Kempen district in Poznan
The Kempen district in Posen on the south-eastern edge of the Prussian province of Posen existed from 1887 to 1920. The former district area is now part of the Polish Greater Poland Voivodeship . The district of Kempen in Posen (or from 1941 district of Kempen (Wartheland) ) was also a German administrative unit in occupied Poland (1939–1945) during the Second World War .
The Kempen district in Poznan had a total area of 458 km².
On December 27, 1918, the Greater Poland uprising of the Polish majority against German rule began in the province of Posen , but the district remained under German control. On June 28, 1919, with the signing of the Versailles Treaty , the German government ceded the Kempen district in Posen to the newly founded Poland. On November 25, 1919, Germany and Poland concluded an agreement on the evacuation and surrender of the areas to be ceded, which was ratified on January 10, 1920. The evacuation by German troops and handover to Poland took place between January 17th and February 4th 1920.
Of the population in 1890, about 80% were Poles, 15% Germans and 5% Jews. A large part of the German population left the area after 1920.
The Kempen district in Posen was part of the Posen 10th Reichstag constituency . The constituency was won in all Reichstag elections between 1874 and 1912 by Ferdinand von Radziwill , the candidate of the Polish parliamentary group .
At the beginning of the 20th century the following communities belonged to the district:
At the beginning of the 20th century, several place names were Germanized.
The district of Kempen (Wartheland) in occupied Poland (1939–1945)
During the Second World War, the German occupation authorities formed the administrative unit Landkreis Kempen in Posen in the administrative district of Posen (from May 21, 1941: Landkreis Kempen (Wartheland) ). The annexation of the area by the German Reich on October 26, 1939, as a unilateral act of violence, was ineffective under international law. Most of the Jewish residents were murdered by the German occupying forces. The German occupation ended with the invasion of the Red Army in January 1945.
- 1939 Hans Neumann
- 1939–1942 Hans Neumann
- 1942–1945 Otto Lehmann
During the German occupation in World War II, only Kempen in 1941 and Schildberg in 1942 received city rights according to the German municipal code of 1935, the other municipalities were combined into administrative districts.
During the German occupation in World War II, the place names valid in 1918 were initially adopted by an unpublished decree of December 29, 1939, but the local occupation authorities soon made “wild” Germanizations. On May 18, 1943, all places with a post or train station were given “German” names, mostly a matter of phonetic adjustments, translations or free inventions.
Larger municipalities in the Kempen district (Wartheland):
|Polish name||German name (1815-1920)||German name (1939-1945)|
|Donaborów||Donaborov||At the river|
Grabenau 1943–1945 Gremben
|Łęka Mroczeńska||Lenka Mroczenska||Langenmoor|
|Słupia pod Kępnem||Slupia||
Peasant Army 1943–1945 Wischnau
- District of Kempen administrative history and the district administrators on the website territorial.de (Rolf Jehke), as of August 16, 2013.