The district of Posen existed from 1793 to 1807 in the Prussian province of South Prussia and from 1815 to 1887 in the south of the Prussian province of Posen . The former district area is now essentially part of the Poznański powiat in the Polish Greater Poland Voivodeship .
After the Third Partition of Poland from 1793 to 1807, the area around the western Polish city of Posen belonged to the Posen district in the Prussian province of South Prussia. Through the Peace of Tilsit the area came to the Duchy of Warsaw in 1807 and now formed a powiat of the Posen prefecture. After the Congress of Vienna on May 15, 1815, the district fell again to the Kingdom of Prussia and became part of the Poznan administrative district of the Poznan Province.
During the Prussian administrative reforms , a district reform was carried out in the Posen administrative district on January 1, 1818, during which the Posen district was significantly reduced. The western part of the district became the new Buk district . The district town and seat of the district office was the city of Posen, which remained independent.
- 1793–1800 Franz von Krzycki
- 1800–1802 August von Brause
- 1803– Stephan Alexander von Zychlinski
- 1818–1824 Michael von Neymann
- 1831–1834 by Zawadzki
- 1834–1841 by Hohberg
- 1841–1848 Julius von Minutoli (1804–1860)
- 1849–1862 Hans Friedrich Otto von Benekendorff and von Hindenburg
- 1862–1870 Carl Gustav Wocke
- 1870–1875 Christian Julius von Massenbach (1832–1904)
- 1875–1887 Emil von Tempelhoff (1840–1908)
The Posen District together with the independent city of Posen formed the Posen 1 Reichstag constituency . The constituency was won by candidates from the Polish parliamentary group in all elections to the Reichstag between 1871 and 1887 :
The two cities Schwersenz and Stenschewo belonged to the Posen district . The rural communities and manor districts were initially grouped into (smaller) Woyt districts (Polish “wójt” = German “Vogt”) and later in larger police districts.
In 1871 the following communities belonged to the district:
- Old Demantschewo
- Ceradz Koscielny
- Cerek jokes
- Czerwonak village
- Czerwonak Hauland
- Daschewitz II
- Dembno village
- Dembno colony
- Glowno, village
- Glowno, colony
- Great Starolenka
- Little Starolenka
- Naramowitz Hauland
- New Demantschewo
- Neudorf Hauland
- Rosnowo Hauland
- Saint Lazarus
- Schwersenz, village
- Schwersenz , city
- Stenschewo , city
- Zakrzewo Hauland
The district of Poznan in occupied Poland (1939–1945)
During the Second World War , the German occupation authorities formed the district of Posen in occupied Poland . The annexation of the area by the German Reich on October 26, 1939 , as a unilateral act of violence, was ineffective under international law. The German occupying power murdered the Jewish population and expelled a large part of the Polish population. The newly settled Germans fled again towards the end of the German occupation. The German occupation ended with the invasion of the Red Army in January 1945.
- 1939 Hans Gehrels (1904–1998)
- 1939–1943 Hans Gehrels
- 1943–1945 Harry Siegmund (1910–2009) ( substitute )
During the German occupation in World War II , only Schwersenz received city rights in 1943 according to the German municipal code of 1935, the other municipalities were grouped together in administrative districts .
- Gustav Neumann : Geography of the Prussian State . 2nd edition, Volume 2, Berlin 1874, pp. 150-151, item 11.
- Royal Statistical Bureau: The municipalities and manor districts of the Prussian state and their population. Edited and compiled from the original materials of the general census of December 1, 1871. Part IV: The Province of Posen , Berlin 1874, pp. 58-69 ( e-copy, pp. 65-76 ).
- ACA Friedrich: Historical-geographical representation of old and new Poland . Berlin 1839, pp. 568-570.
- Leopold von Zedlitz-Neukirch : The state forces of the Prussian monarchy under Friedrich Wilhelm III . Volume 2, part 1, Berlin 1828, p. 104, number XIII.
- M. Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. District Posen Ost. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006)
- M. Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Posen West district. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006)
- District of Poznan administrative history and the district administrators on the website territorial.de (Rolf Jehke), as of August 17, 2013.
- Historical, statistical, topographical description of South Prussia, 1798
- Walther Hubatsch (ed.): Outline of German administrative history 1815-1945. Johann Gottfried Herder Institute, Marburg / Lahn; Volume 2, Part 1: Province of Poznan. edited by Dieter Stüttgen, 1975, ISBN 3-87969-109-6
- ACA Friederich: Historical-geographical representation of old and new Poland . Stuhrsche Buchhandlung, Berlin ( digitized version [accessed on August 8, 2018]).
- Ferdinand Hirt: The Weichselzopf. Represented according to statistical and physiological relationships . 1843 ( digitized ).
- The municipalities and manors of the Posen Province and their population in 1871
- 1890 census results for the Posen East and Posen West districts as a reference point
- Rolf Straubel : Biographical manual of the Prussian administrative and judicial officials 1740–1806 / 15 . In: Historical Commission to Berlin (Ed.): Individual publications . 85. KG Saur Verlag, Munich 2009, ISBN 978-3-598-23229-9 .
- Historical Society for the Province of Posen (Ed.): Documents and files on the history of the organization of South Prussia . S. 188 ( digitized version ).