|Region :||Western Transdanubia|
|Small area until December 31, 2012 :||Keszthely|
|District since 1.1.2013 :||Keszthely|
|Area :||75.98 km²|
|Residents :||21,047 (Jan. 1, 2011)|
|Population density :||277 inhabitants per km²|
|Telephone code :||(+36) 83|
|Postal code :||8360|
|Structure and administration (as of 2019)|
|Community type :||city|
|Mayor :||Bálint Nagy (Fidesz-KDNP)|
|Postal address :||Fő tér 1
|(Source: A Magyar Köztársaság helységnévkönyve 2011. január 1st at Központi statisztikai hivatal )|
Keszthely [ ˈkɛsthɛj ] ( German : Kesthell ) is a town with around 21,000 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2011) on an area of 75.98 square kilometers on the west bank of Lake Balaton in Hungary . It belongs to the county (county) Zala .
The square has been inhabited since the Latène period, and the Keszthely culture emerged in Roman times . The Roman internal fort Keszthely-Fenékpuszta was excavated in the area of the Fenékpuszta district . The city itself is first mentioned in a document in 1247; It owed its historical importance to the management style and way of thinking of the Festetics magnate family . The city has had market rights since 1421 . Its growth was interrupted by the Turkish Wars, but the city was never captured. In the 18th century it rose to become the spiritual center of the region. It owes this to the Feštetićs, a noble family from Croatia , whose count György Festetics founded the Georgikon in 1797 . It was an agricultural college that contributed significantly to the national consciousness of Hungarians in the 19th century. Today it is the Faculty of Agriculture of the University of Veszprém .
Another important development began with tourism in the 19th century . Today it is the largest branch of the economy. Keszthely has large hotels on the banks of the river and several shops in the pedestrian zone, Kossuth Lajos utca and a baroque city center.
Latène Age burial ground
On the west side of the Keszthely-Bergland, east of the Gyöngyös river, remains of a burial ground from the Latène period were uncovered. The northern section of the site is called Felső-Dobogó, the southern section Alsó-Dobogó (Upper and Lower Dobogó). Between the two squares there is a road and a hill made of dolomite rock . In the east is the Celtic burial ground of Cserszegtomaj . The graves in Felső-Dobogó were largely destroyed when they were used as garden land; a rescue excavation in 1966 only revealed a small group of graves with four body burials (three women, one child).
Two of the graves were in a south-north direction, the other two in a south-east-northwest direction. A (destroyed) cremation about 60 m south of it suggests that other graves still existed. After the grave goods - a vessel with a handle, an iron bangle with bronze cladding and some ornate hollow hump rings - it is concluded that it was occupied in the Early and Middle Latène (LTB to LTC, 380–150 BC).
The stray find of an Italian bronze figure with outstretched arms, which was also discovered there, can no longer be precisely located. Lászlo Hórváth and Miklós Szabó suspect that these and similar figures in Transdanubia come from the same workshop in southern Umbria and were made in the 4th century BC. Were imported here.
The Feštetićs baroque castle in the north of the city is U-shaped and stands in the middle of a park. Christoph Festetics built it in 1745. His son Pál expanded it in the 1860s under the direction of Christoph Hofstädter, who also designed the park. The last extension in the 1880s was based on plans by the architect Viktor Rumpelmayer . Objects from the 17th to the 19th century can be viewed in the castle. These include Delft tiled stoves, Empire chairs and inlaid tables. In addition, the Helikon library is located in the castle (Hungarian Helikon Könyvtár ). The interior furnishings were created by the Keszthely master carpenter János Kerbel around 1800 from oak. The library houses over 50,000 volumes.
In the south of the city is the Balaton Museum with a geological and archaeological collection. It shows evidence of Avar and Celtic culture, facts about the geological development of the Lake Balaton area as well as the flora of the lake and the work of the people.
- Boppard ( Germany )
- Hof van Twente ( Netherlands )
- Levoča ( Slovakia )
- Turnov ( Czech Republic )
- Piwniczna-Zdrój ( Poland )
- Piran ( Slovenia )
- Alanya ( Turkey )
- Wilhelm Friedrich von Karwinsky von Karwin (1780–1855), botanist
- Karl Goldmark (1830–1915), composer and violinist
- David Schwarz (1850–1897), inventor and aviation pioneer
- János Schadl (1892–1944), painter
- Aliz Mosonyi (* 1944), writer
- László Horváth: The surroundings of Keszthely. In: Corpus of Celtic finds in Hungary I. Transdanubia I. Budapest 1987, p. 63 ff .; In: Susanne Sievers / Otto Helmut Urban / Peter C. Ramsl: Lexicon for Celtic Archeology. A-K ; Announcements of the prehistoric commission published by the Austrian Academy of Sciences , Vienna 2012, ISBN 978-3-7001-6765-5 , pp. 386–387.