State election in Saxony 2014
In the state elections in Saxony in 2014 , the members of the Saxon state parliament were elected for the sixth legislative period on August 31, 2014 . The 60 constituencies have been redesigned. The state election took place on the last day before classes began after the summer school holidays; two weeks after the election, the state elections took place in Brandenburg and Thuringia . The turnout was a historically low 49.1 percent (only in the state elections in Saxony-Anhalt in 2006 , the turnout was still lower at 44.4 percent).
Official end result
The CDU achieved the largest share of the list votes with 39.4 percent and won almost all direct mandates (exception: constituency 28 Leipzig 2 went to the party Die Linke ). The Left and the SPD came in second and third with 18.9 percent and 12.4 percent, respectively. With 9.7 percent, the AfD moved into a state parliament for the first time. The Greens stayed in parliament with 5.7 percent. The NPD was unable to move in for the third time in a row: with 4.9 percent, it just failed the five percent hurdle - fewer than 900 votes were missing. The FDP , which had previously ruled together with the CDU , clearly missed re-entry into the state parliament with 3.8 percent of the votes, lost its last participation in government at the state level and thus also its influence in the Federal Council.
|Eligible voters||3,376,627||voter turnout|
|Direct votes||proportion of||Seats||List votes||proportion of||change||Seats||change|
|Animal welfare party||-||-||18,611||1.1||−1.0|
From the state election in 2009 , the CDU was like emerged from all elections since 1990 as the strongest force. At that time, Prime Minister Stanislaw Tillich transformed the cabinet from a black-red coalition to a black-yellow coalition. At the time of the state elections in 2014, this coalition was the only remaining CDU and FDP in Germany at state level and the only one in which the FDP was involved. A continuation of this coalition was questionable at the time of the election, as the FDP was mostly under the threshold clause ( five percent hurdle ) in election polls . The election campaign of the CDU was tailored to Tillich and, in the case of the FDP, to chairman Holger Zastrow , who did not hold any joint election campaign events with the FDP's national leadership.
The largest opposition party in Saxony was Die Linke . According to polls, there was only an option to appoint the Prime Minister in cooperation with the SPD and the Greens. However, this option was rejected beforehand by the other parties.
For the SPD and the CDU, the state elections in Saxony were the second mood test after the European elections , after they had again entered into a grand coalition at the federal level in 2013 . Despite the generally positive perception of the government's work to date, the SPD was hardly able to increase in surveys. The election campaign was tailored to the top candidate Martin Dulig , who also included his family in the election campaign.
The Alternative for Germany (AfD) appeared for the first time in a state election in Saxony. In the federal and European elections, the AfD was able to achieve its strongest nationwide result in Saxony. The party received more than ten percent of the vote in the European elections in Saxony.
In 2004 the NPD achieved its best result so far in a state election in Saxony. Since then, the values in surveys and elections in Saxony have tended to decline.
The following table shows the results of the previous elections in Saxony.
Animal welfare party
|Local election||05/25/2014||40.5%||16.5%||11.4%||4.1%||4.6%||5.4%||5.3%||0.2%||n / A.|
|Bundestag election||09/27/2013||42.6%||20.0%||14.6%||4.9%||3.3%||6.8%||3.1%||2.5%||n / A.|
Parties wishing to take part in the election had to submit their election proposals to the regional returning officer by June 26, 2014. Previously, parties that were not represented in the German Bundestag or a German state parliament on the basis of their own election proposals or were recognized as parties within the meaning of the party law in the last Bundestag election had to report their participation in the election by June 2, 2014. Three associations indicated their participation, of which only the German Social Union was recognized as a party within the meaning of the Political Parties Act.
Parties that were not represented in the Bundestag or in a state parliament had to submit 1,000 support signatures in order to be admitted to the state list; The signatures of 100 eligible voters were sufficient for a constituency nomination. On July 4th, the state election committee decided on the approval of the 15 state lists submitted.
