|State :||Czech Republic|
|Region :||Olomoucký kraj|
|Area :||929 ha|
|Geographic location :|
|Residents :||666 (Jan. 1, 2019)|
|Postal code :||790 51|
|License plate :||M.|
|Street:||Písečná - Vidnava|
|Mayor :||Roman Bican (as of 2018)|
790 51 Supíkovice
Supíkovice (German Saubsdorf ) is a municipality in the Czech Republic .
The village is said to have existed around the year 1000. It is believed that the current church tower is part of a palace complex from that time, which has been lost. The place arose on the trade route between Neisse and Freiwaldau around two manors through the settlement of small farms that served the good. The place is first mentioned in a document around 1284 in the "Thomas Act" of the diocese of Breslau as Supicovici . Supicowitz around 1300 and also Supeyngisdorf . Other names are Subichsdorf , then Supigisdorf , Saupisdorf .
“After 7 farm positions around 1300, another 8 were added in 1400 and another 14 around 1500. From this time on, limestone - in other words: Saubsdorf marble - determined what happened in the village, because it was converted from "free lime burners " to lime in Meilern under the Niederberg, but mainly in the lime kiln, in the quarry next to the Oberhof (1842) distilled and fought along the "old lime road" by horse and cart to Neisse or Breslau ” . Despite this development, the place remained village: “In 1836 Saubsdorf had 113 houses, most of which were made of wood. But it enjoys a stone church and school. (..) There are 758 inhabitants ”. In 1880 the church was rebuilt and furnished in a neo-Gothic style.
In addition to the rural structure, the place was shaped by the marble industry. A 2 km long stone vein runs under the village from Spitzstein to the end of the village. A marble vein to the west of the village was opened up after 1800 by further quarries , which not only used the marble for lime production, but also stone , e.g. B. steps and feed troughs made. Around 1830 to 1840 the stone industry emerged, which refined the marble for buildings and, above all, grave monuments.
The railway connection via the Sandhübel-Saubsdorf station was an essential prerequisite for the development of the marble industry . In addition to marble processing, granite was also processed and the annual volume of raw stones and marble products exported reached 1,500 m³ before the First World War . So Saubsdorf became the "Silesian Carrara ". To train the necessary skilled workers , a state school for stone processing and a stone cutting school for marble processing was founded on February 15, 1886 in the presence of numerous quarry owners , master stonemasons and the member of the state parliament from Tomíkovice (cathedral village), Adolf Latzel (in Friedeberg one Stone cutting school for granite processing opened). To the two places, the west Silesian natural stone industry focused with their technical schools, for example, in 1930 more than 800 stone grinders (were served mainly by women) in operation had; in the rest of the Czechoslovakia there were about 400. Before the Second World War there were over 20 industrial plants and stone masonry workshops, in which more than 500 people of the 1700 inhabitants of the village found work. After the Munich Agreement , the place was added to the German Empire and until 1945 belonged to the Freiwaldau district . After the expulsion of the German population after 1945, the stone industry disintegrated and the technical school was closed. In the former technical school there is now a primary and secondary school.
The municipality of Saubsdorf had 1,734 inhabitants on December 1, 1930, 1,712 on May 17, 1939 and 749 on May 22, 1947. Today about 650 people live in Supíkovice.
Lomy emerged from the division of the estate in Niederdorf at the end of the 18th century as part of a land reform as a colony Geislersfeld (the term probably comes from the estate name -Gisse). Until 1945 the houses were differentiated according to their affiliation to Saubsdorf and Geislersfeld, whereby most of the houses were in the vicinity of the former estate, i.e. H. near the stone school.
No districts are shown for Supíkovice. The Lomy ( Geislersfeld ) location belongs to Supíkovice .
- Church of St. Hedwig
- Old lime kiln
Sons and daughters of the place
- Albert Förster (* 1832 † 1908); Founder of the granite industry, 1901 court stone mason; 1938 approx. 1,800 employees in 8 companies in the Freiwaldau district .
- Franz Kretschmer (* 1920 †); Son of several generations of stonemasons, author of the Adnet homeland book .
- Angela Drechsler : Saubsdorf (= Altvaterland. Deeds of documents and summarizing thoughts on the village conditions in the Neiss principality, Austrian part, today Freiwaldau district, Silesia , vol. 2). Olmütz 1931, pp. 123-144.
- Working group of the community Saubsdorf (ed.): Saubsdorf . Noerdlingen 1980.
- Working group of the community Saubsdorf (Ed.): 700 years Saubsdorf . Nordlingen 1984.
- Viktor Hanke, Rudolf Kretschmer: 100 years Saubsdorf Technical School in Würzburg 1986 . Noerdlingen 1986.
- Jindřich Hudec: Černá Voda v minulosti a dnes (Black waters from the past and today) , edited by Místni národní výbor Černá Voda, 1990, freely translated by Viktor Hanke, J. Ryska, Otto Losert (unpublished manuscript).
- Rudolf Kretschmer: Saubsdorf through the ages. Local chronicle from 1939 to 1992 . Noerdlingen 1992.
- Ernst Osterried: 60 years of expulsion from home. Saubsdorf as an example . Ulm 2007.
- Stefan Stippler: Saubsdorf. Catholic parish church council 1940–1944 . Berlin 2010.
- Pavel Macháček: 730 let obce Supíkovice . Prague 2014.
- Český statistický úřad - The population of the Czech municipalities as of January 1, 2019 (PDF; 7.4 MiB)
- Angela Drechsler: Saubsdorf, in: Saubsdorf, p. 15, see Ref.
- Festschrift: 100 Years, page 11, see Ref.
- Angela Drechsler: Saubsdorf, in: Saubsdorf, p. 23, see Lit.
- Jindřich Hudec, Černa Voda, page 31, see Ref.
- Festschrift: 100 Jahre, page 91, see Ref.
- Heimatbuch Adnet, Der Marmor, Adnet, 1986