Riesenbeck

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Riesenbeck
City of Hörstel
Coat of arms of the former municipality of Riesenbeck
Coordinates: 52 ° 15 ′ 40 ″  N , 7 ° 37 ′ 25 ″  E
Height : 47 m above sea level NN
Area : 39.98 km²
Residents : 6456  (March 31, 2016)
Population density : 161 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : 1st January 1975
Postal code : 48477
Area code : 05454
Riesenbeck (North Rhine-Westphalia)
Riesenbeck

Location of Riesenbeck in North Rhine-Westphalia

Riesenbeck is a district of Hörstel on the southern slope of the beginning Teutoburg Forest in the Westphalian region of Tecklenburger Land ( Steinfurt district ).

geography

Located on the southern slope of the Teutoburg Forest , Riesenbeck borders the flatter Münsterland in the south . The Dortmund-Ems Canal and the Mittelland Canal meet near the town, at the Nassen Dreieck . In the Teutoburg Forest, north of Riesenbeck, there are the Bergeshöveder Berg , Riesenbecker Berg , Lagerberg and Birgter Berg .

The districts of Riesenbeck are Riesenbeck-Dorf, Birgte , Lage and Bergeshövede.

history

middle Ages

One of the first documentary evidence dates back to 965, from a residential area called Bergeshövede . The village of Riesenbeck (Risenbeke) was first mentioned in a document in 1074. It was a handover of a farm in Riesenbeck to Bishop Benno II of Osnabrück in favor of the Klemenskirche in Iburg from the noble Walo. With the acquisition of the Osnabrück high bailiwick in 1236 by Count Otto I. von Tecklenburg , Riesenbeck became part of the County of Tecklenburg . During this time, the Mecklenburg ministerial Konrad von Brochterbeck established the Gravenhorst monastery in 1256 .

In 1400 Riesenbeck fell to the monastery of Münster . This was the result of ongoing disputes between Count Nikolaus II of Tecklenburg and the powerful neighbors Münster and Osnabrück.

Modern times

In the course of secularization in 1803, Riesenbeck was added to the Kingdom of Prussia . In 1808 Riesenbeck fell to the Grand Duchy of Berg . After the end of Napoleonic rule, Riesenbeck became Prussian again and returned to the Tecklenburger Land in 1816 with the establishment of the Tecklenburg district .

Hörstel, which was part of the Riesenbeck parish until the 18th century, was spun off as an independent municipality on April 1, 1900. The town hall in Riesenbeck was inaugurated on July 21, 1959. Riesenbeck lost its independence as a separate political municipality in the course of the regional reform on January 1, 1975, but retained the seat of the city administration of the new city of Hörstel .

Mayor of the former municipality of Riesenbeck

Mayor of the former municipality of Riesenbeck until the incorporation on January 1st, 1975:

economy

The agricultural machinery manufacturer , the Niemeyer company, who has specialized in the production of plows in particular, has been based in Riesenbeck since 1888. The flight shares in the coat of arms of Riesenbeck refers to the long tradition of plow production.

Infrastructure

Indoor swimming pool

The municipal indoor swimming pool of the town of Hörstel is located in Riesenbeck. It opened in 1966.

schools

  • Sünte-Rendel primary school (village)
  • St. Bonifatius School ( Birgte )

The Sünte-Rende secondary school existed in Riesenbeck until July 14, 1992, and from that day on, Riesenbeck secondary school students had to attend the secondary school in Hörstel.

fire Department

The Riesenbeck volunteer fire brigade was founded in 1899. With the municipal reform on January 1, 1975, it became the Riesenbeck fire engine for the town of Hörstel.

Attractions

The center of the village is the St. Kalixtus Church , whose Romanesque west tower with its black roof dates from the 12th century. Inside the Catholic parish church is the Reinhildis grave slab, an early medieval Westphalian sculptural work.

The Surenburg moated castle with an old park is located southwest of Riesenbeck .

Personalities

Sons and daughters of the place:

  • Karl Grüter (born August 29, 1920 in Riesenbeck; † January 17, 2006), member of the North Rhine-Westphalian state parliament of the CDU 1970–1980
  • Werner Witthuhn (born December 4, 1926 in Riesenbeck, † June 1, 1981), painter and graphic artist
  • Norbert Strotmann (born August 14, 1946 in Riesenbeck), Catholic bishop, 1992 auxiliary bishop in Lima / Peru, 1997 bishop of the newly founded diocese of Chosica (Lima-East)
  • Karl-Josef Laumann (born July 11, 1957 in Riesenbeck), from 2005 to 2010 Minister of Labor and Social Affairs in North Rhine-Westphalia
  • Thomas Bühner (born April 13, 1962 in Riesenbeck), cook

Other personalities:

  • Robert Kronfeld (born May 5, 1904 in Vienna; † February 12, 1948 near Lasham), glider pilot, took off from Riesenbecker Berg on May 15, 1929 on the world's first long-distance glider
  • Constantin Freiherr Heereman von Zuydtwyck (born December 17, 1931 in Münster; † July 26, 2017), politician, former Member of the Bundestag and President of the German Farmers' Association , lived in the Surenburg house
  • Ludger Beerbaum (born August 26, 1963 in Detmold), successful show jumper and Olympic champion, lives and trains in Riesenbeck
  • Marco Kutscher (born May 2, 1975 in North / East Friesland), successful show jumper and Olympic champion, lives and trains in Riesenbeck
  • Peter Niemeyer (born November 22, 1983 in Mettingen), soccer player with Bundesliga club SV Darmstadt 98 , started playing soccer with SV Teuto Riesenbeck

literature

  • Author collective: Riesenbeck. From the past and present of a Münsterland village . Published in the Reinheldis commemorative year 1962 by the Heimatverein Riesenbeck. Riesenbeck 1962.
  • Reinhard Niehoff, Klaus H. Peters, Georg Pistorius: Hörstel: photographic impressions. Bevergern, Dreierwalde, Hörstel, Riesenbeck . Lammert, Hörstel-Riesenbeck 1992.

Web links

Commons : Riesenbeck  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ City of Hörstel, residents' registration office
  2. Stephanie Reekers: The regional development of the districts and communities of Westphalia 1817-1967 . Aschendorff, Münster Westfalen 1977, ISBN 3-402-05875-8 , p. 276 .
  3. In Ibbenbürener Volkszeitung on July 23, 1999: "It was a great day of joy for us"
  4. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 318 .
  5. https://archiv.ivz-aktuell.de/index4.php?id=18987&pageno=13 In Ibbenbürener Volkszeitung on March 1, 1974: "Josef Möllers died"; accessed on October 3, 2018
  6. Homepage Niemeyer Agrartechnik GmbH ( Memento of the original from November 27, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.niemeyerweb.de
  7. In Ibbenbürener Volkszeitung from October 25, 2018: "Indoor swimming pool Riesenbeck counts 50,000 visitors annually"
  8. ^ "Sünte-Rendel-Hauptschule will be closed today." Ibbenbürener Volkszeitung from July 14, 1992
  9. Internet presence of the fire brigade Hörstel-Löschzug Riesenbeck [1]