City of Meuselwitz
|Height :||184 m|
|Area :||10.36 km²|
|Residents :||2210 (Jan 1, 2009)|
|Population density :||213 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||December 1, 2007|
|Postal code :||04610|
|Area code :||03448|
Location of Wintersdorf in Thuringia
Wintersdorf has been the largest district of the city of Meuselwitz in the Thuringian district of Altenburger Land since December 1, 2007 with around 2200 inhabitants . Historically, the place grew particularly in the 19th century due to lignite mining. Another important industry was tobacco production.
Wintersdorf is located in the Altenburg-Zeitz loess hill country on the edge of the Leipzig lowland bay . The Schnauder flows through the village . To the northeast of the village is the Kammerforst , in the north of the Luckaer Forst .
Neighboring communities of the former community of Wintersdorf are (clockwise, starting in the south): Rositz , Kriebitzsch , Haselbach , Treben and Gerstenberg , as well as the cities of Altenburg , Meuselwitz and Lucka in the Altenburger Land district and the city of Regis-Breitingen in the Saxon district of Leipzig .
The following districts belonged to the former municipality of Wintersdorf with an area of 30.87 km²:
- the fused with the main town places Heukendorf , duty Village , Gröba (all three in 1923) and Bosengröba (1957, has previously served on Ruppersdorf)
- Ruppersdorf from the Borna district , incorporated in 1957, excavated by lignite mining ( Ruppersdorf open-cast mine )
- Waltersdorf with the district of Neubraunshain , which were incorporated in 1973
- Lehma with the district Trebanz , which were incorporated on January 1, 1996 and reclassified to Treben on December 30, 2008
- the chamber forest with an area of 12.43 km²
In 1181 Wintersdorf was first mentioned in a document in the old tithe directory of the Bosau monastery near Zeitz . The place was then a dead end village. The village church is mentioned for the first time in 1619, the rectory was established in 1663. Wintersdorf belonged to the Wettin office of Altenburg , which was under the sovereignty of the following Ernestine duchies from the 16th century onwards due to several divisions during its existence : Duchy of Saxony (1554 to 1572), Duchy of Saxony-Weimar (1572 to 1603), Duchy of Saxony-Altenburg (1603 to 1672), Duchy of Saxony-Gotha-Altenburg (1672 to 1826). When the Ernestine duchies were reorganized in 1826, the place came back to the duchy of Saxony-Altenburg. In 1837 the administrative and judicial communities were united. After the administrative reform in the duchy, Wintersdorf belonged to the eastern district (until 1900) and to the Altenburg district office (from 1900). Legally, the place was subordinate to the Altenburg District Court since 1879 and to the Meuselwitz District Court since 1906 . Several lignite mining operations were established in the 19th century . The miners' settlement was built between 1920 and 1923. Wintersdorf's landmark is the water tower built in 1914/1915.
From 1918 on, Wintersdorf belonged to the Free State of Saxony-Altenburg , which was added to the State of Thuringia in 1920. In 1922 it came to the district of Altenburg . Between 1908 and 1935 the "open-cast mine Marie I (Waltersdorf)" was in operation southeast of the town. It was followed by the "Marie II opencast mine (Wintersdorf)" (1935 to 1950) to the east of Wintersdorf. Since 1942 there were four forced labor camps with a total of 382 persons responsible for the pits progress and Marie had to work.
A few years before lignite mining in the "Marie II (Wintersdorf)" opencast mine was opened in 1944, the " Marie III (Ruppersdorf) opencast mine " north of Wintersdorf. The neighboring town of Ruppersdorf subsequently fell victim to him. To the west of this opencast mine, the " Phönix -Ost opencast mine " was in operation between 1940 and 1963. Wintersdorf was incorporated into the Altenburg district in the Leipzig district in 1952. After the dissolution of the municipality of Ruppersdorf in 1957, the remainder of the village and the district of Bosengröba were reclassified the Borna district of Wintersdorf. In the 1980s, the resumption of lignite mining was planned, but this was not carried out. A part of Wintersdorf and some districts should have given way to the planned “Meuselwitz opencast mine” between Meuselwitz and Rositz.
In 1990 Wintersdorf came back to Thuringia with the Altenburg district. In 1994 it was incorporated into the Altenburger Land district. In March 2007, the incorporation into the neighboring town of Meuselwitz was decided at a separate municipal council meeting. It was completed on December 1, 2007.
