|Geographic location :|
|Height :||260 m npm|
|Economy and Transport|
|Street :||Żytkiejmy - Skajzgiry ↔ Błąkały|
|Prawy Las → Golubie|
|Rail route :||no rail connection|
|Next international airport :||Danzig|
Golubie ( German Gollubien , 1938 to 1945 Unterfelde ) was a village in the East Prussian district of Goldap . Its no longer inhabited local office is today in the Polish Warmia-Masurian Voivodeship within the rural municipality of Dubeninki (Dubeningken , 1938 to 1945 Dubeningen) in the Gołdap (Goldap) district .
The founding year of the village once called Sabrofken is before 1599. The small village, which before 1730 was still called Saborowken , then Gallubia and henceforth Gollubia until 1938 , was incorporated into the newly established Adlersfelde district in 1874 (the place is now called Orliniec in Polish) . It was renamed "District Under the field" in 1939 and was until 1945 the district Goldap in Administrative district Gumbinnen in the Prussian province of East Prussia .
Gollubia was inhabited by 314 people in 1910. On September 30, 1928, the community expanded to include the Adlersfelde manor district (Orliniec), which was incorporated. The total population was 328 in 1933 and only 307 in 1939.
On June 3 - officially confirmed on July 16 - of the year 1938, Gollubien received the name "Unterfelde" in the course of the National Socialist renaming campaign and then gave its name to the renamed Adlersfelde district.
The advance of the Red Army in October 1944 hit the small village hard. It was completely destroyed. In 1945 his local office was given the Polish name "Golubie". Today only ruins, a memorial and a plaque with the inscription: “In memory of the inhabitants of Unterfelde / Gollubia, 7.1996” tell of it.
In the beginning there were still a few people settling here, but today the site is no longer inhabited and is considered an extinct settlement (Polish: nieeistniejąca już osada).
District of Unterfelden (1939–1945)
On July 25, 1939, the Adlersfelde District (Polish: Orliniec) , which had existed since 1874, was renamed “Unterfelde District” and the official seat was relocated to here. In the period of its existence until 1945, eight villages were assigned to the district:
|Place name||Name until 1938||Today's name|
The vast majority of Gollubia's population before 1945 was of the Protestant denomination. The village was in the parish of the church Szittkehmen (the place is called today in Polish: Żytkiejmy), which belonged to the church district Goldap in the church province of East Prussia of the church of the Old Prussian Union . The few Roman Catholic residents were incorporated into the parish in Goldap in the Diocese of Warmia .
The Golubie locality is located 27 kilometers east of the town of Gołdap on a side road that connects Żytkiejmy (Szittkehmen / Schittkehmen , 1938 to 1945 fortified churches ) and Skajzgiry (Skaisgirren , 1938 to 1945 Hellerau) with Błąkały (Blindgallen , 1938 to 1945 Schneegrund) . In town, a road branches off into the Podlaskie Voivodeship to Prawy Las and runs through the border crossing point between the German Reich and Poland that existed until 1945 .
In 1927, Gollubien became a station on the Goldap – Szittkehmen railway line, which was also known at the time as the “Kaiserbahn” and was not put back into operation after 1945.
- Dietrich Lange, Geographical Location Register East Prussia (2005): Unterfelde
- Rolf Jehke, Grabowken / Adlersfelde / Unterfelde district
- Uli Schubert, community directory, district Goldap
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Goldap district. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Walther Hubatsch : History of the Protestant Church in East Prussia. Volume 3: Documents. Göttingen 1968, p. 479
- Dieter Zeigert, Disappeared Tracks. The “Kaiserbahn” Goldap – Szittkehmen , Stade, 2011