958 to 1964
  • Rosemarie Linke (1924–2004), senior teacher, at the school since 1961.
  • Gerd Harms (1935–1999), at the school since 1963, as senior director of studies, headmaster of the school center, from 1993 of the Vegesack grammar school.
  • Hanns Joachim "Hajo" Antpöhler (1930–2011), at school from 1961–1989, artist and gallery owner
  • Egbert Heiß (* 1943), teacher at the school from 1973 to 1989 and 1999 to 2007
  • Gerhard Gilbert (* 1946), director of the Gerhard Rohlfs School Center, then of the Gerhard Rohlfs School from 1994 to 2010
  • Max Wölfl (1948–2004), teacher at the school, founder and director of the Statt-Theater Vegesack in 1989.
  • Bernard Siemer (* 1952), headmaster of the Gerhard Rohlfs High School since 2010

Known students

In alphabetical order

School clubs

  • The Vegesacker High School Students Association has existed since 1919 and was called the Association of Former High School Students in 1919 , later the members were alumni of the Gerhard Rohlfs High School or the Secondary School Vegesack . The association has been called the Vegesacker Gymnasium Association since 1995 and is now associated with the Vegesack Gymnasium .
  • The school association of the Gerhard Rohlfs Oberschule has existed since the 1990s.
  • The Freundeskreis Sternwarte is supported by the school association of the Gerhard-Rohlfs-Oberschule .

See also


  • F. Werry: On the prehistory of the Vegesack Realgymnasium, in: Welcome letter of the German Philologists' Assembly in Bremen presented by the Vegesack Realgymnasium, Bremen 1899, pp. 3–12.
  • Johannes Schütze (ed.): Festschrift for the 100th anniversary of the Gerhard-Rohlfs-Gymnasium in Bremen-Vegesack and the 50th anniversary of the Alumni Association. Bremen 1969.
  • Egbert Heiß (ed.): Our school days - a reader - contemporary witnesses from Bremen-Nord report on childhood, youth and school in the 40s and 50s: War and post-war period, reconstruction and economic miracle, Bremen 2015.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ NSDAP stronghold Vegesack. Retrieved December 20, 2017 .
  2. John Sagittarius: . Cultural life in Bremen-Nord . . Habitat Bremen-Nord. History and present. In: Hanspeter Stabenau (ed.): Writings of Wittheit zu Bremen . Yearbook of Wittheit zu Bremen. tape 31 . JH Döll Verlag, Bremen 1989, ISBN 3-88808-132-7 , p. 303-328 .
  3. ^ Radio Bremen: It is the anniversary of the 1968 tram riots in Bremen. Retrieved on January 11, 2018 .
  4. The last 10 years are archived in the State and University Library Bremen (call number fb 1038)