|Creation time :||around 1166|
|Castle type :||Hilltop castle|
|Conservation status:||Burgstall, trench remains|
|Standing position :||Nobles|
The castle Bermatingen is a Outbound hilltop castle near the village of Bermatingen in Bodenseekreis in Baden-Wuerttemberg . Remains of the castle hill and moat are still preserved from the former castle complex.
On the ridge of the Bermatingen castle stalls , which is close, but not on the Schloßbühl , there are two medieval castle sites .
The obviously older facility is a smaller tower hill on the northern steep slope to the Klimsenbach. The Burgstall forms an oval of around seven to eight meters and is secured against the plateau by two neck ditches . It has a noticeable depression in its interior.
The facility is obviously older than the Burgstall, as the pre-moat is broken through by a recently heavily disturbed approach obstacle to the Burgstall, which is about 100 meters further south-west.
The castle stable, which was obviously built later, is initially secured by the heavily worn and increasingly damaged approach obstacle, which cuts into the outer fore ditch of the tower hill at its northern end. The southern end of this obstacle ends under an old tree and then disappears. Only the ditch goes beyond the forest path and tree and is also lost in the not particularly steep embankment.
About 35 meters to the west of this rampart rises a castle stable, which is still steeply sloping today. It is secured against the plateau by two arched ditches and disturbed in the northern area by forest roads. The slopes are very steep, what the dating of the plant in the 12th / 13th centuries. Century based.
There are no reliable written sources or findings for either of the two systems. Due to the type of construction and the state of preservation, they are apparently the 12./13. Century. It seems likely that the local nobility settled here. In 1166 a Burkhard von Bermatingen is mentioned on a document, in 1266 and more frequently in the 13th century, Herren von Bermatingen can be found on documents. The last mention was made in 1303 by Rudolf von Bermatingen , 1390, when the Salem Bermatingen Monastery took over from the Ittendorf taverns, the castles were no longer mentioned, they had obviously already fallen in desolation.
- Michael Losse (Ed.): Castles, palaces, aristocratic residences and fortifications on Lake Constance and the Upper Rhine. Volume 1.2: Eastern part around Meersburg, Immenstaad, Friedrichshafen, Bermatingen, Markdorf and Deggenhausertal . Michael Imhof Verlag, Petersberg 2013, ISBN 978-3-86568-812-5 , pp. 19-22.
- Alois Schneider: Castles and fortifications in the Lake Constance district. In: Landesdenkmalamt Baden-Württemberg (Ed.): Find reports from Baden-Württemberg . Volume 14. 1st edition. E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart 1989, ISBN 3-510-49114-9 , pp. 525-527.
- Entry on Bermatingen Castle in the private database "Alle Burgen".
- Alois Schneider: Castles and fortifications in the Lake Constance district . Ed .: Landesdenkmalamt Baden-Württemberg (= Fund reports from Baden-Württemberg . Volume 14 ). 1st edition. E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagbuchhandlung , 1989, ISBN 3-510-49114-9 , ISSN 0071-9897 , p. 525-527 .