Ścinawka Górna

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ścinawka Górna
Coat of arms of ????
Ścinawka Górna (Poland)
Ścinawka Górna
Ścinawka Górna
Basic data
State : Poland
Voivodeship : Lower Silesia
Powiat : Kłodzko
Gmina : Radków
Geographic location : 50 ° 32 '  N , 16 ° 29'  E Coordinates: 50 ° 32 '7 "  N , 16 ° 28' 32"  E
Height : 340 m npm
Residents : 730
Postal code : 57-410
Telephone code : (+48) 74
License plate : DKL
Economy and Transport
Street : Ext. 387
Next international airport : Wroclaw

Ścinawka Górna (German Obersteine ; Czech Horní Stěnava ) is a village in the powiat Kłodzki in the Lower Silesian Voivodeship in Poland. It belongs to the urban and rural municipality Radków ( Wünschelburg ).


Ścinawka Górna is located on Voivodeship Road 387 in the Valley of Stones . Neighboring places are Bieganów ( Biehals ) and Zagorzyn ( Teuber ) in the northeast, Bieganówek ( Neu Biehals ) and Słupiec ( Schlegel ) in the east, Ścinawka Średnia ( Mittelsteine ) in the southeast, Ratno Dolne ( Niederrathen ) in the south, Gajów ( Reichenforst ) in the southwest and Sarny ( Scharfeneck Colony ) and northwest. From there, the Tłumaczów - Otovice border crossing is reached via the 385 voivodship road. In the west rises the 556 m high Gardzień ( Hupprich ).


Scharfeneck Castle 2015

Obersteine ​​was first mentioned in 1406. It belonged to the Neurode district in the formerly Bohemian Glatzer Land and was - together with Scharfeneck Castle - owned by the Pradel ( Predel ) family, from whom the Stillfried family acquired it. She sold the Oberstein property in 1565 to Gregor von Reichenbach on Peterwitz in the Duchy of Münsterberg . His nephew Fabian von Reichenbach, Governor of Münsterberg, built Scharfeneck Castle in the Renaissance style around 1590. Although the Reichenbach family was not involved in the Bohemian class uprising , they lost their property in 1624.

After the death of the previous tenant Maximilian Ferdinand von Kochtizky , Emperor Leopold I, in his capacity as King of Bohemia, awarded Obersteine ​​with Scharfeneck and Tuntschendorf to Johann Georg von Götzen in 1661 . He was the son of the imperial general Johann von Götzen and from 1653 to 1679 governor of the county of Glatz. After the First Silesian War in 1742 and finally with the Peace of Hubertusburg in 1763, Obersteine ​​and the County of Glatz fell to Prussia .

After the Catholic line of the Counts von Götzen in the male line with Johann Joseph ( Leonhard ) von Götzen expired in 1771 , Obersteine, Scharfeneck and a share of Tuntschendorf fell as a settled fiefdom to the Prussian King Frederick the Great . He gave this fiefdom to his adjutant general Friedrich Wilhelm von Götzen the Elder. Ä. from the evangelical line of those von Götzen. He bequeathed it to his sons Adolf Sigismund († 1847) and Friedrich Wilhelm von Götzen the Elder. In 1871 J. Adolf von Götzen sold the Scharfeneck and Tunschendorf manors along with the associated goods (colonies of Rudelsdorf and Nieder- Walditz , Freirichtergut Obersteine ​​including Sprengergut and Wüstung) for 226,000 Reichstaler to the factory owner Heinrich Schneider from Hausdorf .

After the reorganization of Prussia, Obersteine ​​belonged to the province of Silesia from 1815 , which was divided into districts. The district of Glatz was responsible from 1816–1853, and the district of Neurode from 1854–1932 . After its dissolution in 1933, it again belonged to the district of Glatz, with which it remained connected until 1945. Since 1874 Obersteine ​​belonged together with the rural communities Mittelsteine ​​and Biehals to the administrative district Mittelsteine. In 1939 it consisted of 823 residents.

As a result of the Second World War , Obersteine ​​fell to Poland in 1945 and was renamed Ścinawka Górna . The German population was expelled unless they had already fled . Some of the newly settled residents were displaced from eastern Poland . 1975-1998 Ścinawka Górna belonged to the Wałbrzych Voivodeship ( Waldenburg ).


Ruins of the warehouse at the castle
Summer castle
  • Scharfeneck Castle ( Zamek Sarny ) is located on a high rock spur at the confluence of the Walditz with the stones. It was first mentioned in 1406 as a Vorwerk von Obersteine ​​and in 1565 it was acquired by the von Reichenbach family. In 1590 the castle was rebuilt in the Renaissance style under Fabian von Reichenbach. Franz Anton von Götzen had the St. Build the castle chapel consecrated to John of Nepomuk. The frescoes were created by Johann Franz Hoffmann in 1738 . Further changes to the palace took place in the 19th century. Only remains of the former sgraffito jewelry have survived. The castle and the associated facilities have been renovated since 2014. A café was set up in the gatehouse.
  • The porch with a hipped roof from 1650, which housed a two-story court chancellery, was rebuilt at the beginning of the 19th century.
  • In 1660 the brewery and the granary with a facade decorated with sgraffito were built.
  • The summer palace ( Pałac letni ) east of the palace was built in the Baroque style around 1750. The main portal contained a heraldic cartouche of the Counts of Götzen, which was stolen in 1996.
  • The baroque garden was transformed into a landscape park in 1880 by the garden architect Eduard Petzold .



Web links

Commons : Ścinawka Górna  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Marek Šebela, Jiři Fišer: České Názvy hraničních Vrchů, Sídel a vodních toků v Kladsku . In: Kladský sborník 5, 2003, p. 368
  2. Richard Plümicke: The large estates of the last imperial count von Götzen from the Silesian line and his heirs in 1771 . In: Glatzer Heimatblätter 1942, issue 2, p. 52
  3. District