Julius H. Schoeps

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Julius H. Schoeps, 2009

Julius Hans Schoeps (born June 1, 1942 in Djursholm , Sweden ) is a German historian and political scientist , founding director of the Moses Mendelssohn Center for European-Jewish Studies at the University of Potsdam and chairman of the Moses Mendelssohn Foundation . Schoeps was the first director and co-founder of the Salomon Ludwig Steinheim Institute in Duisburg .


Julius H. Schoeps, whose ancestors included the philosopher Moses Mendelssohn (1729–1786) and the religious reformer and textile entrepreneur David Friedländer (1750–1834), came during the exile of his parents, the religious philosopher and historian Hans-Joachim Schoeps (1909–1980) ) and Dorothee Busch (1915–1996), born in Djursholm / Sweden. His younger brother Manfred was born there on January 1, 1944. In 1948 Schoeps succeeded his father, who had already returned to Germany from exile in 1946.

In 1963 Schoeps passed his Abitur and began studying history , political science , communication and theater studies in Erlangen and at the Free University of Berlin . In 1969 he received his doctorate and in 1973 he completed his habilitation. From 1974 to 1991 he was Professor of Political Science at the University of Duisburg , and from 1986 to 1991 he was also the founding director of the Salomon Ludwig Steinheim Institute for German-Jewish History in Duisburg . Between 1980 and 2007, Schoeps was visiting professor in Budapest , Tel Aviv , New York , Oxford and Seattle .

Since the late 1960s, Schoeps has been active as a journalist for daily and weekly newspapers (including Die Zeit , Die Welt , FAZ , NZZ , PNN ), magazines and numerous radio and television stations.

From 1991 to 1994 Schoeps was a member of the founding senate of the University of Potsdam and from 1991 to the summer semester 2007 he was professor of modern history (focus on German-Jewish history) at the University of Potsdam. From 1992 to 2014 he was the founding director of the Moses Mendelssohn Center for European-Jewish Studies, an institute affiliated with Potsdam University. In addition, from 2001 to 2007 Schoeps was the spokesman for the DFG graduate school “Makom - Place and Places in Judaism” at the University of Potsdam.

From 1984 to 2014, Schoeps was chairman of the Gesellschaft für Geistesgeschichte (GGG), founded in 1958 by his father Hans-Joachim Schoeps in Erlangen , and is the managing editor of the Zeitschrift für Religions- und Geistesgeschichte (ZRGG). From 1993 to 1997 Schoeps was founding director of the Jewish Museum of the City of Vienna , from 1995 to 2005 founding director of the Moses Mendelssohn Academy in Halberstadt , and since 2018 he has been chairman of the board of trustees.

Since 2002 Schoeps has been chairman of the Moses Mendelssohn Foundation , which follows the tradition of the Moses "Mendelssohn Foundation for the Promotion of the Humanities" founded in 1929. The foundation - founded by Mendelssohn's descendants and members of the Mendelssohn-Bartholdy family association - promotes education, upbringing, science and research in the field of European-Jewish history and culture. The foundation is a partner in the GBI group of companies and is involved in charitable building projects, including a. the construction and management of student residences in various cities in Germany and Austria.

As spokesman for the heirs of the banker Paul von Mendelssohn-Bartholdy , Schoeps has been fighting for the restitution of various works of art from his property since 2003 . At the beginning of 2009 a comparison was made on this question with the Guggenheim Museum and the Museum of Modern Art in New York City. In January 2010 a comparison was made between the heirs and the owner of the Picasso painting Portrait of Angel Fernández de Soto , Andrew Lloyd Webber . The picture remained in the possession of Webbers, who then auctioned it off at Christie's auction house in June 2010 .

From 2008 to 2014 Julius H. Schoeps was the spokesman for the Walther Rathenau Graduate College “Liberalism and Democracy: On the Genealogy and Reception of Political Movements from the Enlightenment to the Present” of the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom and, since 2014, of the Ludwig Rosenberg College “Historical Relationships between the Labor Movement and Judaism ”by the Hans Böckler Foundation . Schoeps students include Anna Carolin Augustin, Sven Brömsel, Hannah Lotte Lund, Barbara Steiner, Olaf Glöckner , Anna-Dorothea Ludewig, Alexandra Nocke, Ines Sonder, Susanne Urban-Fahr, Elke-Vera Kotowski and Armin Pfahl-Traughber . Schoeps is a member of the writers' association PEN Center Germany .

