Johann Friedrich Böhmer

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Johann Friedrich Böhmer, 1845
(oil painting by Amélie de Barrelier )
Honorary grave of Johann Friedrich Böhmer

Johann Friedrich Böhmer (born April 22, 1795 in Frankfurt am Main ; † October 22, 1863 there ) was a German historian and archivist . He was the founder of the Regesta Imperii and is considered a co-founder of diplomacy .


Böhmers father was from Two Bridges derived wild- and Rhine Count Councilor in Grumbach and Lauterecken Carl Ludwig Böhmer, who in 1792 before the French occupation initially to Wetzlar emigrated and from there to Frankfurt and got a job as a municipal office director. Boehmer's mother was Juliane Wilhelmine von Hofmann (1768–1844), a daughter of the procurator Caspar Friedrich von Hofmann .

Johann Friedrich spent his childhood and youth in great isolation and suffered from shyness and fear all his life . He harbored a romantic longing for the imperial era and the empire , which he carried over to Bavaria , Austria and the Catholic Church . Although he came from a Protestant family, under the influence of friends such as Clemens Brentano and Joseph Görres he developed a deep aversion to Protestantism and especially to Prussia , which he saw as the main obstacle to the establishment of imperial unity. Nevertheless, he could never make up his mind to convert .

Böhmer attended the municipal high school and the Lyceum Carolinum in Frankfurt. He did not complete his law studies in Heidelberg and Göttingen , which he began in 1813 at the request of his father. Rather, on the advice of his friends, when his father died in 1817, he decided to travel to Italy . He came into contact with Rome- based artists from the Nazarene group , namely Peter von Cornelius , Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld and Johann David Passavant , and now devoted himself entirely to the study of ancient art. He became friends with Joseph Eutych Kopp . During his student days he became a member of the Teutonia Heidelberg fraternity in 1814 and, in 1817, of the Association for German History , a forerunner of the Göttingen fraternity .

In 1822 he returned to Frankfurt because he was appointed to the administration of the Städel Art Institute . In 1823 he made the acquaintance of Freiherr vom Stein , who persuaded him to join the Society for Older German History and appointed him Secretary of the Central Directorate of the Monumenta Germaniae Historica (MGH), which Böhmer took over management together with Georg Heinrich Pertz in 1824 . In this he finally found his life's work. He founded the Regesta Imperii with his collection of German imperial and royal documents, originally planned as preliminary work for the MGH .

In 1825 he became Frankfurt city archivist and in 1830 city ​​librarian . From 1845 he was a member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences . The Bavarian Academy of Sciences , he belonged to an external member. In 1853 he was elected a member of the Göttingen Academy of Sciences .

Böhmer died on October 22nd, 1863. He is buried in the Frankfurt main cemetery. The grave is a listed building and is designated as an honor grave . According to him, a street in Frankfurt was Westend named as the district Frohnhausen in food .


Over the years he published numerous compilations of documents and sources from the early Middle Ages, including a.

  • Regesta chronologico-diplomatica regum atque imperatorum Romanorum 911-1313 (Frankfurt 1831)
  • The documents of the Roman kings and emperors from Conrad I to Henry VII, 911–1313. Franz Varrentrapp. Frankfurt am Main 1831
  • The imperial laws from 900 to 1400 verified by Johann Friedrich Böhmer. F. Varrentrapp. Frankfurt 1832
  • Regesta chronologico-diplomatica Karolorum. The documents of all Carolingians in short extracts (Frankfurt 1833),
  • Codex diplomaticus Moeno-Francofurtanus. Document book of the imperial city of Frankfurt (Frankfurt 1836)
  • The Fontes rerum Germanicarum (Stuttgart 1843–1868) are a collection of original documents on German history from the 13th and 14th centuries. New edition under ISBN 9781147061628
    • Volume 1: Johannes Victoriensis and other historical sources of Germany in the fourteenth century. JG Cotta'scher Verlag. Stuttgart 1843
    • Volume 3: Martyrium Arnoldi [Archiepiscopi Moguntini] and other historical sources in Germany in the twelfth century Stuttgart 1843
    • Volume 2: Hermannus Altahensis and other historical sources of Germany in the thirteenth century. Stuttgart 1845 (including the Sindelfingen annals )
  • A series by Regesta Imperii
    • Regesta imperii inde from anno MCCCXIIII [sic!] Usque ad annum MCCXLVII [(1314–1347)]: The documents of Emperor Ludwig of Bavaria , King Frederick the Fair and King John of Bohemia. Reprint: Siegmund Schmerber. Frankfurt 1859
    • Additamentum primum ad regesta imperii inde ab anno MCCCXIIII usque ad annum MCCCXLVII .: First supplement to the regests of Emperor Ludwig of Bavaria and his time 1314–1347. Siegmund Schmerber. Frankfurt am Main 1841
    • Regesta imperii inde from anno MCCXLVI usque ad annum MCCCXIII: The regests of the empire under Heinrich Raspe, Wilhelm, Richard, Rudolf, Adolf, Albrecht and Heinrich VII: 1246-1313. JG Cotta'scher Verlag. Stuttgart 1844
    • Regesta imperii inde from anno 1198 usque ad annum 1254 Stuttgart: JG Cotta'scher Verlag 1849
  • Wittelsbach regests from the acquisition of the Duchy of Bavaria up to 1340 (Stuttgart 1854)


Web links

Commons : Johann Friedrich Böhmer  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Sabine Hock : Böhmer, Carl Ludwig. In: Frankfurter Personenlexikon online edition , status of article 28 July 2017.
  2. ^ Members of the previous academies. Johann Friedrich Böhmer. Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities , accessed on February 24, 2015 .
  3. Member entry of Johann Friedrich Böhmer at the Bavarian Academy of Sciences , accessed on December 31, 2016.
  4. Holger Krahnke: The members of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen 1751-2001 (= Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Philological-Historical Class. Volume 3, Vol. 246 = Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Mathematical-Physical Class. Episode 3, vol. 50). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2001, ISBN 3-525-82516-1 , p. 43.