|coat of arms||Austria map|
|Political District :||Oberwart|
|License plate :||OW|
|Residents :||969 (January 1, 2020)|
|Population density :||48 inhabitants per km²|
|Postal code :||7501|
|Community code :||1 09 25|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Klara Liszt ( ÖVP )|
Municipal Council : ( 2017 )
|Location of Unterwart
Alsóőr in the Oberwart district
Unterwart parish church
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
Unterwart ( Hungarian : Alsóőr , Croatian : Dolnja Borta, Dolnja Jerba , romani : Telutni Erba, Tenuerba ) is a municipality in the Oberwart district in Burgenland in Austria . The ethnic group of Burgenland Hungarians belong to 54% of the community population; In the Unterwart district, the proportion of Hungarian-speaking residents is around 75%. The German-speaking share of the population - mainly resident in the Eisenzicken district - is 37.7%. The community is also part of the Burgenlandroma settlement area .
The community is located in southern Burgenland.
The municipality includes the following two localities (population in brackets as of January 1, 2020):
- Iron Tick (288)
- Unterwart (681)
The community consists of the cadastral communities Eisenzicken and Unterwart.
Like all of Burgenland, the place belonged to Hungary (German-West Hungary) until 1920/21 . There is no corresponding Hungarian name, as Burgenland never represented an organizational unit within Hungary.
The municipality of Unterwart was one of those noble settlements of the Upper Wart, whose natives were settled by the Hungarian kings of the Árpáden dynasty after the Hungarians settled down and the Hungarian state system was consolidated as border guards (speculatores nostri) of the Gyepű system on the western border of the empire. These border guards had royal privileges, were free and not subject to any rule. The freedom letter of King Karl Roberts I from 1327 not only confirmed their freedoms, but also created their own sovereignty and included them in the status of the landed nobility - while at the same time instructing them in their previous possessions between the castles Bernstein and Güssing .
The Hungarian Diet confirmed these rights several times (1478, 1498, 1547) and designated the inhabitants as nobles ("cum nobiles sint regni Hungariae").
The area of the community Unterwart was cultivated and administered by the local communitas (= noble economic community) until the 19th century. In addition to agriculture, trade and industry also flourished. Almost all branches of trade and industry were still practiced in the 19th century, such as bookbinders, turners, tanners, hat makers, tsism makers, cotton wool producers and others. The craft flag is still kept in the church today.
In contrast to the other settlements of the Oberen Wart ( Oberwart , Siget in der Wart and Jabing ), the population of the Unterwart community was and has always been purely Catholic. The parish belonged to the Oberwart parish until 1797, first becoming an independent chaplain and in 1808 an independent parish, whereby the local communitas took on the duties of the patron saint.
The poor economic situation at the turn of the century and especially after the First World War prompted a large part of the youth to emigrate to the USA ( St. Louis ).
After the end of the First World War, after tough negotiations, German-West Hungary was awarded to Austria in the Treaties of St. Germain and Trianon on September 10, 1919 and in the Venice Treaties on October 13, 1921. The place has belonged to the newly founded federal state of Burgenland since 1921 (see also the history of Burgenland ).
Culture and sights
- Unterwart parish church
- The library opened in 1975 in the municipal office with its 30,000 volumes and the opening of the newly expanded Hungarian library in the "Old School" at the beginning of June 2001, along with the school and church, contribute significantly to the preservation of the local Hungarian ethnic group.
- The museum of local history, opened in 1973 in a typical arcade farmhouse, preserves and presents the agricultural equipment from the 19th and 20th centuries, which is important in terms of art history and folklore.
The council comprises a total of 15 members based on the number of eligible voters.
|FPÖ||not running||not running||not running||11||1.72||0||32||5.64||0|
In addition to Mayor Klara Liszt (ÖVP) and Deputy Mayor Robert Polzer (SPÖ), the executive councils Harald Haselbacher (ÖVP), Hannes Nemeth (ÖVP) and Alfred Szabo (SPÖ) are also members of the local council.
Udo Seper (ÖVP) was elected to the environmental and safety council.
Harald Haselbacher was appointed mayor of Einsenzicken.
After the then 69-year-old Josef Horvath (ÖVP), who had headed the community since 1997, announced in February 2017 that he would no longer run for reasons of age, Klara Liszt was nominated as a candidate for the ÖVP, who had also reached retirement age at 66 . In the direct mayor election on October 1, 2017, she had to compete against 63-year-old Robert Polzer (SPÖ), who had been deputy mayor since 2001 and who declared in November 2016 that he no longer wanted to run. Liszt won with 57.10% against Polzer, who reached 42.90%. Robert Polzer was re-elected Vice Mayor at the constituent meeting of the municipal council and thus entered his fourth term of office.
Ewald Szabo is the head of the municipal office.
coat of arms
|The municipal coat of arms was awarded on April 5, 1994.
Blazon : “ In the golden shield a male figure in red clothes with golden cords and golden belt, silver belt and silver sword scabbard, blue, golden laced and silver trimmed dolman, black, silver trimmed kalpak and black boots, in her right hand wielding a silver sword . "
- Adalbert Görcz (1921–1990), employee and politician
- Johann Hörist (1961–2007), Rector of the Pontifical Institute Collegio Teutonico di Santa Maria dell'Anima from 2004 to 2007
- Statistics Austria: Population on January 1st, 2020 by locality (area status on January 1st, 2020) , ( CSV )
- Province of Burgenland: Unterwart 2017 election results (accessed on January 17, 2018)
- Province of Burgenland: Unterwart 2012 election results (accessed on January 17, 2018)
- Province of Burgenland: Unterwart 2007 election results (accessed on January 17, 2018)
- Province of Burgenland: Unterwart 2002 election results (accessed on January 17, 2018)
- Municipality of Unterwart: Municipal Council (accessed on January 17, 2018)
- Municipality of Unterwart: Environment and Security Council (accessed on January 17, 2018)
- Municipality of Unterwart: Mayor (accessed on January 17, 2018)
- BVZ of February 27, 2017: Mayor of Unterwart? VP candidate has been determined (accessed on January 17, 2018)
- BVZ of November 3, 2016: Rumors about the mayor: Does “Hori” stop? (accessed on January 17, 2018)
- Unterwart municipality: Vice Mayor Robert Polzer (accessed on January 17, 2018)
- Municipality of Unterwart: Municipal office - contact person (accessed on January 17, 2018)
- Unterwart community: coat of arms (accessed on January 17, 2018)