|Bosengröba||Incorporation to Ruppersdorf|
|Groeba||1923||Incorporation to Wintersdorf|
|Heukendorf||1923||Incorporation to Wintersdorf|
|Lehma||January 1, 1996
December 30, 2008
|Incorporation to Wintersdorf,
reclassification to Treben
|Neubraunshain||July 1, 1950||Incorporation to Waltersdorf|
|Village of duty||1923||Incorporation to Wintersdorf|
|Ruppersdorf||January 1, 1957||Incorporation to Wintersdorf|
|Trebanz||July 1, 1950
December 30, 2008
|Incorporation to Lehma,
reclassification to Treben
|Waltersdorf||1st January 1973||Incorporation to Wintersdorf|
|Winter village||December 1, 2007||Incorporation to Meuselwitz|
Development of the population (as of December 31st) :
- Data source: Thuringian State Office for Statistics
coat of arms
Like many coats of arms of the cities and municipalities of the Altenburger Land, the Wintersdorf coat of arms was created according to the laws of the historical auxiliary science of heraldry (heraldry). After a correspondence between the Weimar State Archives and the State Office for the Preservation of Monuments and Homeland Security, the Wintersdorf community adopted the coat of arms in 1937. In the upper part of the coat of arms there is Schlegel und Eisen, from which you can see that Wintersdorf was not only a farming village with agriculture, sheep breeding and wool combing, but was increasingly shaped by lignite mining since the middle of the 19th century. The redesign of the official seal, which, according to the old teacher and local writer A. Junghanns, commissioned the Altenburg artist Paulik in 1950, was undoubtedly based on the old coat of arms. In the old days, when the cigar industry still dominated in Wintersdorf, many people wished that, if Wintersdorf became a town, the cigar would also appear in the coat of arms.
Place name and parish partnership
Wintersdorf occurs four times in Germany, each as a district of a municipality. A community partnership has been maintained with two of these cities since 1990, namely Zirndorf / Franconia and Rastatt / Baden.
Bundesstrasse 180 runs south of Wintersdorf . Between 1874 and 1993 Wintersdorf had a train station on the Gaschwitz – Meuselwitz railway line . The place also has a stop on the Meuselwitz – Haselbach – Regis-Breitingen coal railway, which is operated as a museum railway .
Culture and sights
- The Walburgakirche was built in 1907 in Art Nouveau style and is located in the historic town center. It was built according to a design by the Saxony-Altenburg State Building Director Alfred Wanckel . Most of the furnishings date from the construction period.
- The Alfred-Ahner-Haus, the house where the painter was born, exhibits the life and work of Ahner and can be viewed by prior arrangement at the Lindenau Museum.
- Approx. Haselbacher See extends 4 km northeast of the district . Its Wintersdorfer Ufer can be reached from the town center on Gröbaer Straße in the direction of Ramsdorf . At the end of the village the road leads down into the Schnaudertal and then into the Kammerforst with signposted bike and hiking trails.
- To the right is the Öltsch ( dialect Erlcht , i.e. alder wood) - a natural monument along the Schnauder brook on the northern edge of the forest. Even before the closed old Schnauderbrücke to Ruppersdorf, it is possible to enter the nature reserve via a ravine on the right. At the beginning of May, arum and other rare, protected wild plants bloom there . On the left are the remains of the farming village of Ruppersdorf , which was excavated in 1956 for lignite mining.
- In the direction of Ramsdorf, after leaving the forest, the Wildenhainer Schnauderwiesen can be seen on the left as far as the eastern edge of the Öltsch. A narrow road in the district of Gröba (mentioned in a document in 1181) leads right into the Schnauderwiesen. The Maus is reached at the Schnauderbrücke , the district of Bosengröba (mentioned in a document in 1277), where a water mill was operated until the 1950s.
- On the right side of the street is Waldschlösschen , a district near the Schnauder, named after a former garden restaurant with a linden garden . Furthermore, the place has a stop at the coal railway and a riding stables.
- Large events are, for example, the dragon boat race , the village festival or the JAAS festival .
Sons and daughters of the church
- Moritz Köhler (1855-around 1920) musician, composer and conductor
- Ernst Daube (1869–1956), writer and poet
- Alfred Ahner (1890–1973), painter and draftsman
- Alfred Schmidt (1891–1985), communist politician and trade unionist
- Siegfried Fischer (* 1934), GDR diplomat, trade councilor and ambassador to Japan (1973–1979)
- Lothar Gentsch (* 1935), football player
- The area is made up of the districts of Wintersdorf, Gröba, Heukendorf, mandatory village and Ruppersdorf.
- The White Mountain was mostly excavated around 1950 together with the Lucka Forest.
- StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2007
- Change of area of the city of Meuselwitz on the TLS site
- The Altenburg Office in the book "Geography for all Stands", from p. 201
- The locations of the Altenburg district from p.83
- History of Wintersdorf
- The eastern district of the Duchy of Saxony-Altenburg in the municipal directory 1900
- The Altenburg district office in the municipality register 1900
- Thuringian Association of the Persecuted of the Nazi Regime - Association of Antifascists and Study Group of German Resistance 1933–1945 (ed.): Heimatgeschichtlicher Wegweiser to places of resistance and persecution 1933–1945, series: Heimatgeschichtliche Wegweiser Volume 8 Thüringen, Erfurt 2003, p. 26f ., ISBN 3-88864-343-0
- The Altenburg / Meuselwitz lignite district, LMBV publication
- Page no longer available , search in web archives: Description and history of the church on the website of the parish of Lucka / Wintersdorf, accessed on April 17, 2012 ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective . Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Stephanie Eißing et al. (Arrangement): Dehio-Handbuch der deutschen Kunstdenkmäler, Thuringia. 2nd edition, Deutscher Kunstverlag , Munich / Berlin 2003, ISBN 3-422-03095-6 , p. 1391.
- Moritz Köhler at meuselwitz.de