The national lists of the following parties were eligible for election (in the order in which they appeared on the ballot):
|Abbreviation||Political party||Top candidate||Number of members|
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||Stanislaw Tillich||12,000|
|left||The left||Rico Gebhardt||9,686|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||Martin Dulig||4,588|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||Holger Zastrow||2,200|
|Green||Alliance 90 / The Greens||Antje Hermenau||1,370|
|NPD||National Democratic Party of Germany||Holger Szymanski||761|
|Animal welfare party||Human Environment Animal Welfare Party||Andreas Hantzsche||28|
|Pirates||Pirate Party Germany||Sandra Willer||805|
|BüSo||Civil rights movement Solidarity||Karsten Werner||80|
|DSU||German Social Union||Roberto Rink||110|
|AfD||Alternative for Germany||Frauke Petry||680|
|per Germany||Citizens' movement for Germany||Mirko Schmidt||296|
|Free voters||Free voters||Steffen Große||86|
|The party||Party for work, the rule of law, animal welfare, elite support and grassroots initiative||Tobias Göthert||360|
The state list of the party-free voters (DPFW) was not allowed to vote.
Stanislaw Tillich , CDU
Rico Gebhardt , left
Martin Dulig , SPD
Holger Zastrow , FDP
Antje Hermenau , Greens
Frauke Petry , AfD
Coalition statements before the election
The polls suggested that the CDU would once again become the strongest force in the Free State. In this case, the incumbent and, according to opinion polls, future Prime Minister Stanislaw Tillich (CDU) would lead the coalition negotiations. In addition to the SPD, the Greens also hoped for a coalition with the CDU. However, a black-green coalition was considered unlikely, since the Greens were fighting lignite mining in Saxony.
Shortly before the election, Tillich was able to imagine a coalition with the FDP, the SPD and the Greens. For Carsten Linnemann, the chairman of the CDU / CSU SME Association, a coalition with the Greens was a conceivable alternative if the FDP was not to make it into the state parliament. Tillich also did not rule out a coalition with the AfD, although the CDU's federal leadership had previously spoken out against it. After a CDU presidium meeting, General Secretary Peter Tauber reiterated the position that there could be no cooperation with the AfD for important reasons, which applies to the federal and state levels.
According to surveys, the Left was not considered by the CDU as the strongest opposition party. She wanted to form a coalition primarily with the SPD. The SPD is cautious to critical of such an alliance.
The CDU sounded out with the Greens and the SPD . The explorations between the Union and the Greens ended with no results, with the Greens citing energy policy and education policy as sticking points . As a result, Antje Hermenau resigned on September 20th. Coalition negotiations between the CDU and the SPD began on September 19. On November 9, 2014, the SPD announced that 82.2 percent of its members had approved the coalition agreement between the CDU and the SPD.
|Research group elections||08/28/2014||40.5%||19%||15%||3%||5.5%||5%||n / A.||7%||n / A.||5%|
|Infratest dimap||08/21/2014||40%||19%||14%||3.5%||6.5%||5%||n / A.||7%||n / A.||5%|
|Research group elections||08/21/2014||39%||20%||15%||3%||6%||5%||n / A.||7%||n / A.||5%|
|IN Field||08/09/2014||43%||20%||14%||3%||7%||3%||n / A.||5%||n / A.||5%|
|INSA||08/08/2014||40%||19%||14%||5%||5%||4%||n / A.||6%||n / A.||6%|
n. a .: not specified
|Institute||date||Survey methodology||Red-red-green||black||Black red||Black green||Black yellow||Black-blue|
|Infratest dimap||08/21/2014||very good / good
less good / bad
|uniQma||08/18/2014||Preference||25%||24%||24%||10%||9%||n / A.|
Note: The surveys by uniQma and Infratest dimap are not directly comparable, as they are each based on a different survey method. While uniQma asks for a coalition preference, Infratest dimap asks each coalition option individually.
