|TG is the abbreviation for the canton of Thurgau in Switzerland and is used to avoid confusion with other entries of the name Scherzingen .|
|Canton :||Thurgau (TG)|
|Political community :||Munsterlingen|
|Postal code :||8596|
|former BFS no. :||4688|
|Area :||2.36 km² (local parish)
11.36 km² (pol. Parish)
|Residents:||1885 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||799 inhabitants per km²|
From 1803 to 1993, the local parishes of Scherzingen, Bottighofen and Landschlacht belonged to the municipal parish of Scherzingen. On January 1, 1994 , the local parishes Landschlacht and Scherzingen merged to form the Political Community of Münsterlingen; Bottighofen became its own political community.
Scherzingen is located on Lake Constance 6 kilometers southeast of Kreuzlingen on the main road Schaffhausen – Rorschach . With Münsterlingen-Scherzingen, Scherzingen has a train station on the Kreuzlingen – Romanshorn railway line .
Dwellings on stilts have been identified as early as the Neolithic or Bronze Age . The settlement was first mentioned in 1150 as Scherzingen . In the Middle Ages, Scherzingen was part of the Bischofshöri Konstanz and was later under the Bailiwick of Eggen until 1798 .
The Münsterlingen monastery acquired the tithe in 1280 from the cathedral monastery of Konstanz and in 1289 from the ministerials of Kastell . The parish of Münsterlingen, which included Scherzingen, Bottighofen, Kurzrickenbach until 1709 and Oberhofen from 1712 , was closely connected to the monastery for a long time and converted to the Reformation early on. In 1617/18 the monastery built a reformed church in Scherzingen as the patron saint .
From 1911 to 1993 there was a fruit processing cooperative in Scherzingen. Founded in 1886, the Rutishauser winery belongs to the Dutch Baarsma Wine Group, achieved sales of almost 40 million francs in 2010 and filled around three million bottles of wine. After Scherzingen continued to grow arable, wine, fruit and grass well into the 20th century, it has largely lost its rural character.
Of the total of 1,885 inhabitants of the village of Scherzingen in 2018, 758 or 40.2% were foreign nationals. 557 (29.5%) were Protestant Reformed and 506 (26.8%) were Roman Catholic.
The Evangelical Church of Scherzingen , built in 1617/18, is the oldest Evangelical Reformed church in the canton of Thurgau and is a cantonal monument.
→ see section Personalities in the article Münsterlingen
- Swiss land use statistics. Completed on July 1, 1912. Published by the Federal Statistical Bureau. ( Memento from April 12, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
- Thurgau in figures 2019 . On the website of the Statistical Office of the Canton of Thurgau (PDF file; 1.8 MB), accessed on April 28, 2020.
- Localities and their resident population. Edition 2019 . On the website of the Statistical Office of the Canton of Thurgau (Excel table; 0.1 MB), accessed on April 28, 2020.
- Population development of the municipalities. Canton Thurgau, 1850–2000 and resident population of the municipalities and change from the previous year. Canton of Thurgau, 1990–2018. On the website of the Statistical Office of the Canton of Thurgau (Excel tables; 0.1 MB each), accessed on April 28, 2020.
Erich Trösch: Scherzingen. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
These sections are largely based on the entry in the Historical Lexicon of Switzerland (HLS), which, according to the HLS's usage information, is under the Creative Commons license - Attribution - Share under the same conditions 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0).
- Locations and Settlements Directory. Canton of Thurgau, 2005 edition . On the website of the Statistical Office of the Canton of Thurgau (PDF; 1.7 MB), accessed on April 28, 2020.
- Locations and Settlements Directory. Canton of Thurgau, 2012 edition. On the website of the Statistical Office of the Canton of Thurgau (PDF; 3.4 MB), accessed on May 11, 2020.
- without the town of Münsterlingen (42 inhabitants)
- with outer courtyards, but without Münsterlingen