The scientific work of Julius H. Schoeps deals with questions of religious and intellectual history , the history of political ideas and the history of German-Jewish relations . As editor and co-editor, Schoeps edited writings and letters by German-speaking authors of the 19th and 20th centuries (including Felix Busch , Hermann Cohen , Gabriel Riesser , Theodor Herzl , Leon Pinsker , Aaron Bernstein , Franz Oppenheimer , Karl Emil Franzos , Fritz Heymann , Hans -Joachim Schoeps ). Several of Schoeps' books and many of his essays have appeared in a variety of languages ​​(including Japanese, English, Hebrew, Hungarian, Swedish, French, Dutch , Russian, Polish, Spanish, and Italian).


Publications (selection)

A complete list of publications can be found on the website of the Moses Mendelssohn Center.

as an author
  • From Olomouc to Dresden 1850/51. A contribution to the history of the reforms at the German Confederation (= publications from the archives of Prussian cultural heritage. Volume 7). Grote, Cologne / Berlin [West] 1972, ISBN 3-7745-0234-X .
  • Bismarck and his assassin. The revolver attack on Unter den Linden on May 7, 1866. Ullstein, Berlin [West] 1984, ISBN 3-550-07963-X .
  • About Jews and Germans. Historical-political considerations. Burg-Verlag, Stuttgart / Bonn 1986. (2nd, revised and expanded new edition (= German-Jewish history through three centuries. Volume 4). Hildesheim 2010)
  • Suffering from Germany. About the anti-Semitic madness and the burden of memory. Piper, Munich 1990, ISBN 3-492-11220-X .
  • Civil enlightenment and liberal freedom thinking. A. Bernstein in his time (= studies on intellectual history. Volume 14). Burg-Verlag, Stuttgart / Bonn 1992, ISBN 3-922801-51-X .
  • Theodor Herzl and the Dreyfus Affair (= Vienna Lectures. Volume 34). Picus, Vienna 1995.
  • Theodor Herzl 1860–1904. If you want, it's not a fairy tale. A picture-text monograph. Vienna 1995.
  • German-Jewish symbiosis or unsuccessful emancipation. Bodenheim / Mainz 1996. Licensed edition for the Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt 1996; New edition under the title Die unsglückte Emanzipation. Paths and wrong ways of German-Jewish history. Philo, Berlin et al. 2002, 2nd edition, ISBN 3-8257-0220-0 .
  • The violence syndrome. Deformations and breaks in the German-Jewish relationship. Argon, Berlin 1998, ISBN 3-87024-463-1 .
  • Prussia. Story of a myth. Bebra, Berlin 2000, ISBN 3-89809-003-5 .
  • My way as a German Jew. Autobiographical Notes. Pendo, Zurich 2003, ISBN 3-85842-544-3 .
  • "You double, you pale fellow ...". German-Jewish experiences in the mirror of three centuries 1700–2000 Philo, Berlin / Vienna 2004, ISBN 3-8257-0361-4 .
  • Palestine love. Leon Pinsker, Anti-Semitism and the Beginnings of the National Jewish Movement in Germany. Philo, Berlin / Vienna 2005, ISBN 3-86572-530-9 .
  • (Co-author) Building a Diaspora. Russian Jews in Israel, Germany and the USA (= International Comparative Social Studies. Volume 13). Brill, Leiden 2006, ISBN 90-04-15332-2 .
  • The legacy of the Mendelssohns. Family biography. S. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2009, ISBN 978-3-10-073606-2 .
  • David Friedländer . Friend and student of Moses Mendelssohn. Olms, Hildesheim 2012. (2nd edition 2017, ISBN 978-3-487-08592-0 ).
  • Pioneers of Zionism: Hess, Pinsker, Rülf. Messianism, Settlement Policy, and the Israeli-Palestinan Conflict. de Gruyter, Berlin / Boston 2013, ISBN 978-3-11-031458-8 .
  • The King of Midian. Paul Friedmann and his dream of a Jewish state on the Arabian Peninsula. Koehler & Amelang, Leipzig 2014, ISBN 978-3-7338-0398-8 .
  • Encounters. People who crossed my path in life. Suhrkamp, ​​Berlin 2016, ISBN 978-3-633-54278-9 .
  • Does the idea of ​​settlement still have a future in Zionist ideology? AphorismA, Berlin 2017, ISBN 978-3-86575-579-7 .
  • Dark premonitions. Germany's Jews on the eve of the catastrophe (1933–1935). Hentrich & Hentrich, Leipzig 2018, ISBN 978-3-95565-273-9 .
  • Dorothea Veit / Schlegel. A life between Judaism and Christianity. Hentrich & Hentrich, Berlin 2020 (= Jewish miniatures. Volume 250), ISBN 978-3-95565-388-0 .
as editor or co-editor
  • with Alphons Silbermann: Anti-Semitism after the Holocaust. Inventory and manifestations in German-speaking countries. Cologne 1986.
  • with Heinz Kremers: The Jewish-Christian Religious Discussion (= Studies on Spiritual History. Volume 9). Burg Verlag, Stuttgart / Bonn 1988.
  • Jews as carriers of bourgeois culture in Germany (= studies on intellectual history. Volume 11). Burg Verlag, Stuttgart / Bonn 1989, ISBN 3-922801-48-X .
  • with Eberhard Jäckel and Peter Longerich: Encyclopedia of the Holocaust. 3 volumes. Argon, Berlin 1993. (Paperback edition: Piper, Munich 1995 and 1998).
  • with Joachim Schlör : Anti-Semitism. Prejudices and myths. Piper, Munich 1995, ISBN 3-492-03796-8 .
