The monastery of the Augustinian canons, consecrated to the Assumption of Mary, St. Peter and Paul, was founded in 1120 by Count Palatine Otto V. von Wittelsbach . In the 12th and 13th centuries, Indersdorf was a preferred burial place for the Wittelsbach family. The monastery has long been the economic and spiritual center of the area. Here the provost Erhard Brunner and his half-brother, the "Decanus" Johannes von Indersdorf, carried out reforms in the 15th century, which were also adopted by other Augustinian monasteries in Bavaria.
Wittelsbachers buried in Indersdorf
- Otto VIII. (1180–1209) from 1189 to 1208 Count Palatine of Bavaria , murderer of Philip of Swabia ( Roman-German King )
18th to 20th century
In 1783 the monastery was taken over by canons of Munich with the help of a papal bull (dated May 24, 1783). The Salesians, who had to leave their monastery in Munich ( St. Anna ) in 1784, lived in the buildings from 1784 to 1831. In 1831 they moved to Dietramszell .
In 1856 the Sisters of Charity took over the facility under the name of Marienanstalt and operated a children's institution there , which was initially built in Haimhausen in 1854 with support from Countess Viktorine von Butler-Haimhausen.
time of the nationalsocialism
The Sisters of Charity were expelled in 1938 by the National Socialists, who ran a youth education center in the monastery building for the purposes of the National Socialist welfare organization until the end of the war.
The Bavarian Wander- und Heimatdienst (LVW) took over the facility. The purpose of the association was the registration of " anti-social " in an "anti-social index" and their introduction to compulsory welfare institutions. The Indersdorf youth education center was run by Friedrich Goller.
Among others, Ernst Lossa , who was finally murdered, was once a pupil here.
post war period
From 1945 to 1946, the Indersdorf Abbey housed an international orphanage for “ displaced persons ” with the participation of the Sisters of Charity. From 1946 to 1948, mostly Jewish children and young people in Indersdorf were looked after as displaced persons on behalf of the successor organization IRO by the Sisters of Mercy.
In a television documentary by ZDF in 2009, the life of a group of Jewish children was traced. The children were survivors of the Flossenbürg concentration camp . They were liberated by the Americans on April 23, 1945. In a small town in the Bavarian Upper Palatinate, they were first taken in and nursed by residents. And then they came to the monastery in Indersdorf. A collection point had been set up there under US supervision, which was also supposed to offer medical and psychological care to Jewish children from concentration camps. The project of the UNRRA , which ran the reception center, was unique up until then. The mental life of the children should be brought back into balance, they should playfully win back their lost youth.
In 2009 it was documented on film how these children from Indersdorf, who were scattered halfway around the world, came together for the first time at the place of their liberation and met the people who had helped them back then. The children from back then were now older men and some successful business people. In another film from 2018, children from back then tell of the last days of the war, their time in the monastery, and their return home or relocation to other countries.
Around 1000 children found help from UNRRA in Markt Indersdorf between 1945 and 1948.
20th and 21st centuries
At the beginning of the 1950s there was also a housekeeping school and a school for rural women. After the home was closed in 1949, the sisters ran the Vinzenz von Paul secondary school in the Archdiocese of Munich and Freising. In 1987, the Congregation of the Sisters of Mercy transferred the entire monastery complex to the Archdiocese of Munich and Freising , which continued the school, for personal reasons . The management of the kindergarten, which was also founded in 1949, was handed over to the Franziskuswerk Schönbrunn in 2003 . In 2016 the diocesan college Vinzenz was founded by Paul of the Archdiocese of Munich and Freising in Markt Indersdorf. It was officially recognized in 2019.
Row of provosts
- Rupert, 1131
- Ortwin, around 1135
- Richard, 1143, 1166
- Heinrich I. Kolb
- Berchtold, 1197, † 1206
- Friedrich I, around 1221
- Henry II
- Wernher, † 1247
- Conrad I., 1247-1264
- Ulrich I., 1264-1273
- Henry III., 1274-1294
- Frederick II, 1298
- Conrad II, † 1355
- Ulrich II. Imhof, 1355-1371
- Ulrich III. Ursinger, 1371-1389
- Peter Fries, 1389-1412
- Erhard Prunner (Rothuet), 1412–1442, received the pontificals , but did not use them
- Johann I. Prunner, 1442-1470
- Ulrich IV. Schirm, 1470–1479
- Ulrich V. Protkorb, 1479–1493
- Augustin Dachauer, 1493–1505
- Sebastian, 1505-1516
- Servaz Waltenhofer, 1516-1537
- Ambros Katzboeck, 1537-1543
- Leonhard Mochinger, 1544–1545
- Paul Kretz, 1545-1572
- Albert Eisenreich, 1572–1575 administrator , 1575–1585 provost
- Johann II. Aigele, 1586–1604
- Caspar Schlaich, 1604-1618
- Wolfgang Carl, 1618-1631; 1628 received again the pontificals
- Benedict Mayr, 1631-1640
- Martin Riegg, 1640–1662
- Jakob Kipferle, 1662–1672
- George I. Mall, 1673–1693
- Dominicus Vent, 1693-1704
- Georg II. Riezinger, 1704–1721
- Aquilin I. Noderer, 1721-1728
- Innocenz Weiss, 1728-1748
- Gelasius Morhart, 1748-1768
- Aquilin II. Scheimberger, 1768–1778
- Gregor Rupprecht, 1778–1779
- Johann III. Sutor, 1779–1784, † 1806
- Johannes von Indersdorf , brother of Erhard Prunner (Rothuet)
7 Monasteries Way
The monastery is also a stop on the 7-Klöster-Weg , a cycle path that connects seven existing or former monasteries in the Dachauer and Wittelsbacher Lands . The aim of this 100 km long bike path is to bring the monasteries back to consciousness and make them tangible. The seven monasteries: Monastery Schönbrunn in Röhrmoos , Monastery Weichs , Kloster Indersdorf Kloster Petersberg , altomünster abbey , Kloster Maria Birnbaum in Sielenbach and monastery taxa in Odelzhausen .
