from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Road of regional importance

MKAD Москва.svg

Moskovskaya kolzewaja avtomobilnaja doroga
Basic data
Overall length: 108.9 km
Moscow Moscow Moscow Oblast
Moscow Oblast 
Overview of the MKAD (1994)
Overview of the MKAD (1994)
MKAD map (Moscow after expansion of the urban area in 2012)
MKAD map
(Moscow after expansion of the urban area in 2012)
Traffic jam on the MKAD
Motorway intersection of the MKAD with the M2 in southern Moscow

MKAD ( Russian МКАД , short for Московская кольцевая автомобильная дорога / Moskowskaja kolzewaja awtomobilnaja doroga ; German Moscow motorway ring ) is the name of the motorway ring around Moscow . It was completed in 1962 and has a length of 108.9 km. Originally it was predominantly four-lane and still had a few level crossings. In the mid-1990s, it was expanded into a ten-lane motorway in sections, with the right-hand lanes being partly used by local public transport buses.

The maximum permitted speed on the MKAD is 100 km / h.


The construction of the motorway began at the end of 1956 at Jaroslawler Chaussee . The first section was opened to traffic in 1960.

In 1962 the whole ring was passable. The motorway ring originally consisted of two double lanes, each 7 meters wide. On the route, the Moskva is crossed twice:

  • Bessedinski most: 1960, Ing.RM Galperin, Arch. GI Kornejew
  • Spasski most: 1962, Ing.WD Wassiljew, Arch. KP Saweljew

Until 1980 the ring also represented the city limits of Moscow, this changed after 1980, when municipalities outside the MKAD were incorporated, such as the Zelenograd administrative district .


Today, some residential areas and airport areas far outside the MKAD officially belong to the area of ​​the Russian capital. In the mid-1990s, the MKAD was renovated on the initiative of the Moscow mayor and expanded to five lanes in both directions, the median was provided with concrete boundaries. The MKAD starts at the height of the Entusiastow road. Today the ring road is often overloaded, which is attributed to the dimensioning of the exits and too little space for emergency vehicles.


km into town out of town direction
1 Symbol Autobahnkreuz.svg M7 E22 Shot Entusiastov Nizhny Novgorod
2 Symbol Autobahnausfahrt.svg uliza pobedy Reutov
4th Symbol Autobahnausfahrt.svg Kettscherskaya ulitsa Novovichinskoye shot Schelesnodoroschny , Elektrougli
7th Symbol Autobahnausfahrt.svg uliza Moldagulovoi Novouchtomskoye shot Kossino-Uchtomski
8th Symbol Autobahnausfahrt.svg Ryazansky prospectus Lermontowski prospectus Lyubertsy
11 Symbol Autobahnkreuz.svg M5 E30 Volgogradsky prospectus Novoryazanskoye shot Bykovo Airport (formerly) Aiga departingflights.svg, Ryazan
14th Symbol Autobahnausfahrt.svg ulitsa Verkhnie polja Kotelniki
16 Symbol Autobahnausfahrt.svg Energetikov Street Dzerzhinsky
20th Symbol Autobahnausfahrt.svg Narodnaya Street Bessedy
24 Symbol Autobahnkreuz.svg Kashirskoye shot Domodedovo airport Aiga departingflights.svg
27 Symbol Autobahnkreuz.svg M4 E115 E119Template: RSIGN / Maintenance / EU-E integration Lipetskaya Street Kashirskoye shot Rostov-on-Don , Volgograd , Voronezh
30th Symbol Autobahnausfahrt.svg Bulatnikowo
33 Symbol Autobahnkreuz.svg M2 E105 Varshavskoye shot Ostafyevo Airport Aiga departingflights.svg , Kharkiv , Tula , Podolsk
35 Symbol Autobahnausfahrt.svg Polyany Street
38 Symbol Autobahnausfahrt.svg uliza Paustowskogo Jassenewo
41 Symbol Autobahnausfahrt.svg A130 Profsoyuznaja ulitsa Kaluga
45 Symbol Autobahnkreuz.svg M3 E101 Leninsky prospectus Kievskoye shot Vnukovo Airport Aiga departingflights.svg , Bryansk , Kiev
48 Symbol Autobahnausfahrt.svg Osjornaya ulitsa Borovskoye shot Vnukovo
55 Symbol Autobahnkreuz.svg M1 E30 Moshaisko shot Minskoye shot Smolensk , Minsk
56 Symbol Autobahnausfahrt.svg ulitsa Gorbunova Nemchinovka
60 Symbol Autobahnausfahrt.svg A106 Rublyovskoye shot Rublyowo-Uspenskoye shot Uspenskoye
61 Symbol Autobahnausfahrt.svg Rublyovskoye shot Rublevo
63 Symbol Autobahnkreuz.svg M9 E22 Lykowski prospectus Novorishskoye shot Riga , Velikiye Luki
65 Symbol Autobahnausfahrt.svg Myakininsky prospectus Myakinino
68 Symbol Autobahnausfahrt.svg A109 Volokolamskoye shot Dedovsk , Petrovo-Dalneje
72 Symbol Autobahnausfahrt.svg Novokurkinskoye shot Kurkino
74 Symbol Autobahnausfahrt.svg uliza Swobody Molodyoshnaya Street Kurkino
75 Symbol Autobahnkreuz.svg M10 E105 Leningradskoye shot Sheremetyevo Airport Aiga departingflights.svg , Khimki , Saint Petersburg
78 Symbol Autobahnausfahrt.svg Bibliotetschny prospekt Likhachovskoye shot Dolgoprudny
82 Symbol Autobahnkreuz.svg A104 Dmitrovskoye shot Dmitrov
85 Symbol Autobahnausfahrt.svg Altufievskoye shot Weschki
91 Symbol Autobahnausfahrt.svg Ostashkovskoye shot Chelobitievo
95 Symbol Autobahnausfahrt.svg M8 E115 Yaroslavskoye shot Yaroslavl
103 Symbol Autobahnausfahrt.svg Khabarovskaya Street Abramzewo
105 Symbol Autobahnausfahrt.svg A103 Shcholkovskoye shot Shcholkovo

See also

Commons : MKAD  - collection of images, videos and audio files