Free State of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen

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Free State of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
coat of arms flag
Coat of arms is missing Flag of the Free State of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
Situation in the German Reich
Localization is missing, location maps are possibly  still in progress.
Arose from Principality of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
Incorporated into State of Thuringia
Data from 1919
State capital Sondershausen
Form of government republic
Consist 1918-1920
surface 862 km²
Residents 92,692 inhabitants
Population density 108 people / km²
Religions 97.7% Ev.
1.9% Roman Catholic
0.4% others
Reichsrat 1 vote
License Plate SS
administration 2 districts and 2 independent cities
Map of the Free State of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen

The Free State of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen emerged from the Principality of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen after the First World War . It existed from November 1918 until it was merged with six other free and people's states to form Thuringia on May 1, 1920.


On November 12, 1918, the 1912 last selected urged parliament the Princely State Government unanimously to submit a draft a new law on the right to vote, and decided to set up a transitional body a provincial government. This consisted of the President of the Landtag Harald Bielfeld ( DDP ), the MPs Wilhelm Bärwinkel ( USPD ) and Ottokar Keil ( DNVP ) as well as two members "who enjoy the trust of the people" - Friedrich Eck (USPD) and Emil Zorn , chairman of the special houses workers - and soldiers' council. On November 25, 1918, Prince Günther Victor abdicated for the Principality of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen after he had signed the law with the necessary amendments to the state constitution, which the state parliament approved on the same day. The regional council together with the ministry had executive power. At the same meeting, the state parliament declared Schwarzburg-Sondershausen a “social people's state”.

In December 1918, a severance payment agreement was concluded with Prince Günther Victor about his property and financial situation. The chamber property with an area of ​​24,600 hectares became the property of the state. The former ruler a lifetime annual pension of 210,000 marks, rights of use and ownership were the main content of Sondershausen locks and Miter awarded and hunting rights in his former Chamber of Forestry.

In the state elections on January 26, 1919, the USPD won an absolute majority of votes and seats. On April 1, 1919, a new state constitution, the only constitution of a Thuringian state without reference to provisionality, was passed. This contained, among other things, a new municipal code and a new right to vote . A day later, the state government was elected in accordance with the new constitution. It consisted on the one hand of civil servant members, the Minister of State Theodor Bauer and the State Councilor Ernst von Nesse, on the other hand of parliamentary members, namely Wilhelm Bärwinkel (USPD), who was the first of the elected non-civil servants to bear the title of Minister of the People, Harald Bielfeld (DDP), Friedrich Eck (USPD) and Josef Heer (USPD). On December 13th, Theodor Bauer resigned after differences with the majority of the state parliament and was replaced by Ernst von Nesse. Bärwinkel and the previous government councilor Wilhelm Toelle were elected as further civil servant members of the ministry. The new minister of the people was Bruno Bieligk .

On 19 June 1919, the parliament of Black-Sondershausen approved the merger of the Thuringian States to, with a minority for connecting the sub-rule of Prussia voted. In February 1920, a new church constitution came into force, which for the first time laid down the separation of church and state in the country.

With the establishment of the state of Thuringia on May 1st, 1920, the Free State of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt formally ceased to exist as a sovereign federal state. The “Law on the Administration of the Former Thuringian Lands in the Transitional Period” of December 9, 1920 finally transformed the Free State into a higher-order municipal association with regional representation and regional government, which was finally repealed on April 1, 1923.

Election to the first state parliament

  • Election date: January 26, 1919
  • Seats in the state parliament: 16
Political party Result Seats
DDP 16.05% 3
DNVP 15.32% 2
List of officials 5.79% 1
USPD 62.85% 10


  • Jochen Lengemann , Andrea Kirchschlager: State Parliament of the Free State of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen and Sondershausen regional representative. In: Harald Mitteldorf (Red.): The forgotten parliaments. State parliaments and regional representations in the Thuringian states and areas 1919 to 1923 (= writings on the history of parliamentarism in Thuringia , Volume 19). Published by the Thuringian Parliament. Hain, Rudolstadt u. a. 2002, ISBN 3-89807-038-7 , pp. 209-232.

Individual evidence

  1. a b c The Free State of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen overview .
  2. ^ The Free State of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen Elections 1919–1920 .