|Nickname : Home of President Abraham Lincoln|
Illinois Houses of Parliament in Springfield
|Location in Illinois|
|Foundation :||April 10, 1821|
|State :||United States|
|County :||Sangamon County|
|Time zone :||Central ( UTC − 6 / −5 )|
- Metropolitan Area :
|115,715 (as of 2016)
210,015 (as of 2016)
|Population density :||826.5 inhabitants per km²|
|Area :||156 km² (approx. 60 mi²) of
which 140 km² (approx. 54 mi²) is land
|Height :||182 m|
|Postal code :||62701|
|Area code :||+1 217|
|GNIS ID :||426595|
|Mayor :||J. Michael Houston (R)|
In 2010 Springfield had 116,250 residents.
The city was originally called Calhoun, named after Senator John C. Calhoun . In 1832 it changed its name to Springfield. The area of today's city was first settled by whites around 1818. Springfield has been the capital of Illinois since 1837. In 1838 the Potawatomi Trail of Death ran through Springfield; it was a forced death march by the Potawatomi Indians.
During the Civil War , Springfield played an important role for the Northern States . The Illinois regiments were trained here. Including those who achieved a winning streak between 1861 and 1862 under the leadership of General Grant .
Camp Butler , 11 kilometers northeast of Springfield, was a training camp but also a prisoner of war camp . While businessmen made money from the soldiers, citizens of the city complained of wrongdoing by soldiers who were not on duty. After the war, Springfield became an important transshipment point in the US railroad. The mining industry was also the city's largest employer. In 1908 there were racist riots in which seven uninvolved blacks were murdered. This crime led to the creation of the NAACP . On March 12, 2006, Springfield was hit by two tornadoes , which wreaked havoc.
Five structures and sites in Springfield have National Historic Landmark status , including the Lincoln Home National Historic Site , Lincoln's Tomb, and the Old State Capitol . 63 buildings and sites in the city are listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) (as of November 3, 2018).
The city has numerous landmarks associated with the 16th President of the United States , Abraham Lincoln . Lincoln founded a law firm here in 1837 with attorney John T. Stuart and was also buried in Springfield. The Illinois State Capitol , the State Museum, and other buildings related to Springfield's function as the state capital can also be viewed. The Dana Thomas House, which was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright , is also open to the public within certain opening times. In August, Springfield hosts the Illinois State Fair , a fairground display of agricultural and industrial products.
The city is a center of trade and finance and is located in one of the most fertile grain growing and ranching regions in the United States . Springfield's industrial operations produce machinery, convenience foods, hardware, electrical appliances, building materials, paints and mattresses.
|Source. US Census Bureau|
According to the 2010 census , Springfield had 116,250 people in 50,714 households. The population density was 830.4 inhabitants per square kilometer. Statistically, 2.23 people lived in each of the 50,714 households.
The racial the population was composed of 75.8 percent white, 18.5 percent African American, 0.2 percent Native American, 2.2 percent Asian and 0.7 percent from other ethnic groups; 2.6 percent were descended from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race was 2.0 percent of the population.
22.9 percent of the population were under 18 years old, 62.8 percent were between 18 and 64 and 14.3 percent were 65 years or older. 52.8 percent of the population was female.
sons and daughters of the town
- Ed Barrow (1868-1953), manager
- Douglass Cadwallader (1884–1971), golfer
- June Christy (1925–1990), singer
- Barrett Deems (1914-1998), jazz drummer and band leader
- John Porter East (1931–1986), politician
- John Baptist Franz (1896–1992), Bishop of Peoria
- David Hammons (born 1943), artist
- Andre Iguodala (* 1984), basketball player
- William Jayne (1826-1916), politician
- Nicholas Vachel Lindsay (1879–1931), writer
- Albert Johnson (1869–1957), Member of the House of Representatives from Washington
- Robert Todd Lincoln (1843–1926), politician
- Louis Paul Lochner (1887–1975), journalist and author of numerous books
- George Lott (1906-1991), tennis player
- Sarah Danielle Madison (1974-2014), film actress
- Seth Barnes Nicholson (1891–1963), astronomer
- Martin J. Oberman (* 1945), lawyer and member of the Surface Transportation Board
- Robin Roberts (1926-2010), baseball player
- James H. Slater (1826–1899), politician and member of Congress
- Dave Spina (born 1983), ice hockey player
- Joey Sternaman (1900–1988), American football player and coach
- Kevin William Vann (* 1951), Bishop of Orange
- Stephen Verona (1940–2019), screenwriter, film director and film producer
- Bobby Watson (1888-1965), actor
- Dave Wolverton (born 1957), writer
- William Fitzsimmons (* 1978), singer-songwriter
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Springfield, Illinois
- US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 11, 2015
- Camilla A. Quinn, "Soldiers on Our Streets: the Effects of a Civil War Military Camp on the Springfield Community." Illinois Historical Journal 1993 86 (4): 245-256.
- Chicago Commission on Race Relations (1919); Crouthamel (1960); Senechal (1990)
- Obama: I'm running for president . Chicagotribune.com. February 10, 2007. Retrieved March 12, 2012.
- List of NHL by State . National Park Service , accessed November 3, 2018.
- Search mask database in the National Register Information System. Park Service , accessed November 3, 2018.
- Decenniel Census of Population and Housing Retrieved on January 9, 2013