|Surname||Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas|
|Seat||Rio de Janeiro - Botafogo , Brazil|
|president||Carlos Eduardo Pereira|
|First soccer team|
|Head coach||Alberto Valentim|
|Venue||Estádio Olímpico João Havelange , also called "Engenhão"|
Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas , commonly known in German-speaking countries as Botafogo FR , is a sports club based in the Brazilian metropolis of Rio de Janeiro . The club derives its international reputation primarily from its football department. World stars like Garrincha and Nílton Santos made the club famous and successful from the beginning of the second half of the last century.
The club, which was founded in the Botafogo district of the same name in Rio de Janeiro, is one of the four major football clubs in the city and one of the most traditional in Brazil . In December 2000 he was voted twelfth among the great clubs of the 20th century by readers of FIFA magazine.
Botafogo's big city rivals are Flamengo , Fluminense and Vasco da Gama . The games against Fluminense are referred to as Clássico Vovô (Grandpa Classic), as this is considered the oldest derby in Rio. The first game between the clubs was played on October 22, 1905 and ended 6-0 for Fluminense.
The club symbol is a white star on a black background. The team has played in black and white striped jerseys and black trousers since it was founded.
On July 1, 1894, the Clube de Regatas Botafogo was founded as a rowing club in the Botafogo district and soon became one of the most successful of its kind in Rio. At the time, rowing was the most popular sport in Brazil. Flamengo and Vasco da Gama were also founded as rowing clubs at this time.
Ten years later, on August 12, 1904, a football club was founded in Botafogo: the Electro Club . In the same year the club changed its name to Botafogo Football Club and had the same colors (black and white) and the same emblem as the rowing club. The BFC was one of the eight teams that played the first Rio championship in 1906 and won the Campeonato Carioca in 1907, 1910 and 1912. In 1913 on March 13, the BFC played its first game against later local rivals Flamengo . This was lost 1-0. Further state championships were to follow from 1930. In 1942, the football club and the Botafogo rowing club finally merged under the name Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas .
Botafogo had its most glorious period when Garrincha , whom many in Brazil still consider the best Brazilian footballer of all time, was signed in 1953. With Didi , Nílton Santos and Mário Zagallo , three other world champions played for Botafogo from 1958 and 1962 , while Amarildo became world champion in 1962 as a substitute for Pelé . Didi was voted best player of the respective tournaments in 1958 and Garrincha in 1962. In 1968 Botafogo won the Taça Brasil and thus his first championship title.
The next generation of players also had outstanding players. In the Brazilian team that became world champions in 1970, Gérson and Jairzinho played for Botafogo. The 1970s Seleção was coached by Mário Zagallo , who had been the coach of Botafogo until a few months before the start of the World Cup, the Brazilian association dismissed the then national team coach João Saldanha and hired Zagallo instead.
The club began to decline in the 1970s. The stars were sold, as was the club headquarters, which was given up under unexplained circumstances and could only be bought back in 1993. With the temporary change to the other side of the Guanabara Bay , to the neighboring city of Niterói , which is just a suburb of Rio , the club lost its identity for many fans. A peculiarity in the 70s was the period from October 16, 1977 and July 16, 1978, when Botafogo remained unbeaten in 42 games. The club have 25 wins and 17 draws.
In 1989, 1990 and 1997 Botafogo managed to win the Rio State Championship again . Two more of the greatest successes came in the 1990s. After winning the South American Copa Conmebol , comparable to the European UEFA Cup , in 1993 , Botafogo won the Brazilian championship for the second time in 1995 .
In 2002, the club rose from bottom of the table from the first division. In the following year the ascent succeeded. Botafogo's placements then fluctuated between midfield and relegation, even if the club qualified three times in a row from 2005 to 2007 for the Copa Sudamericana , the successor to the Copa Conmebol, and won the Rio de Janeiros state championship in 2006. After more years of mediocrity, 2014 saw the second relegation in the club's history. Again Botafogo managed to get promoted back to the Série A.
