|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Upper Bavaria|
|Height :||487 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||26.93 km 2|
|Residents:||5731 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||213 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||85778|
|Area code :||08133|
|License plate :||DAH|
|Community key :||09 1 74 121|
|Community structure:||9 parts of the community|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Peter Felbermeier ( CSU )|
|Location of the community of Haimhausen in the district of Dachau|
Haimhausen is the easternmost municipality in the Upper Bavarian district of Dachau and is located on the Amper . The place of the same name is both the capital and the seat of the municipal administration.
In terms of its natural surroundings, the Amper area of Haimhausen lies at the northern end of the Munich gravel plain . The Amper flows through the Tertiary Danube-Isar hill country and passes into the Freising district behind Haimhausen. Deposits after the Ice Age cover the Amperaue, in the area of the Haimhausen community it borders directly on the moor at the edge of the Munich gravel plain, the Dachauer Moos, in the south . The landscape around Haimhausen offers a diverse nature: springs, flowing and still waters, bog and moss areas, deciduous and coniferous forests, swamp forests, alluvial forests, bushes, hedges and field trees, wild grasslands and wasteland areas.
Due to the river regulations of the 19th and 20th centuries, many of the meandering rivers were cut off by main arms, resulting in many so-called backwaters and a diverse floodplain landscape . As a result of increasing arable farming and other intensive use, many floodplains were drained, the floodplain was displaced and destroyed. Nevertheless, the Amperaue around Haimhausen is still ecologically valuable and is home to extremely rare animals, plants and vegetation.
|Fahrenzhausen ( District of Freising )|
|Unterschleissheim ( District of Munich )||Eching ( Freising district )|
The municipality of Fahrenzhausen is located north of Haimhausen in the Freising district. Until the regional reform in 1972, Fahrenzhausen was part of the Dachau district. To the west lies the municipality of Röhrmoos. In the south the community borders on Unterschleissheim in the district of Munich. In the southeast, after the Maisteig, the municipality of Eching in the Freising district.
Haimhausen is close to the A9 and A 92 motorways and is connected to Pfaffenhofen and Munich via the B 13. The state and district roads run to the east and south-east into the Dachau district. In Eching and Unterschleissheim there is a connection to the MVV S-Bahn.
Distances from and to Haimhausen:
- Fahrenzhausen: approx. 5.5 km.
- Unterschleissheim: approx. 6.4 km.
- Eching: 7.8 km.
- Oberschleissheim: approx. 8.9 km.
- Röhrmoos: 11.8 km.
- Dachau: approx. 14.4 km.
- Munich Airport: approx. 19.1 km.
- Munich: approx. 23.9 km.
- Freising: 15 miles.
The Amperpettenbach and Haimhausen districts exist .
According to a legend, Haimhausen was founded by the brothers Heimo (→ Haimhausen), Petto (→ Amper (nearby river) + Petto + Bach = Amperpettenbach) and Indo (→ Inhausen).
Until 788, the Bavarian lands were ruled by the ducal family of Agilolfinger , who in turn divided the area into districts among the five most distinguished noble families. Our homeland belonged to the "Huosigau" (after the Huosi family). Haimhausen is a founding of this early period, because already in the year 772 it appears in a document as "Heiminhusir". Ottershausen appears as "Oathareshusir" in the year 793, between 883 and 906 Inhausen, and corn dough, which means "forest path", refers to the early Middle Ages . Haimhausen had a Schranne (court square) early on , where Gaugraf Luitpold held a court day in 829 .
Haimhausen has always been a noble seat and has been a Hofmark since the end of the 16th century . The complicated ownership structure in the Middle Ages shows that Haimhausen belonged to the Counts of Ottenburg-Grögling in the early days (Ottenburg near Daitenhausen). Increasing power and possession of the then still counts' house of Wittelsbach forced the remaining nobility more and more into a relationship of dependency. So our area came to the rich estates of the Counts of Scheyern (Wittelsbach) around the middle of the 12th century. Haimhausen was again owned by the Counts of Valley, a branch line of the Dachau Counts, until 1238. Here Konrad I had founded his own line "Scheyern-Dachau" under the Wittelsbach family, which, however, in 1192 with Count Konrad III. went out. His mother Adelheid sold the county for "10 marks gold and 900 pounds pfennigs " to Duke Otto I.
