August Friedrich von Itzenplitz

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August Friedrich von Itzenplitz (April 1693 - September 25, 1759 in Stettin ) was a Prussian lieutenant general and knight of the Order of the Black Eagle . He was hereditary lord on Hönnepel , Ober- and Nieder-Mörmter in the Duchy of Kleve and on Gut Jerchel in the Altmark .



His parents were Balthasar Friedrich von Itzenplitz and his first wife Katharina Sophie von Itzenplitz auf Grieben and Jerchel. The Prussian major general Joachim Christian Friedrich von Itzenplitz was his younger half-brother.


In 1709 he joined the "Regiment Varenne on foot" (No. 12) as a commoner . With him he fought in the War of the Spanish Succession . He was there in July 1709 at the conquest of Dornick and on September 21, 1709 at the Battle of Malplaquet . Until the Peace of Utrecht in 1713 he still had a few opportunities to distinguish himself. In 1715 he became an ensign and took part in the Pomeranian campaign in 1715/1716 . In 1717 he was promoted to second lieutenant and in 1720 to prime lieutenant . In 1724 he became a captain and company commander in the "Graf Dönhoff" infantry regiment (No. 13) . The king now sent him to advertise abroad, so he came through the empire , to Switzerland , Austria , Hungary and Italy . He became major on February 21, 1737 . In 1739 he was transferred to the “Borck on foot regiment” (No. 29) . When Friedrich Wilhelm I was mustering the regiment , his company was noticed . The king gave him 3,000 thalers and gradually gave him the prelature of Cammin - which he sold again - and two 500 thalers. In the first Silesian War he was in the battle of Mollwitz and on May 1, 1741 became a lieutenant colonel . On May 17, 1742 in the Battle of Chotusitz he was hit by a bullet which smashed his tobacco can. On January 24, 1745 he became a colonel and on June 4, 1745 he was in the battle of Hohenfriedberg . After the battle he became commander of the "Hoe on foot regiment" (No. 1) and received the Pour le Mérite in July . In 1748 he became a member of the Berlin Service Commission . On December 5, 1750, he was appointed major general and on November 3, 1751, he was given the "Schwerin on foot regiment" (No. 13) . In the battle of Lobositz on October 1, 1756, he commanded a brigade consisting of the regiments on foot "Schwerin" and "Manteuffel" (No. 17) . During the subsequent siege of Prague he fought under the command of James Keith and covered the retreat of the Prussians from Bohemia to Silesia . In the battle of Rossbach he again led a brigade with which he was able to conquer 5 guns. When the king's army went to Silesia, Itzenplitz came back under the command of Keith in Saxony . He carried out several actions here, such as the burning of the Leitmeritz bridge . On January 23, 1758 he was appointed lieutenant general and joined Prince Henry's army . When his army united with that of the king, Itzenplitz stayed with a corps of 12,000 men near Dresden . He was commissioned to protect Saxony against the Austrians and the Imperial Army . This was so successful that he received the Order of the Black Eagle for it . In 1759 he advanced against the Imperial Army in Bamberg and returned with a lot of booty and prisoners. On August 12, 1759 he commanded the right wing of the army near Kunersdorf - there he was injured right from the start - he was grazed over the head, when his horse was shot, his foot was crushed, and then he was shot in the left shoulder and ultimately one in the right hand. At first he commanded with the saber in his left hand until, weakened by the loss of blood, he sagged from the horse and was bandaged. He stayed at the first aid station until the Prussian army had to withdraw. He came to Stettin via Küstrin , where he died on September 25, 1759.

His name was immortalized in 1851 on one of the plaques on the equestrian statue of Frederick the Great .


He was married to Charlotte Sophia von Viereck († 1770) since September 5, 1739 . She was the daughter of Finance Minister Adam Otto von Viereck . Of the couple's children, one son and one daughter survived.

  • Friedrich Wilhelm Gottfried (* 23 August 1740; † 1772), heir to Gross- and Klein-Behnitz as well as to Jerchel, Canon of Havelberg ⚭ 1760 Auguste Luise von Eickstedt (* 7 November 1749; † 10 July 1821) from Schanderberg in Jutland.
  • Charlotte Amalie Elisabeth (September 9, 1742; † 1801) ⚭ Johann Christoph von Woellner (1732–1800)


Individual evidence

  1. In König (April 1693), Lange (1693) and Friedländer (April 1693), in Priesdorff on the other hand March 15, 1691 in Jerchel, see: Lit.
  2. ^ With Carl August Ludwig von Eickstedt: Family book of the dynastic family of the von Eickstedt in Thuringia, Pomerania and Silesia. 1860, p. 252 ( digitized version ) his name is Moritz Friedrich.