  • with Willi Jasper and Bernhard Vogt: Russian Jews in Germany. Integration and self-assertion in a foreign country. Beltz, Weinheim 1996.
  • with Michael Ley: National Socialism as a political religion. Philo Verlag, Bodenheim near Mainz 1997, ISBN 3-8257-0032-1 .
  • with Irene Diekmann and Peter Krüger: Geopolitics. Crossing borders in the spirit of the times. Part 1: 1890 to 1945. Part 2: 1945 to the present. Verlag für Berlin Brandenburg, Potsdam 2000, ISBN 3-932981-68-5 .
  • Living in the land of the perpetrators. Jews in post-war Germany (1845–1952). Berlin 2001, ISBN 3-934658-17-2 .
  • New Lexicon of Judaism. Gütersloher Verlagshaus, Gütersloh 1992, ISBN 3-579-02305-5 .
  • Expropriated by the Federal Republic of Germany. The Mendelssohn-Bartholdy case. A documentation. Philo Verlag, Bodenheim near Mainz 1997, ISBN 3-8257-0045-3 .
  • with Alphons Silbermann and Hans Süssmuth: Franz Oppenheimer: Gesammelte Schriften. 3 volumes, Berlin 1995–1998.
    • Volume 1: Theoretical Foundation
    • Volume 2: Political Writings
    • Volume 3: Writings on the market economy
  • with Stépane Moses and Joachim Schlör: Manès Sperber as a European. An ethics of resistance, Edition Hentrich, Berlin 1. ISBN 3-89468-165-9
  • Economy and society. Franz Oppenheimer and the foundation of the social market economy. Philo Verlag, Bodenheim near Mainz 1999, ISBN 3-8257-0128-X .
  • with Andreas Nachama and Hermann Simon: Jews in Berlin. 3 volumes. Henschel, Berlin / Leipzig 2001–2009, ISBN 3-89487-336-1 .
  • with Gert Mattenklott and Michael Philipp: “Misunderstood brothers”? Stefan George and the German-Jewish bourgeoisie between the turn of the century and emigration. Olms, Hildesheim et al. 2001.
  • with Irene Diekmann: The Wilkomirski Syndrome. Imagined memories or the longing to be a victim. Pendo Verlag, Zurich / Munich 2002, ISBN 3-85842-472-2 .
  • with Elke-Vera Kotowski and Hiltrud Wallenborn: Handbook on the history of the Jews in Europe. Scientific Book Society, Darmstadt 2001, ISBN 3-534-14086-9 .
  • with Anna-Dorothea Ludewig: An endless debate? Looted art and restitution in German-speaking countries. Publishing house for Berlin-Brandenburg, Berlin 2007.
  • Library of Burned Books. A selection of books banned and ostracized by the National Socialists, 10 volumes. Hildesheim 2008.
  • with Lars Rensmann : Politics and Resentment. Antisemitism and Counter-Cosmopolitanism in the European Union. Brill, Leiden 2011, ISBN 978-90-04-19046-7 .
  • with Anna-Dorothea Ludewig and Ines Sonder: Departure into the modern age. Collectors, patrons and art dealers in Berlin 1880–1933. Cologne 2012, ISBN 978-3-8321-9428-4 .
  • with Olaf Glöckner : Germany, the Jews and the State of Israel. A political inventory. Olms, Hildesheim 2016, ISBN 978-3-487-08580-7 .
  • with Elizer Ben-Rafael, Olaf Glöckner and Yitzhak Sternberg: Handbook of Israel. Major debates. 2 volumes. de Gruyter, Berlin 2016, ISBN 978-3-11-035160-6 .
  • with Thomas L. Gertzen: Grenzgänger. Jewish scientists, dreamers and adventurers between Orient and Occident. Hentrich & Hentrich, Berlin / Leipzig 2020, ISBN 978-3-95565-375-0 .
Annotated text and letter editions, among others
  • Zionism. Thirty-four articles, Nymphenburger Verlagshandlung, Munich 1973. ISBN 3-485-03216-6
  • Friedrich Albert Lange. The worker question. Any homeowner. Social policy between liberalism and socialism (= Duisburg university contributions. Volume 4). Braun Verlag, Duisburg 1975.
  • In the dispute over Kafka and Judaism. Max Brod / Hans-Joachim Schoeps. Correspondence. Koenigstein / Ts. 1985.
  • Richard Meyer von Achenbach. Thoughts on a constructive German Ostpolitik. Memorandum from 1953. Athenäum Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 1986.
  • In search of a Jewish theology. The correspondence between Schalom Ben-Chorin and Hans-Joachim Schoeps. Frankfurt am Main 1989, ISBN 3-610-00424-X .
  • with Alex Bein and others: Theodor Herzl. Letters and diaries. 7 volumes. Propylaea, Berlin / Frankfurt / Vienna 1983–1996.
  • Fritz Heymann. Death or baptism. The Expulsion of the Jews from Spain and Portugal in the Age of the Inquisition. Jüdischer Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 1988 ISBN 3-610-00409-6 .
  • A. Amber. Ghetto stories. Vögele of the Maggid / Mendel Gibbor. Hentrich, Berlin 1994.
  • with Hanna Delf: Gustav Landauer-Fritz Mauthner. Correspondence 1890–1919, CH Beck, Munich 1994, ISBN 3-406-38657-1 .
  • with Jutta Dick: Salomon Ludwig Steinheim and Johanna Steinheim. Letters (= Haskala. Scientific treatises. ) Olms, Hildesheim u. a. 1996.
  • A. Bernstein in his time. Letters and materials (= Haskala. Scientific treatises. Volume 43). Hildesheim u. a. 2010.
Collected Writings
  • German-Jewish history through three centuries. Selected Writings. 10 volumes and a supplementary volume ( The late years and bibliography). Hildesheim u. a. 2010-2013.