Ministrals, ie servants of the counts, i.e. administrative officials, were the nobles of Haimhausen, who can be traced back to the end of the 12th century. Ottershausen also had a noble seat, which was probably water-fortified. Inhausen has been known since early days as a place of pilgrimage to Our Lady. Duke Albrecht IV. Came here as a pious pilgrim and founded a chaplain with rich talent.
Today's parish church with the patronage of St. Nikolaus has only been documented since 1485.
The hereditary feuds in the Bavarian ducal house in the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries touched the area around Haimhausen; so burned u. a. on August 5, 1504 in the War of the Lower Bavarian Succession, the whole village was destroyed.
After Haimhausen had been a direct sovereign property from 1238, Duke Wilhelm V gave it to his court chamber councilor and rent master Theodor Viehbeck zu Habelspach, who thus became the progenitor of the later Counts of Haimhausen. Terror and hardship prevailed in the Thirty Years' War , when the Swedes besieged and captured Dachau in 1646 and 1648. In 1634/35 and 1649/50 the "Black Death", the plague , ruled the local area .
The Duke's offspring, Johann-Albert, received the title of Imperial Count in 1671 . His grandchildren were Count Karl and Count Sigmund . The former had the castle rebuilt by Jean Francois Cuvillies in 1747. After his death, Count Sigmund took over the Haimhauser property and was under Elector Max-Josef III. President of the Coin and Mining College and the Academy of Sciences . He also made a significant contribution to founding the Nymphenburg Porcelain Manufactory . Haimhausen then came through a female line of succession to Count Butler-Cloneborough, who took the name Butler-Haimhausen.
19th and 20th centuries
The landscape painter Bernhard Buttersack came to Haimhausen around 1895, attracted by the untouched moss landscape with its oxbow lakes and the tranquility and beauty of the place. In Ottershausen he had a spacious house built for himself, with a painting studio to the north. Soon he opened a private painting school that attracted many young artists. As a result, Haimhausen developed more and more into the Haimhausen artists 'colony , located near the large Dachau artists' colony . Max Bergmann , who worked in Haimhausen for more than 30 years and opened a private painting school there in 1925, was of great importance to the artists' colony . Some of his students were a .: Arthur Niso , Helene Harth , Alice Krüger and Hermann Koenemann . With the death of Paul Erbe , the small painters' colony also went out.
In 1998, Haimhausen Castle became the seat of the Bavarian International School.
On January 1, 1972, part of the former municipality of Amperpettenbach was incorporated.
Between 1988 and 2018 the municipality grew from 3,759 to 5,636 by 1,877 inhabitants or 49.9%.
The municipal council has 20 members. After the election to the municipal council on March 16, 2014 , the result led to the following distribution of seats:
|Party / list||Seats|
The first mayor is Peter Felbermeier (CSU). In the 2014 local elections, he was confirmed in office with 86.5% of the valid votes.
coat of arms
|Blazon : "Under a blue shield head, inside three vertical golden diamonds next to each other, in silver a black eagle."|
|Founding of the coat of arms: The old Hofmark Haimhausen had been closely related to the Wittelsbach family since the 13th century. This is indicated by the field colors silver and blue. The three golden diamonds and the eagle are taken from the Viepeck family coat of arms. Wolfgang Viepeck was in the service of Duke Albrecht V as the caretaker of Haimhausen and Chancellor of Landshut. In 1590, Duke Wilhelm V gave his son Theodor Viepeck the Haimhausen court mark. The diamonds in the Viepeck coat of arms allude to the proximity to the ducal house. The Viepeck rose to the rank of imperial count by 1692 and called themselves imperial counts of Haimhausen. The castle, built in the second half of the 17th century, is of art historical importance.|
Culture and sights
The most important building in the community is Haimhausen Castle with a late baroque castle chapel. However, these are not open to a general inspection.
The Haimhausen local history museum shows regionally related exhibits and exhibitions.
The garden of the palace has been home to the so-called "Haimhausen Quartet" since the 17th century - an impressive ensemble of multi-tiered linden trees.