Prime Minister preference
|Institute||date||Tillich (CDU)||Gebhardt (left)||Dulig (SPD)|
|Research group elections||08/31/2014||63%||14%||-|
|Research group elections||08/28/2014||65%||13%||-|
|Research group elections||08/21/2014||62%||14%||-|
The Saxons questioned answered in the affirmative to the following proportions as to whether they liked the top candidate:
|Institute||date||Tillich (CDU)||Dulig (SPD)||Hermenau (Greens)||Big (Free Voters)||Gebhardt (left)||Zastrow (FDP)||Petry (AfD)||Willer (pirates)||Szymanski (NPD)|
Actions to choose from
Due to the approval of the AfD state list despite the previous deletion of Arvid Samtleben by the AfD state board, the election was viewed as unconstitutional by the legal scholars Martin Morlok (University of Düsseldorf) and Sophie Schönberger (University of Konstanz). Morlok was of the opinion that there was no avoiding new elections. Schönberger explained: “The state election committee should have rejected the entire AfD list. The deletion of an elected candidate by the board for political reasons is a clear violation of the principle of intra-party democracy. ”A complaint by Samtleben against the changed AfD list had been rejected by the state election officer. Samtleben said at the time: “That was very surprising as there were no conversations between me and the people I trust. That means, they paint the landlord's way. ”AfD state chairwoman Frauke Petry had declared before the electoral examination committee that Samtleben's whereabouts on the list would have been“ an imposition for AfD members and especially for AfD voters ”. In addition, he lacked commitment and support in his district association. The Thuringian AfD state chairman Björn Höcke considered the incident to be a "formal error that Frauke Petry can easily eliminate by presenting the relevant evidence".
- Eckhard Jesse : The Saxon state elections on August 31, 2014: Caesura for the party system after the second, not large “grand coalition”? . In: Journal for Parliamentary Questions 46 (2015) 1, pp. 3–20.
- Election polls for the state elections in Saxony
- The Wahl-o-mat for the state elections in Saxony 2014
- State Statistical Office of the Free State of Saxony: State Election 2014 - results page Election to the 6th Saxon State Parliament , August 31, 2014
- Holger Zastrow: Saxony's FDP is campaigning without a federal party. In: zeit.de. July 25, 2014, accessed December 7, 2014 .
- Stefan Kaufmann: High flyers and break pilots. In: handelsblatt.com. August 5, 2014, accessed December 7, 2014 .
- Approval for the federal government at a record high. In: Spiegel Online. August 8, 2014, accessed December 7, 2014 .
- Stefan Schirmer: SPD Saxony: I am Martin. In: zeit.de. August 7, 2014, accessed December 7, 2014 .
- Fabian Reinbold: Much Germany, few alternatives. In: Spiegel Online. August 7, 2014, accessed December 7, 2014 .
- www.bundeswahlleiter.de ( Memento from October 21, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- Media information from the regional returning officer: End of the submission deadline - 15 parties and associations have submitted state lists
- Media information from the regional returning officer: 14 state lists of parties approved for state elections , accessed on July 21, 2014.
- Tillich does notcoalition talks with AfD. In: tagesspiegel.de. Retrieved December 7, 2014 .
- Parties: Union middle class boss Linnemann open to black and green. In: Focus Online. August 2, 2014, accessed December 7, 2014 .
- www.tagesschau.de ( Memento from August 27, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- Martin Machowecz: Red-Red Coalition: Are They Going Together? In: zeit.de. July 12, 2014, accessed December 7, 2014 .
- Wahlrecht.de : Election polls on the state elections in Saxony .
- www.forschungsgruppe.de ( Memento from August 21, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- www.heute.de ( Memento from September 5, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- www.heute.de ( Memento from August 21, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- www.lvz-online.de ( Memento from August 21, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- www.infratest-dimap.de ( Memento from August 20, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- Does Saxony have to re-elect because of Frauke Petry? Welt Online, October 15, 2016.