Małe Olecko

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Małe Olecko
Olecko Małe
Małe Olecko too: Olecko Małe does not have a coat of arms
Małe Olecko also: Olecko Małe (Poland)
Małe Olecko also: Olecko Małe
Małe Olecko
Olecko Małe
Basic data
State : Poland
Voivodeship : Warmia-Masuria
Powiat : Olecko
Gmina : Wieliczki
Geographic location : 53 ° 58 '  N , 22 ° 32'  E Coordinates: 53 ° 58 '22 "  N , 22 ° 32' 25"  E
Residents :
Postal code : 19-404
Telephone code : (+48) 87
License plate : NOE
Economy and Transport
Street : DK 65 - KukowoNowy Młyn
Rail route : Ełk – Olecko railway line (no regular service)
Railway station: Olecko Małe
Next international airport : Danzig

Małe Olecko , also: Olecko Małe ( German  Klein Oletzko , 1938 to 1945 Herzogshöhe ) is a village in the Polish Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship , which belongs to the rural community of Wieliczki (Wielitzken , 1938 to 1945 Wallenrode) in the powiat Olecki ( Oletzko district , 1933 to 1945 Treuburg district ).

Geographical location

Małe Olecko is located in the east of the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship on the west bank of Lake Klein Oletzko (1938 to 1945 Herzogshöher See , Jezioro Oleckie Małe in Polish ) and on the western bank of the Lega river , eight kilometers south of the district town of Olecko (Marggrabowa , colloquially also Oletzko , 1928 until 1945 Treuburg) .


In 1542 the village called Pierdßlowo , before 1785 Pierdszilewen and until 1938 Klein Oletzko was founded.

With the establishment of the district of Nordenthal (1938 to 1945: "District of Nordental", Polish Nory ) the village was incorporated. Until 1945 it belonged to the Oletzko district (1933 to 1945: Treuburg district) in the Gumbinnen administrative district of the Prussian province of East Prussia .

On December 1, 1910, Klein Oletzko had 484 inhabitants. Their number rose to 518 by 1933.

Due to the provisions of the Versailles Treaty , the population in the Allenstein voting area , to which Klein Oletzko belonged, voted on July 11, 1920 on whether it would continue to belong to East Prussia (and thus Germany) or join Poland. In Klein Oletzko, 394 residents voted to stay with East Prussia, Poland did not.

On June 3, 1938, it was renamed "Herzogshöhe" for political and ideological reasons to ward off foreign-sounding place names. The population was 402 in 1939.

As a result of the war, the village came to Poland in 1945 along with all of southern East Prussia and received the Polish name form "Małe Olecko", where "Olecko Małe" was also used. Today the village is the seat of a Schulzenamt ( Polish sołectwo ) and thus a locality within the rural community of Wieliczki (Wielitzken , 1938 to 1945 Wallenrode) in Powiat Olecki ( Oletzko district , Treuburg district from 1933 to 1945 ), until 1998 the Suwałki voivodeship , since then the voivodeship Associated with Warmia-Masuria .


Until 1945 Klein Oletzko was parish in the Evangelical Church of Wielitzken in the church province of East Prussia of the Church of the Old Prussian Union and in the Catholic parish church of Marggrabowa (Treuburg) in the Diocese of Warmia .

Today Małe Olecko resp. Olecko Małe to the Wieliczki Catholic Parish Church in the Ełk Diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in Poland . Protestant church members living here stick to the churches in Ełk (Lyck) and Suwałki , both in the Masuria diocese of the Evangelical-Augsburg Church in Poland .


Małe Olecko can be reached from the Polish state road DK 65 (formerly German Reichsstrasse 132 ) via Kukowo (Kukowen , Reinkental from 1938 to 1945 ) in the direction of Nowy Młyn (Neumühl) .

Two kilometers west of the village is the Olecko Małe train station on the former Ełk – Tschernjachowsk ( German  Lyck – Insterburg ) line, which is now only used sporadically between Ełk and Olecko.

Individual evidence

  1. Polish Postal Code Directory 2013, p. 761
  2. Dietrich Lange, Geographical Location Register East Prussia (2005): Herzogshöhe
  3. Rolf Jehke, District Nordenthal (Nordental)
  4. ^ Uli Schubert, municipality directory, district of Oletzko
  5. ^ A b Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Landkreis Treuburg (Oletzko). (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  6. Herbert Marzian , Csaba Kenez : "Self-determination for East Germany - A Documentation on the 50th Anniversary of the East and West Prussian Referendum on July 11, 1920"; Editor: Göttinger Arbeitskreis , 1970, p. 65
  7. ^ Walther Hubatsch , History of the Protestant Church in East Prussia , Volume 3 Documents , Göttingen, 1968, p. 484