Historical Museum Basel
The Basel Historical Museum (HMB) is one of the largest and most important museums of its kind in Switzerland and is one of the five state museums in Basel . The main part of the collection is exhibited in the Barfüsserkirche in the center of the city of Basel . From June 1, 2017 to August 2020, Marc Fehlmann, who holds a doctorate in art history, was director.
The museum is an independent institution , its sponsor is the canton of Basel-Stadt . It emerged in 1894 from the Medieval Collection created in 1856 . The origins of it, however, as the Kunstmuseum Basel , in the bourgeois art chamber of Amerbach family in the 16th century.
The Basel Historical Museum consists of three exhibition halls in the center of the city of Basel: Basel Historical Museum - Barfüsserkirche in the Barfüsserkirche, Basel Historical Museum - Music Museum in Lohnhof and Basel Historical Museum - Haus zum Kirschgarten in Haus zum Kirschgarten . A fourth exhibition house, the Museum of Horsepower, formerly a carriage and sleigh collection in a barn at Villa Merian on the Brüglingen level, had to be closed in 2016 because the exhibition building was no longer available.
Historical Museum Basel - Barfüsserkirche
The mendicant order of the Franciscans built the late Gothic Barfüsserkirche in 1298 . But when the Franciscans gave up the church as a result of the Reformation of 1529, it was gradually profaned and used for other purposes. Since the middle of the 19th century, the former church has even served as a salt and goods store . When Basel's candidacy for the location of a Swiss National Museum failed, the Historical Museum was established in the Barfüsserkirche in 1894. In order to gain floor space, galleries were moved into the aisles . Between 1975 and 1981, the museum had to be restored because of the salt residue that was still in effect and the collection was reorganized. The side galleries were torn out and the church interior was resacralized . In addition, the museum items on display were reduced and some of them relocated to the newly created basement.
The exhibition in the Barfüsserkirche shows evidence of the art of handicrafts and everyday culture . The focus is on the Middle Ages and the Renaissance up to the Baroque period . It offers an insight into the history of the city of Basel and that of the Upper Rhine region.
Particularly noteworthy are:
- the Basel cathedral treasure
- the Basel and Strasbourg tapestries ( Flachsland carpet and others)
- the fragments of the Basel dance of death
- the altars and church sculptures
- the estate of the Erasmus of Rotterdam
- the Amerbach and Faesch chambers of art and curiosities
- the coin cabinet
- the stained glass
- the objects of goldsmithing and other branches of the handicraft / trade
- the furniture
- the burgundy booty and weapons .
Historisches Museum Basel - Haus zum Kirschgarten
The house in the cherry orchard was built between 1777 and 1780 for the "Bändelherren" ( silk ribbon manufacturer ) and Colonel Johann Rudolf Burckhardt . The house, whose architect Ulrich Büchel was, is considered to be the most elegant bourgeois palace in Basel. After various changes of ownership, the house was set up as a residential museum in 1951, connected to the neighboring house, the small cherry orchard.
Half of the fifty exhibition rooms are dedicated to bourgeois living spaces in Basel from the 18th and 19th centuries. There are also important specialist collections.
Especially worth seeing are:
- the furnishings from Basel town houses with their furniture, paintings , Basel silverware and toys
- the Strasbourg faience
- the clocks of Western European manufacturing centers from the 15th to the 19th century
- the Physikalisches Kabinett of the University of Basel
Historical Museum Basel - Music Museum
In the city center on the Barfüsserplatz, opposite the Barfüsserkirche, is the complex of medieval canons pen St. Leonhard . From 1669 the wage Men (head over the there were construction ) located, which is why the complex Lohnhof means. From 1835 to 1995 the buildings served as a remand prison . This required major renovations and extensions, including from 1852 to 1855 and 1897. After the prison was abolished, the Lohnhof was converted into apartments , a hotel and the music museum between 1996 and 2000 . The music museum was opened in 2000. It occupies the former cell wing .
Five centuries of European music history are shown in twenty-one cells , with the following three main focuses:
- 650 instruments from the 16th to 20th centuries
- Concert , chorale and dance
- Parade , celebration and signal
In 2017, the museum was accused of stiff visitor numbers. Those people who only visited the café or even only entered the church were counted as visitors. Director Fehlmann said: "We no longer count the movements of people that have been recorded with a motion detector for over ten years." As a result, a decrease in the numbers of around two thirds was estimated.
As of 2018, the museum's climate and safety conditions no longer meet international standards. Therefore, the museum had to outsource exhibitions that place high demands on the exhibits. Director Fehlmann assured that work would be done to eliminate these disadvantages.
- Literature from and about the Basel Historical Museum in the catalog of the German National Library
- Historical Museum Basel
- Historisches Museum Basel (Museum of Horsepower) at Google Cultural Institute
- Elisabeth Ackermann, Head of the Presidential Department, introduces Dr. Marc Fehlmann, director of the Basel Historical Museum. Media release, Presidential Department of the Canton of Basel-Stadt, August 6, 2020.
- Olivier Joliat, Dominique Spirgi: Historical Museum fizzled its visitor numbers for years. TagesWoche, Basel, November 24, 2017, accessed on August 20, 2019 .
- Mathias Balzer, Marc Krebs: Director of the Basel Historical Museum: "Everything will be fine". Marc Fehlmann. In: bz - newspaper for the Basel region. AZ Newspapers AG, Basel, December 1, 2018, accessed on August 20, 2019 .