The Amperauen habitat is a landscape and nature reserve with a rich flora and fauna, including endangered species. 65 hectares of land bordering the Amper and Schwebelbach rivers could be transferred to the public sector through purchase and lease (district of Dachau, municipality of Haimhausen, Bund Naturschutz and Landesverband für Vogelschutz in Bayern). Other areas were proposed as nature reserves. The landscape conservation associations Fürstenfeldbruck and Dachau ev look after the Amperauen, which belong to the Europe-wide Natura 2000 network.
- Haimhaus primary and secondary school: 291 students
- Bavarian International School: 935 students.
The Counts Viepeckh von Haimhausen
- Wolfgang Viepeckh had a special relationship of trust with Duke Albrecht V of Bavaria. Emperor Maximilian II awarded him the title of nobility and the coat of arms in 1571.
- Theodor Viepeckh von Haimhausen (1590–1626): The latter of his sons Christoph and Theodor also entered the service of the ruling house and in 1590 received the Haimhausen Hofmark from the Duke for special services. In 1603 the Haimhauser possessions passed into his family property when the Elector Maximilian I granted him full exemption from the feudal profession against the assignment of the reedwood.
- Johann Albrecht von Haimhausen (1626–1659): The property passed to the son of Theodor, Johann Albert. He too was in the service of the elector. His subsequent son received the title of baron in 1671.
- Franz Albrecht Freiherr von und zu Haimhausen (1659–1687): His firstborn son Maximilian had no offspring and died before his father in 1681.
- Franz Ferdinand of the Holy Roman Empire, Count von und zu Haimhausen (1687–1724): He was the third child of Baron Franz Albrecht. He was appointed to the imperial nobility in 1692.
- Karl Ferdinand Maria Reichsgraf von und zu Haimhausen (1724–1775): Count Karl had the palace in its current appearance rebuilt in the Rococo style by the well-known palace builder Francois de Cuvilliés and the palace chapel and the Bründl built.
- Sigmund Reichsgraf von und zu Haimhausen (1775–1793): Count Sigmund became the Bohemian chief mint master, founded the Nymphenburg porcelain factory and was appointed honorary president of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences.
Daughters and sons
- Sebastian Rinz (1782–1861), city gardener in Frankfurt am Main
- Gustav von Seyffertitz (1862–1943), actor (among others in Hollywood )
- Kerstin Dietrich (* 1984), actress, speaker and singer
With a connection to Haimhausen
- Max Bergmann (1884–1955), painter, lived in Haimhausen from 1912 until his death
- Hedwig von Branca (1890–1985), painter, second wife of Edgar Haniel von Haimhausen
- Bernhard Buttersack (1858–1925), painter, lived in Haimhausen from 1893 to 1914
- Paul Erbe (1894–1972), painter, lived in Haimhausen from 1922 until his death
- Edgar Haniel von Haimhausen (1870–1935), diplomat and former owner of Haimhausen Castle
- Max Hein-Neufeldt (1874–1953), painter, settled in Haimhausen after completing his studies
- Anton Graf von Monts (1852–1930), diplomat, died in Haimhausen
- Manfred Moosauer (* 1943), doctor and conservationist
- Adolf Schinnerer (1876–1949), professor, painter, graphic artist, draftsman for glass painting, illustrator and art writer; lived in the district of Ottershausen from 1921 until his death
- Official homepage of the community of Haimhausen
- Hans Schertl: Churches and chapels in the Haimhausen municipality
- Haimhausen: Official statistics of the LfStat
- Area supervision Ampertal of the landscape maintenance association FFB / DAH
- "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Haimhausen community in the local database of the Bavarian State Library Online . Bavarian State Library, accessed on September 11, 2019.
- community Haimhausen in the district of Dachau - The story of Haimhausen. Accessed January 1, 2020 .
- Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 443 .
- Council information. Haimhausen community, accessed on August 12, 2020 .
- Entry on the coat of arms of Haimhausen in the database of the House of Bavarian History
- Community Haimhausen in the district of Dachau - The coat of arms of the community Haimhausen. Accessed January 1, 2020 .
- Graefe, Rainer, 1941-: Buildings made from living trees: guided dance and court linden trees . Geymüller, Verl. For Architecture, Aachen [a. a.] 2014, ISBN 978-3-943164-08-4 .
- Community Haimhausen in the district of Dachau - community - figures and data. Accessed January 1, 2020 .
- Community Haimhausen in the district of Dachau - The Counts Viepeckh von Haimhausen. Accessed January 1, 2020 .