Schmidtburg Office

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The Schmidtburg office was an administrative and judicial district in the Electorate of Trier that existed from the 14th century to 1794 .


The core of the later office was the Schmidtburg . The castle was one of the ancestral castles of the Wildgraves. In 1258 and 1277 the property was divided and several lines were formed. Personal disputes between the Counts of the Schmidtburg and Kyrburg lines led to the Schmidtburg being entrusted to the Elector and Archbishop Balduin von Trier . In 1324 Wilgraf Heinrich entrusted the Schmidtburgund Castle to the Wildgraves in 1329, the courts in Rhaunen and Hausen Trier to fief. After the Schmidtburg line died out in 1330, this castle and office moved in as a settled fiefdom. These state castles were the core of the organization of the Archbishopric of Trier in the High Middle Ages. They secured the power of the archbishopric and were directed by burgraves . In the 14th century an organization of offices was established. Elector Baldwin of Luxembourg formed an administrative office based on the French model. At the head of the offices there was now a bailiff . This formation of offices was not a single act, but was carried out in a multitude of individual steps, taking into account the local characteristics. During Baldwin's tenure, the Schmidtburg office is one of 30 offices that were mentioned in a document. In a list commissioned by Elector Johann II of Baden in 1498, the Schmidtburg office is one of 59 named offices.

Archbishop Johann VI. (1556–1567) ordered a four-year land tax on November 26, 1556 with the consent of the state estates in Koblenz. The tax amounted to 3.5 guilders per 1000 guilders of wealth. On July 20, 1563, he requested reports from all offices that should provide information about the places and the taxpayers there. In the Schmidtburg office there were then the following fireplaces in the following places:

place Trier fireplaces Foreign fireplaces annotation
Bundenbach 11 5 1/2
Schneppenbach 9 4th Zweiherrisch (Trier / von Wiltberg)
Pronschytt 6th 4th Zweiherrisch (Trier / von Wiltberg)
Schlierstat 5 all other State sovereignty was held by the tri-lordly office of Kirchberg , not Trier
Rhaunen 11 40 Zweiherrisch (1/4 Trier / 3/4 Rheingrafen von Dhaun)
Sulzbach 2 19th Zweiherrisch (Trier / von Metzenhausen)
Stybshausen 1 17th Zweiherrisch (1/4 Trier)
Leufersweyler 0 33 Vierherrisch (1/4 Trier)
Schweyerbach 0 14th Zweiherrisch (1/4 Trier / 3/4 Rheingrafen von Dhaun)
Sorschytt 0 14th Zweiherrisch (1/4 Trier / 3/4 Rheingrafen von Dhaun)
Veyterßbach 0 15th Zweiherrisch (1/4 Trier / 3/4 Rheingrafen von Dhaun)
Upper brain 0 16 Zweiherrisch (1/4 Trier / 3/4 Rheingrafen von Dhaun)
Lindenschytt 0 15th
Gosenrot 0 20th
Kromenaw 0 10 Zweiherrisch (1/4 Trier / 3/4 Rheingrafen von Dhaun)
Woppenroth 0 22nd
Hausen 0 12
Bollenbach 0 15th

In the official description of 1785 the following were named as official places: Bundenbach, Bruschied, Sulzbach, Schli Various, the high court of Rhaunen (Rhaunen, Weitersbach, Krummenau, Oberkirn, Stipshausen, Bollenbach, Schwerbach, Sulzbach), Hottenbach, Hollertshausen and Laufershausen.

With the capture of the Left Bank of the Rhine by French revolutionary troops , the office was dissolved after 1794.

See also


Individual evidence

  1. Richard Laufner: The offices organization under Baldwin of Luxembourg; in: Johannes Mötsch , Franz-Josef Heyen (Hrsg.): Balduin von Luxemburg. Archbishop of Trier - Elector of the Empire. Festschrift on the occasion of the 700th year of birth. (= Sources and treatises on church history in the Middle Rhine . Vol. 53). Verlag der Gesellschaft für Mittelrheinische Kirchengeschichte, Mainz 1985, pp. 289 ff., Digitized