(since 2007) :
|Coordinates :||55 ° 52 ′ N , 9 ° 50 ′ E|
|Area :||189 km²|
|Population density :||315 inhabitants per km²|
|Height :||5 m ö.h.|
|Telephone code :||(+45) 7|
|Postal code :||8700 Horsens|
|Mayor :||Peter Sørensen|
|Sister cities :||
Horsens [ ˈhɔʀsəns ] is a Danish port city on the east coast of Jutland with 59,449 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020), making it the third largest city in East Jutland after Aarhus and Randers . The city is the administrative seat of the municipality of the same name , which belongs to the Midtjylland region. The place developed around the harbor, Horsens Havn , which lies at the end of the 20 kilometer long Horsens Fjord . Horsens is a location with a metal and tobacco industry and often a venue for world-famous musicians. To the east, the Danish motorway Østjyske Motorvej , which goes along with the European route 45 , passes the city.
As part of a new structural reform , the municipalities of Brædstrup and Gedved merged with the original municipality of Horsens (1970-2006; 188.84 km²) on January 1, 2007 . The total area of the municipality is now 542 km².
Development of the population (January 1st in the respective municipality):
The town was formed during the Viking Age at a ford on the Bygholm Å river . Your current street network in the old town dates back to the 14th century, when Horsens was developed into a fortress. In the course of the Jutian peasant uprising , a castle with Bygholm was built as a royal residence under pressure from the Danish King Erik Menved in 1313 . From the castle complex to the west of the city center, the main building from 1775 , which was kept in Jutian late Baroque style, has been preserved. Market rights were guaranteed to the city in 1442 at the latest, but Horsens had been in possession of the city rights for a long time.
The heyday of the 18th century is borne out by fashionable houses on Åboulevarden , Sundvejen and Søndergade in the center of town. At the beginning of the 19th century, Horsens quickly transformed into an industrial town, where Jutland's first iron foundry was founded in 1831 . The expansion of the port, which was expanded and connected to the railway network towards the end of the century, played a significant role in the city's growth. Industrialization strengthened the labor movement, by which Axel Sørensen was elected Jutland's first social democratic mayor in 1918.
Culture and sights
Since 1995 , the European Medieval Festival has been held annually in Horsens alongside the crime fairs at the end of March on the last weekend in August . Here part of the city is completely transported back to the Middle Ages, street lamps and telephone boxes are clad with wood. There are knight tournaments, street theater and music performances.
The Danish Industrial Museum (Danmarks Industrimuseum) is located on the site of a former electricity and gas works . Another museum is the Horsens Art Museum , which is housed in the Lunden pavilion . The town's newest attraction is the former state prison Horsens Statsfængsel , formerly Horsens penal institution , in which prisoners with several years imprisonment were held from 1853 to 2006 . After the prison was closed, it was converted into a museum, the opening of which on May 17, 2012, followed on June 6, 2012 by a concert by the US band Metallica with 40,000 visitors.
The AC Horsens football club is based in Horsens and plays in the top Danish league, the Superliga . The venue is the 10,400-seat CASA Arena Horsens . On August 8, 2015, the Speedway World Championship Grand Prix of Denmark took place in the CASA Arena Horsens.
On May 7th, Horsens was the start and finish point of the third stage of the Giro d'Italias 2012 .
sons and daughters of the town
- Vitus Bering (1681–1741), naval officer and explorer in the Russian service
- Poul Vendelbo de Løvenørn (1686–1740), general of the cavalry
- Peter Mathiesen Hentze (1753–1843), pastor, later provost of the Faroe Islands
- Adelbert Heinrich von Baudissin (1820–1871), German writer
- Andreas Bang-Haas (1846-1925), entomologist
- Alfred Schmidt (1858–1938), Danish draftsman and painter
- Anna Bloch (1868–1953), actress
- Ellen Broe (1900–1994), nurse and director of the "Florence Nightingale International Foundation"
- Vagn Holmboe (1909–1996), composer
- Manon Rasmussen (* 1951), costume designer
- Kristian Halken (* 1955), actor
- Jan Trøjborg (1955–2012), mayor, member of the Folketing and multiple minister
- Henrik Ravn Jensen (* 1965), football player
- Anne Louise Hassing (* 1967), actress
- Mikkel Metal (* 1973), musician
- Michael Skelde (* 1973), road cyclist
- Kasper Klostergaard (* 1983), racing cyclist
- Ólafur Gústafsson (* 1989), Icelandic handball player
- Simon Kjær (* 1989), national soccer player
- Kristina Jørgensen (* 1998), handball player
- Sebastian Hausner (* 2000), soccer player
- ↑ a b Statistics Banks -> Befolkning og valg -> BY1: Folketal January 1st efter byområde, alder og køn (Danish)
- ↑ a b c Søren Olsen: Danmarks købstæder . 1st edition. Politics Forlag A / S, Copenhagen 2000, ISBN 87-567-6203-8 , Horsens, p. 101 ff . (Danish).
- ↑ Horsens Havn . In Horsens Leksikon , accessed May 8, 2012 (Danish)
- ↑ Velkommen til fængslet 2.0 ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . In Fængslet.dk , accessed May 9, 2012 (Danish)
- ↑ Ny unik attraction åbner i Horsens . In Fængslet.dk , accessed May 9, 2012 (Danish)
- ↑ Metallica spiller concert on "Fængslet" i Horsens June 6th ( Memento of the original from June 10th 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . In Fængslet.dk , accessed on June 9, 2012 (Danish)
- ↑ Metallica rystede statsfængslet i Horsens . In TV 2 Nyhederne of June 7, 2012, accessed on July 20, 2012 (Danish)