- Friedrich Hector Graf Hundt : The documents of the monastery Indersdorf . Munich 1863, two volumes ( online ).
- Anna Andlauer: Back to life. The international children's center at Kloster Indersdorf 1945–46 . ANTOGO Verlag Nürnberg 2011, ISBN 978-3-938286-40-1 .
- Peter Stoll: Johann Georg Dieffenbrunner and the miracle workers of Indersdorf: A drawing in Budapest for the Totenrotel chronicle of the provost Gelasius Morhart. Augsburg, University, 2012 ( online ).
- Markus Sattler: On the foundation of the Augustinian Canons' Monastery in Indersdorf . In: Amperland , 1990, pp. 470-477. (PDF; 5.7 MB)
- Hildegard Zellinger-Kratzl, Congregation of the Sisters of Mercy of St. Vincent von Paul, Mother House Munich (ed.): 175 Years of Sisters of Mercy in Bavaria, 1832-2007 , Festschrift, Don Bosco Druck, Munich 2007, 320 p., Online on merciful. net (PDF; 4.4 MB)
- Georg Penzl: Monastery Chronicle , Indersdorf 1745, Codex Clm 28570 (Bavarian State Library)
Indersdorf Monastery , basic data and history:
Christine Riedl-Valder: Markt Indersdorf, Monastery of the Augustinian Canons - an atonement foundation of the Wittelsbach family in the database of monasteries in Bavaria in the House of Bavarian History
- Monastery Church of the Assumption
- Website ( memento of February 24, 2005 in the Internet Archive ) on the history of school and monastery on the Internet presence of Vinzenz von Paul Realschule , Indersdorf, therein
- Maria Beringer: Collection of literature and sources on the history of the Augustinian canons in Indersdorf ( Memento from January 29, 2005 in the Internet Archive )
- Bernhard Dietrich Haage: A previously unpublished letter from Johannes von Indersdorf. Everyday school life in the Middle Ages. In: Specialized prose research - Crossing borders. Volume 10, 2014, pp. 81-88.
- Zellinger-Kratzl, pp. 124-125
- Return to the place of childhood. In: sueddeutsche.de. January 31, 2012, accessed March 28, 2018 .
- Indersberg Monastery as DP Camp for Children on the website of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum ( archive version ( Memento from April 24, 2013 in the Internet Archive ))
- The UNRRA in the monastery of Indersdorf ( memento from January 29, 2005 in the Internet Archive ), representation in the online presence of the Realschule Vinzenz von Paul (section: School history, see: The post-war period - UNRRA)
- Zellinger-Kratzl, p. 222
- ZDF: From Hell to Life. The children of Indersdorf , trailer text repetition ard (December 10, 2010), 3sat (January 26, 2011)
- The children of Markt Indersdorf , trailer text repetition arte (January 21, 2020)
- Benjamin Emonts, Markt Indersdorf: The saved children of Indersdorf. In: sueddeutsche.de . December 10, 2015, accessed October 13, 2018 .
- Zellinger-Kratzl, pp. 222–225 as well as timeline, p. 299 (handover of secondary school there 1989)
- School history ( memento of January 29, 2005 in the Internet Archive ) on the website of the Realschule Vinzenz von Paul also mentions the year 1987.
- Archbishop's Ordinariate Munich: In addition to the FOS in Markt Indersdorf, there are three other diocesan technical colleges in the archdiocese: The FOS of the St. Matthias Foundation in Wolfratshausen-Waldram, the FOS in Freilassing and the FOS in Garmisch-Partenkirchen. Retrieved January 15, 2020 .
- Süddeutsche Zeitung: Markt Indersdorf: FOS is recognized by the state. Retrieved January 15, 2020 .
- Michael Hartig: Die Oberbayerischen Stifts , Volume I: The Benedictine, Cistercian and Augustinian canons . Publisher vorm. G. J. Manz, Munich 1935, , p. 208.
- The "7 Klöster Weg" in the Dachauer and Wittelsbacher Land ( Memento from 23 May 2015 in the Internet Archive ) - (Verwaltungsgemeinschaft Odelzhausen , accessed on 23 May 2015)
- Verena Buser: Review on hsozkult.de from February 21, 2012
- Maria Beringer: Codex Clm 28570, an unknown Indersdorfer monastery chronicle ( memento from January 29, 2005 in the Internet Archive ) on the website of the Vinzenz von Paul Realschule