|Geographic location :|
|Telephone code :||(+48) 87|
|License plate :||NGO|
|Economy and Transport|
Provincial road 651 : Gołdap - Żytkiejmy ↔ Sejny
Branch: Przesławki → Wobały
|Rail route :||no rail connection|
|Next international airport :||Danzig|
Wobały ( German Pabbeln ) is a place in the Polish Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship and belongs to the rural municipality Dubeninki (Dubeningken , 1938 to 1945 Dubeningen) in the Gołdap (Goldap) district .
Wobały located in the extreme northeast of the Warmia and Mazury and 1 km west of the former border between the German Reich and Poland , with the border between the almost today provinces Warmia-Mazury and Podlasie is identical.
Before 1945, the small village of Pabbeln consisted of several small farms. Earlier forms of the name are: Wabbeln (before 1589), Pablen (after 1785) and Pabblen (after 1818). In 1874 the village became part of the Adlersfelde district , was assigned to the Unterfelde district in 1938 , but was always part of the Goldap district in the Gumbinnen district of the Prussian province of East Prussia until 1945 .
The population was 59 in 1910. It rose to 67 by 1933 and was 79 in 1939.
As a result of the war, Pabbeln came to Poland in 1945 along with the southern part of East Prussia . Since then, the place has been called "Wobały" and is a settlement (Polish: osada) in the Gmina Dubeninki association in the powiat Gołdapski in the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship .
The predominantly Protestant population of Pabbeln before 1945 was parish in the parish of the Szittkehmen Church , which belonged to the Goldap parish in the church province of East Prussia of the Church of the Old Prussian Union . For Catholics , Goldap was the parish within the Diocese of Warmia . Almost all of the residents of Wobały have been Catholic since 1945 and consider the once Protestant church in Żytkiejmy to be their parish church. It belongs to the Filipów Deanery in the Diocese of Ełk (Lyck) of the Catholic Church in Poland . Evangelical church members living here are part of the Gołdap parish , which is now a subsidiary of the parish in Suwałki in the Masurian diocese of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Poland .
In Wobały there is still a Protestant cemetery (Polish: cmentarz ewangelicki) from before 1945. It is under special protection as a cultural monument.
Wobały is located 30 kilometers from the district town of Gołdap and is easily accessible via the voivodship road DW 651, which connects the two voivodships . A side street leads directly into town via Przesławki . A railway connection has not existed since the Gumbinnen – Goldap railway with the nearest railway station in Żytkiejmy (Szittkehmen / Schittkehmen , 1938 to 1945 Wehrkirchen) was shut down in 1945 as a result of the war.
- Dietrich Lange, Geographisches Ortregister Ostpreußen (2005): Pabbeln .- The village should not be confused with the domain village of the same name, Pabbeln , which also belonged to the Goldap district, but is now in the Russian Kaliningrad Oblast and bears the Russian name " Karamyshevo ".
- Rolf Jehke, District Adlersfelde / Unterfelde
- Uli Schubert, community directory, district Goldap
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Goldap district. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Walther Hubatsch , History of the Protestant Church of East Prussia , Volume 3: Documents , Göttingen 1968, p. 479