City of Detmold
|Height :||158 m|
|Area :||9.99 km²|
|Residents :||3617 (Aug 1, 2006)|
|Population density :||362 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||January 1, 1970|
|Postal code :||32760|
|Area code :||05231|
Location of Heiligenkirchen in the city area
Heiligenkirchen is a district of Detmold in the district of Lippe , North Rhine-Westphalia , about three kilometers south from the city center. The neighboring districts of Detmold are clockwise Hiddesen , Detmold-Süd , Hornoldendorf and Berlebeck .
Heiligenkirchen is first mentioned in a document in 1015 by the Paderborn bishop Meinwerk with the forms Halogokircan , Halogokircun . According to legend, the original church, a chapel, was built at the instigation of Charlemagne as a foundation after a battle was won in 783. Today's Evangelical-Reformed Romanesque village church was built in the 11th or 12th century, destroyed in the war of 1404–1407 and rebuilt with Gothic style elements without losing its original character. In the 1960s, an extensive archaeological investigation and renovation took place with a new interior, including organ and stalls, as well as pulpit, altar and baptismal font made of sandstone (designed by Karl Ehlers). In the 12th century, the Lippe regent Bernhard II owned a hereditary farm in the settlement and the oldest Lippe treasure register shows that there were four farms and fifteen other colonies in the Hilgenkerken parish .
Due to its location on the way between Detmold and Paderborn over the Gauseköte , Heiligenkirchen was frequently hit by troops passing through during war times, for example in the Everstein feud (1403–1407), in the Soester feud (1444–1449) and in the Thirty Years War (1618–1648 ). In 1571, Simon VII instructed his subjects to set up schools in all the towns and villages. The citizens of Heiligenkirchen opposed the sovereign order and did not set up the first school until 1664. In 1865, a social institution for girls was set up on the Teuthof , the Sophienheim , which was soon overcrowded and had to be expanded. Up to the 18th century the population was between 150 and 200 inhabitants, only afterwards did it increase significantly.
In the 20th century, the tram ran from Detmold to Berlebeck through the community for decades. In 1935 the Schling was incorporated. In the course of the North Rhine-Westphalian municipal reform , Heiligenkirchen was incorporated into the city of Detmold on January 1, 1970. Today Heiligenkirchen is particularly known for the bird park . Heiligenkirchen is a state-approved climatic health resort . The Hermannsdenkmal and the Westphalian Open Air Museum are within walking distance from Heiligenkirchen. The oldest surviving half-timbered house dates from 1573 and is on the Teuthof.
A total of 3617 citizens live in Heiligenkirchen (August 2006) on an area of 9.8 km². The local mayor is currently Rainer Friedrich ( SPD ), the representatives in the city council are Harald Matz and Rainer Friedrich (both SPD).
- Church kindergarten
- Public elementary school
- Ev. ref. Church (see above)
- Catholic Church To all saints (which is shared with the neighboring town of Berlebeck)
- Outdoor pool (also operated jointly with Berlebeck)
- Savings bank
- Postal agency
- Gas station
- some shops
- Hotel, several restaurants
- Sports club
- Tennis club
- Local and tourist association that runs the “CulturCafe” village community center.
Sons and daughters of Heiligenkirchen
- August Althaus (1839–1919), teacher and politician (DFP)
- Peter Lampe (1954–), theologian and historian, professor in Heidelberg
- Martin Bünermann: The communities of the first reorganization program in North Rhine-Westphalia . Deutscher Gemeindeverlag, Cologne 1970, p. 105 .
- Christian Kuhnke: Lippe Lexikon . Boken Verlag, Detmold 2000, ISBN 3-935454-00-7
- Data and facts on the official website of the city of Detmold ( Memento of the original from November 18, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.