Botafogo plays its home games at the Estádio Olimpico Nilton Santos . The stadium was rebuilt for the 2007 Pan American Games and rebuilt for the 2016 Summer Olympics . The stadium, known colloquially as "Engenhão", has a capacity of around 47,000 spectators.
In previous decades, the club played its home games at the Estádio de General Severiano in Botafogo, which held 20,000 spectators. The stadium, inaugurated in 1913, was demolished in 1977. In exceptional cases there were also home games at the Maracanã .
Like all Brazilian football clubs, Botafogo has its mascot. For a long time it was the cartoon character Donald Duck , called Pato Donald in Brazil . In 1991, however, the Walt Disney group suddenly asked for license fees. The duck has since been officially replaced by the Manequinho , a statue in front of General Severiano's club headquarters , which bears a strong resemblance to the Brussels landmark Manneken Pis , although "Manequinho" in derivative images covers at least the upper body with a Botafogo jersey and also proper soccer shoes and neck wears.
Most popular with the fans, however, is the dog Biriba , who already provided loyal service in the successful 1940s, but has not officially been used as a mascot since his death in 1958. The dog itself is often recognized as the animal symbol of Botafogo FR, for which Botafogo fans are also known as Cachorrada ( Portuguese , " pack of dogs").
- Copa Conmebol : 1993
- Rio-Sao Paulo Tournament : 1998
- National Championship of Rio de Janeiro : 1907 (together with Fluminense ), 1910, 1912, 1930, 1931, 1932, 1934, 1935, 1948, 1957, 1961, 1962, 1967, 1968, 1989 (undefeated), 1990, 1996, 1997, 2006, 2010, 2018
- Torneio Início do Campeonato Carioca : 1934, 1938, 1947, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1967 and 1977
- Taça Guanabara : 1967, 1968, 1997, 2006, 2009, 2010
- Taça Rio : 1975, 1976, 1989, 1997, 2007, 2008, 2010
|12.||Gérson dos Santos||371||2||1945-1956|
|13.||Wilson Gottardo||354||13||1987-1990, 1994-1996|
|Record goal scorers|
|4th||Heleno de Freitas||209||235|
|10.||Dino da Costa||144||176|
- Octávio Werneck (1906, 1908–1909), 1906 as head of a "technical commission"
- Mário Aleixo (1918), first paid coach at Botafogo.
- Ramón Platero (1927, 1928), first foreign coach with Botafogo.
- Nicolas Ladanyi (1930–1933), Championship of Rio 1930, 1932
- Izidor Kürschner (1939–1940), also master with Nuremberg and Grasshopper Zurich.
- Carvalho Leite (1941–1942, 1942–1943, 1950–1951, 1951–1952)
- Ondino Viera (1947)
- Ifigênio de Freitas Bahiense "Geninho" (1949–1950, 1955, 1956–1957, 1964–1965)
- Zezé Moreira (1954–1955, 1955–1956, 1977)
- Mário Zagallo (1967–1970, 1974–1975, 1978, 1986), also world champion coach 1970.
- Paulo Autuori (1986, 1995, 1998, 2001), Brazilian champion 1995.
- Carlos Alberto (1993–1998, 2002–2003)
- Joel Santana (1997-1998, 2000, 2010)
- Sebastião Lazaroni (2000-2001)
- Eugênio Machado Souto "Geninho" (2008)
- Marcos Paquetá (2018)
- First game against Flamengo, report on memoriasdoesporte.com.br from September 4, 2018, page in portug., Accessed on September 4, 2018
- Unbeaten in 42 games , report on memoriasdoesporte.com.br of August 28, 2018, page in portug., Accessed on August 30, 2018
- Que fim levou Biriba - Ex-mascote do Botafogo-RJ. uol.com.br, accessed January 12, 2020 (Portuguese).
-  Statistics page from Botafogo (portug.)