Willendorf (Merkendorf)

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City of Merkendorf
Coordinates: 49 ° 12 ′ 31 ″  N , 10 ° 40 ′ 30 ″  E
Height : 443 m above sea level NHN
Residents : 112  (Jan 1 1991)
Postal code : 91732
Area code : 09826

Willendorf is a district of the town of Merkendorf in the Ansbach district in Middle Franconia .


The Braungartenbach flows through the village, which splits into various streams after Merkendorf and flows together with other streams, which are all left tributaries of the Altmühl . At Willendorf the Waldgraben, Weihergraben and Waldeckgraben flow as right tributaries of the Braungartenbach. In the northeast is the Kreuth corridor, in the southwest the tub wood is adjacent.

A community road leads to Kleinbreitenbronn (1 km north) or to federal road 13 at Triesdorf train station (0.3 km south-east). Another communal road leads past the Weißbachmühle to Merkendorf to state road 2220 (2 km east).


Count Konrad von Oettingen and Hermann Rindsmaul sold goods to the Heilsbronn monastery in 1274 and 1305 . In 1331 the monastery received goods from Magister Peregrinus as a gift. In total, the monastery acquired four properties.

In the 16-point report of the Heilsbronn Vogtamt Merkendorf from 1616, 3 farms are specified for Willendorf, which were subordinate to the Merkendorf administrator's office. The properties of other landlords are not listed. The Merkendorf administrator's office alternated with the municipal bailiff's office in Eschenbach of the Teutonic Order , exercising municipal law and pastoral staff. The Fraisch held the Brandenburg-Ansbach caste and city bailiff's office in Windsbach . During the Thirty Years War , all of these properties became deserted.

From 1797 to 1808 the place was under the judiciary and chamber office of Ansbach . At that time there were 11 subject families, 4 of which were Ansbachian.

As part of the community edict, Willendorf was assigned to the Großbreitenbronn tax district formed in 1808 . It also belonged to the rural community of Großbreitenbronn , which was founded a little later . On May 1, 1978, Willendorf was incorporated into Merkendorf as part of the municipal reform.

On the outskirts of Merkendorf there is a private biogas plant that has been supplying the public buildings of the town of Merkendorf (e.g. school, fire station and medical center) with district heating since 2007 .

Between 2009 and 2011, a village square was laid out and the sewer system replaced as part of the village renewal .

Architectural monuments

  • House no. 4: Residential stable house
  • House no. 10: Residential stable house. Relief with an iron cross. Knife, ploughshare, monogram MH and the year 1789

Building description: → List of architectural monuments in Merkendorf (Middle Franconia) #Willendorf

Population development

year 001818 001840 001861 001871 001885 001900 001925 001950 001961 001970 001987 001991
Residents 74 75 81 83 91 72 116 199 147 103 107 112
Houses 14th 14th 19th 17th 20th 25th 30th 25th


The inhabitants of Willendorf are predominantly Protestant and parish according to Our Lady in Merkendorf. The residents of Roman Catholic denomination are parish to Liebfrauenmünster (Wolframs-Eschenbach) .


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ A b Karl Huber: Community data for January 1, 1991. In: Festschrift for the inauguration of the town hall and the herb fountain - City of Merkendorf - October 25, 1991. Merkendorf 1991, p. 22.
  2. Willendorf in the Bavaria Atlas
  3. a b G. Muck, Vol. 2, p. 481.
  4. State Archives Nuremberg , 16-point-reports 25, 33. Quoted from M. Jehle, Vol. 2, p. 743.
  5. M. Jehle, Vol. 2, p. 743.
  6. M. Jehle, Vol. 2, p. 740.
  7. Johann Bernhard Fischer : Wüllendorf . In: Statistical and topographical description of the Burggraftum Nürnberg, below the mountain, or the Principality of Brandenburg-Anspach. Second part. Containing the economic, statistical and moral condition of these countries according to the fifteen upper offices . Benedict Friedrich Haueisen, Ansbach 1790, p. 28 ( digitized version ).
  8. JK Bundschuh, Vol. 6, Col. 298.
  9. HK Ramisch, p. 143. Monument protection meanwhile lifted, object possibly torn down.
  10. Only inhabited houses are given. In 1818 these were designated as fireplaces , in 1840 as houses , and from 1871 to 1987 as residential buildings.
  11. Alphabetical index of all the localities contained in the Rezatkkreis according to its constitution by the newest organization: with indication of a. the tax districts, b. Judicial Districts, c. Rent offices in which they are located, then several other statistical notes . Ansbach 1818, p. 103 ( digitized version ).
  12. Eduard Vetter (Ed.): Statistical handbook and address book of Middle Franconia in the Kingdom of Bavaria . Self-published, Ansbach 1846, p. 157 ( digitized version ).
  13. ^ Joseph Heyberger, Chr. Schmitt, v. Wachter: Topographical-statistical manual of the Kingdom of Bavaria with an alphabetical local dictionary . In: K. Bayer. Statistical Bureau (Ed.): Bavaria. Regional and folklore of the Kingdom of Bavaria . tape 5 . Literary and artistic establishment of the JG Cotta'schen Buchhandlung, Munich 1867, Sp. 1023 , urn : nbn: de: bvb: 12-bsb10374496-4 ( digitized version ).
  14. Kgl. Statistical Bureau (ed.): Complete list of localities of the Kingdom of Bavaria. According to districts, administrative districts, court districts and municipalities, including parish, school and post office affiliation ... with an alphabetical general register containing the population according to the results of the census of December 1, 1875 . Adolf Ackermann, Munich 1877, 2nd section (population figures from 1871, cattle figures from 1873), Sp. 1189 , urn : nbn: de: bvb: 12-bsb00052489-4 ( digital copy ).
  15. K. Bayer. Statistical Bureau (Ed.): Localities directory of the Kingdom of Bavaria. According to government districts, administrative districts, ... then with an alphabetical register of locations, including the property and the responsible administrative district for each location. LIV. Issue of the contributions to the statistics of the Kingdom of Bavaria. Munich 1888, Section III, Sp. 1120 ( digitized version ).
  16. K. Bayer. Statistical Bureau (Ed.): Directory of localities of the Kingdom of Bavaria, with alphabetical register of places . LXV. Issue of the contributions to the statistics of the Kingdom of Bavaria. Munich 1904, Section II, Sp. 1187 ( digitized version ).
  17. Bavarian State Statistical Office (ed.): Localities directory for the Free State of Bavaria according to the census of June 16, 1925 and the territorial status of January 1, 1928 . Issue 109 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1928, Section II, Sp. 1225 ( digitized version ).
  18. Bavarian State Statistical Office (ed.): Official place directory for Bavaria - edited on the basis of the census of September 13, 1950 . Issue 169 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1952, DNB  453660975 , Section II, Sp. 1055 ( digitized version ).
  19. Bavarian State Statistical Office (ed.): Official city directory for Bavaria, territorial status on October 1, 1964 with statistical information from the 1961 census . Issue 260 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1964, DNB  453660959 , Section II, Sp. 775 ( digitized version ).
  20. ^ Bavarian State Statistical Office (ed.): Official place directory for Bavaria . Issue 335 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1973, DNB  740801384 , p. 169 ( digitized version ).
  21. Bavarian State Office for Statistics and Data Processing (Ed.): Official local directory for Bavaria, territorial status: May 25, 1987 . Issue 450 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich November 1991, DNB  94240937X , p. 329 ( digitized version ).