  • Ludger Heid , Joachim H. Knoll (ed.): German-Jewish history in the 19th and 20th centuries. Festschrift for the 50th birthday. Burg-Verlag, Stuttgart / Bonn 1992.
  • Willi Jasper , Joachim H. Knoll (ed.): "Prussia's sky spreads its stars ...". Contributions to the cultural, political and intellectual history of modern times. Festschrift for the 60th birthday. 2 volumes. (= Haskala. Scientific treatises. Volume 26/1 and 2). Olms, Hildesheim et al. 2002.
  • Irene Diekmann , Elke-Vera Kotowski (ed.): Beloved enemy, hated friend. Anti-Semitism and Philosemitism Past and Present. Festschrift for the 65th birthday. Publishing house for Berlin-Brandenburg, Berlin 2008.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Report of the Tagesspiegel on the restitution question . Retrieved November 4, 2008.
  2. ^ Agreement in New York: Picasso paintings will not return to Berlin. In: Spiegel Online. Retrieved February 4, 2009.
  3. Picasso's "Absinthe Drinker": Property dispute settled . In: The Standard . January 7, 2010, accessed February 11, 2014.
  4. artinfo24.com: Pablo Picasso - Absinthe drinkers auctioned at Christies . Retrieved February 11, 2014.
  5. Application to the Hans Böckler Foundation to set up a doctoral college .
  6. Prime Minister awards the country's Order of Merit. News from June 13, 2014, on the website of the State of Brandenburg, accessed on June 26, 2014.
  7. ↑ List of publications by Julius H. Schoeps .