Orliniec (Dubeninki)

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Orliniec does not have a coat of arms
Orliniec (Poland)
Basic data
State : Poland
Voivodeship : Warmia-Masuria
Powiat : Gołdap
Gmina : Dubeninki
Geographic location : 54 ° 18 '  N , 22 ° 45'  E Coordinates: 54 ° 18 '9 "  N , 22 ° 44' 36"  E
Residents :
Telephone code : (+48) 87
License plate : NGO
Economy and Transport
Street : SkajzgiryKramnik
Rail route : no rail connection
Next international airport : Danzig

Orliniec ( German  Adlersfelde ) is a small settlement (Polish: Osada) in the Polish Warmia-Masurian Voivodeship , which belongs to the rural municipality Dubeninki (Dubeningken , 1938 to 1945 Dubeningen) in the Gołdap (Goldap) district.

Geographical location

Orliniec is located in the northeast of the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, east of the district town of Gołdapb (Goldap) on the south bank of the Jezioro Pobłędzie (Customs Lake) . The former German-Polish border was only 600 meters from the town center.


The establishment of the place Adlersfelde took place on September 23, 1841. The center of the place was an estate. On March 18, 1874, the place became the seat and eponymous for a newly established administrative district that belonged to the district of Goldap in the administrative district of Gumbinnen in the Prussian province of East Prussia . In 1910, 37 Adlersfelde 37 residents were registered in the manor district.

On September 30, 1928, Adlersfelde gave up its independence and incorporated into the rural community of Gollubien (renamed "Unterfelde" from 1938 to 1945, Polish: Golubie, no longer exists today). On July 25, 1938, the Adlersfelde district was renamed "Unterfelde District", which was associated with the relocation of the official seat.

Adlersfelde was transferred to Poland in 1945 as a result of the war, along with all of southern East Prussia . Since then the place classified as a settlement has been called "Orliniec". She is assigned to the Gmina Dubeninki in the powiat Gołdapski. If it belonged to the Suwałki Voivodeship between 1975 and 1998 , it is now in the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship.

Adlersfelde District (1874–1938)

At the time of its existence, the Adlersfelde district included:

Surname Change name from
1938 to 1945
Polish name Remarks
Adlersfelde Orliniec 1928 incorporated into Gollubia
Dagutschen Cone base Degucie
Gollubia Unterfelde Golubie
Keppurdeggen Kühlberg Łysogóra
Kögskehmen Keckskeim Kiekskiejmy
Lengupchen Lengenfliess Lenkupie
Babble Wobały
1936–1938: Pablindschen
Customs pond Pobłędzie
Skaisgirren Hellerau (East Pr.) Skajzgiry


Before 1945 the majority of the population of Adlersfeld was of Protestant denomination. The village was part of the parish of the Szittkehmen church, which belonged to the Goldap parish in the church province of East Prussia of the Church of the Old Prussian Union . The few Catholics were oriented towards their parish church in Goldap , which belonged to the diocese of Warmia .

Church conditions have changed since 1945: the predominantly Catholic population of Orliniec 'once used the Protestant church in Żytkiejmy as a parish church, which is now part of the Gołdap deanery in the Ełk diocese of the Catholic Church in Poland . Evangelical church members are now incorporated into the parish in Gołdap, a subsidiary of the Suwałki parish in the Masurian diocese of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Poland .


The small settlement Orliniec is a little remote on a side road that leads to Kramnik and branches off the Straßeytkiejmy – Skajzgiry↔ Błąkały road.

A railway connection has not existed since 1945, when the Goldap – Szittkehmen railway line , also known as the “Kaiserbahn”, with the nearest railway station in Gollubien (Unterfelde), was decommissioned.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Dietrich Lange, Geographical Register of Places East Prussia (2005): Adlersfelde
  2. ^ A b Rolf Jehke: District Adlersfelde / Unterfelde
  3. ^ Uli Schubert: Community directory, district Goldap