City of Herborn
|Height :||226 (225-298) m above sea level NHN|
|Residents :||1997 (Jun. 30, 2018)|
|Incorporation :||January 1, 1977|
|Postal code :||35745|
|Area code :||02772|
Burg is located immediately north of the core city. To the west, the federal highway 45 and to the east, the federal highway 255 and the federal highway 277 pass the place. Burg has a stop on the Dill route . In Burg, the Aar and Amdorfbach (Ambach) flow into the Dill.
The place was settled early; the discovery of a grave from the Merovingian era suggests this. Burg was first mentioned in 1263, in connection with the local nobility of the same name at that time. The sex is documented from 1206 to the end of the 14th century. There were two crossed sticks in the coat of arms, which were supposed to represent maces.
The place name is derived from a large castle, which was built in the early Middle Ages on the "Breiten Berg" and probably served to further secure the nearby old Dernbacher ancestral castle . It is possible that the old court of justice of the Herborner Mark was at this point above the Dill , and the castle was supposed to secure the rule of the Lords of Dernbach in the Mark. The castle was probably destroyed at the beginning of the Dernbach feud and not rebuilt. Today only remains are preserved. In the old town center there was a Nassau estate and a mill. Industrialization began around 1818 with the establishment of a smelting and hammer mill . The Burger Eisenwerke specialized in oven and stove construction (brand name: Juno ). The company was north of Dillenburg. Today, however, the company premises are only used by small companies. After Juno, Electrolux had its production in the Burger Eisenwerke (Burger Hütte).
The chapel on the Breiten Berg is the landmark of Burg.
Burg used to have a direct rail connection for passenger and freight traffic through the Herborn – Montabaur railway line (Westerwaldquerbahn), but this has been closed and largely dismantled.
In the course of administrative reform in Hesse on 1 December 1970, the previously independent municipalities were Amdorf and Uckersdorf on a voluntary basis in the town of Burg incorporated , in turn, on 1 January 1977. by the law on the restructuring of Dill circle counties Giessen and Wetzlar Pour the city with the city of Herborn and other previously independent municipalities to the new city Herborn together was. For the district of Burg, as for the other incorporated, formerly independent communities, a local district with a local advisory board and local mayor was set up.
Territorial history and administration
The following list gives an overview of the territories in which Burg was located and the administrative units to which it was subordinate:
- before 1739: Holy Roman Empire , County / Principality of Nassau-Dillenburg , Herborn office
- from 1739: Holy Roman Empire, Principality of Nassau-Diez , Herborn Office
- 1806–1813: Grand Duchy of Berg , Department of Sieg , Canton of Herborn
- 1813–1815: Principality of Nassau-Orange , Herborn office
- from 1816: German Confederation , Duchy of Nassau , Herborn office
- from 1849: German Confederation, Duchy of Nassau, Herborn district office
- from 1854: German Confederation, Duchy of Nassau, Herborn Office
- from 1867: North German Confederation , Kingdom of Prussia , Province of Hessen-Nassau , Administrative Region of Wiesbaden , Dillkreis
- from 1871: German Empire , Kingdom of Prussia, Province of Hessen-Nassau, administrative district of Wiesbaden, Dillkreis
- from 1918: German Empire, Free State of Prussia , Province of Hessen-Nassau, Administrative Region of Wiesbaden, Dillkreis
- from 1932: German Empire, Free State of Prussia, Province of Hesse-Nassau, District of Wiesbaden, District of Dillenburg
- from 1933: German Reich, Free State of Prussia, Province of Hessen-Nassau, Administrative Region of Wiesbaden, Dillkreis
- from 1944: German Empire, Free State of Prussia, Nassau Province , Dill District
- from 1945: American occupation zone , Greater Hesse , Wiesbaden district, Dillkreis
- from 1949: Federal Republic of Germany , State of Hesse , Wiesbaden district, Dillkreis
- from 1968: Federal Republic of Germany, State of Hesse, administrative district Darmstadt , Dillkreis
- On December 1, 1970, the communities of Amdorf, Burg and Uckersdorf were merged to form the newly formed community of Burg.
- On January 1, 1977, Burg were incorporated into the city of Herborn as a district.
- from 1977: Federal Republic of Germany, State of Hesse, Darmstadt administrative district, Lahn-Dill district
- from 1981: Federal Republic of Germany, State of Hesse, Gießen administrative district , Lahn-Dill district
|Burg: Population from 1834 to 2018|
|Data source: Historical municipality register for Hesse: The population of the municipalities from 1834 to 1967. Wiesbaden: Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt, 1968. |
Further sources:; after 1970: City of Herborn: population figures
Source: Historical local dictionary
|• 1885:||607 Protestant (= 98.22%), 11 Catholic (= 1.78%) residents|
|• 1961:||1437 Protestant (= 72.10%) and 512 Catholic (= 25.69%) residents|
The Evangelical Church of Burg is a listed building.
Economy and Infrastructure
- The city bus route 503 ensures local public transport .
- The district once had three train stations, of which only the Burg (Dillkr) Nord stop is operated today, see Herborn # Verkehr .
- Burg district. In: Internet presence. City of Herborn
- Burg, Lahn-Dill district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Literature about castle in the Hessian bibliography
- Numbers, data, facts. In: website. City of Herborn, archived from the original ; accessed in February 2019 .
- Incorporation of the communities of Amdorf and Uckersdorf into the community of Burg, Dillkreis on November 30, 1970 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (Ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1970 No. 50 , p. 2339 , item 2339 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 4.8 MB ]).
- Law on the restructuring of the Dill district, the districts of Gießen and Wetzlar and the city of Gießen (GVBl. II 330–28) of May 13, 1974 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1974 No. 17 , p. 237 ff ., § 21 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 1,2 MB ]).
- Karl-Heinz Meier barley, Karl Reinhard Hinkel: Hesse. Municipalities and counties after the regional reform. A documentation . Ed .: Hessian Minister of the Interior. Bernecker, Melsungen 1977, DNB 770396321 , OCLC 180532844 , p. 296 .
- Main statute § 5. (PDF; 160 kB) In: Website. City of Herborn, accessed February 2019 .
- Burg, Lahn-Dill district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of October 16, 2018). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. State of Hesse. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Population of the city of Herborn in the web archive: 1997, 1999 ; 2001, 2003 ; 2008-2010 ; 2014 ; 2018
- Burg local board on the city of Herborn's website, accessed in February 2017.