Archibald Joseph Cronin
Archibald Joseph Cronin (born July 19, 1896 in Cardross , Scotland , † January 6, 1981 in Glion , Switzerland ) was a Scottish doctor and writer . Some of his novels became worldwide hits. Exciting events, lifelike characters and pronounced social criticism characterize his story. In his autobiography, Adventure in Two Worlds , he unequivocally professes his Christian faith . Cronin stands in the tradition of the educational novel and uses the techniques of Victorian novel realism .
Archibald Joseph Cronin was the only child of Patrick Cronin and his wife Jessie Montgomerie. He later attended Dumbarton Academy and won several writing competitions. For his outstanding achievements he was a scholarship of medicine at the University of Glasgow granted. There he also met his future wife, Agnes Mary Gibson, who - like him - studied medicine.
Cronin first worked in various hospitals, as a ship's doctor and, during the First World War, as a surgeon in the service of the British Army . After the war he practiced in a mining district in south Wales . Experience from this activity later flowed into his novels The Stars Look Down (1935) and The Citadel (1937). He later moved to London and ran a thriving practice on Harley Street . However, Cronin struggled with his profane, profit and selfish desires, as he explains in his autobiography. While on vacation in the Scottish Highlands , he wrote his first novel, Hatter's Castle (1930), which was an instant hit.
In the 1930s, Cronin moved to the United States with his wife and three sons and settled in New Canaan , Connecticut . In later years he returned to Europe and lived in Switzerland for the last 25 years.
AJ Cronin died at the age of 84 and was buried in La Tour-de-Peilz , where his grave still stands.
Cronin was best known for The Stars Look Down (1935), a miners novel with sharp attacks against the self-interest of the mine owners.
Works (in selection)
- Hatter's Castle, 1930 (Eng. The Tyrant ; also James Brodie, the hatter and his castle )
- Three Loves, 1932 (German Lucy Moore ; also Three Loves )
- Grand Canary , 1933 (Eng. The House of the Swans )
- The Stars Look Down , 1935 (dt. The Stars Look Down )
- The Citadel , 1937 (Eng. The Citadel )
Lady with Carnations , 1939
- German: The Lady with the Carnations , translated by Martin Beheim-Schwarzbach , Zsolnay, Hamburg 1949
- Vigil in the Night , 1940 (German: Die Schicksalsnacht )
- The Keys of the Kingdom, 1942 (dt. Keys to the Kingdom )
- The Green Years, 1944 (dt. The Green Years )
- The Adventures of a Black Bag, 1946 (German: The New Assistant )
- Shannon's Way, 1948 (German: Dr. Shannon's Way )
- The Spanish Gardener, 1950 (German The Spanish Gardener )
- Kaleidoscope in "K", 1950 (German kaleidoscope in "K" )
- Beyond This Place , 1953 ( behind these walls )
- Crusaders's Tomb, 1956 (German Late Victory )
- The Valorous Years, 1958 (dt. The probation )
- The Northern Light, 1958 (dt. The light )
- The Innkeeper's Wife, 1958 (German Christmas story ; also the host's wife )
- The Native Doctor ; also An Apple in Eden , 1959 (German Doctor Murray's order )
- The Judas Tree , 1961 (dt. The Judas Tree )
- A Song of Sixpence , 1964 (German go to the market ; also Bunter Vogel Sehnsucht )
- A Pocketful of Rye , 1969 (German pediatrician Dr. Carroll )
- Enchanted Snow , 1971 (German a professor from Heidelberg )
- Desmonde , 1975; also The Minstrel Boy , 1975 (German: The women of my friend )
- Gracie Lindsay , 1978 (German back then in the highlands )
- Doctor Finlay of Tannochbrae , 1978 ( Eng . A hero in the shadow )
- Jupiter Laughs , 1940
Adventures in Two Worlds. 1952.
- German: Adventure in two worlds. My life as a doctor and a writer. Translated from the English by Alexandra Brun. Unabridged special edition. Eduard Kaiser, [Klagenfurt] , (license from Scherz Verlag, Bern).
- 1934: Once to Every Woman - Director: Lambert Hillyer , with Ralph Bellamy , Walter Connolly , Fay Wray , Walter Byron u. a.
- 1934: Grand Canary - directed by Irving Cummings , with Warner Baxter , Madge Evans , Marjorie Rambeau and others. a.
- 1938: The Citadel ( The Citadel ) - Director: King Vidor , with Robert Donat , Rosalind Russell , Ralph Richardson , Rex Harrison , u. a.
- 1940: Vigil in the Night - Director: George Stevens , with Carole Lombard , Brian Aherne , Anne Shirley , Julien Mitchell , Peter Cushing u. a.
- 1940: The Stars Look Down ( The Stars Look Down ) - Director: Carol Reed , with Michael Redgrave , Margaret Lockwood , Emlyn Williams , Nancy Price u. a.
- 1941: Shining Victory - directed by Irving Rapper , with James Stephenson , Geraldine Fitzgerald , Donald Crisp , Barbara O'Neil and others. a.
- 1942: The Hatter and his castle ( Hatter's Castle ) - Director: Lance Comfort , with Robert Newton , Deborah Kerr , James Mason , Emlyn Williams u. a.
- 1944: Keys of the Kingdom ( The Keys of the Kingdom ) - Director: John M. Stahl , with Gregory Peck , Thomas Mitchell , Vincent Price u. a.
- 1946: Das Vermächtnis ( The Green Years ) - Director: Victor Saville , with Charles Coburn , Tom Drake , Beverly Tyler , Hume Cronyn and others. a.
- 1955: I'm looking for you [after the play Jupiter laughs ] - Director: OW Fischer , with OW Fischer, Anouk Aimée , Nadja Tiller , Otto Brüggemann , Paul Bildt and others. a.
- 1956: The Spanish Gardener ( The Spanish Gardener ) - Director: Philip Leacock , with Dirk Bogarde , Jon Whiteley , Michael Hordern u. a.
- 1959: Behind these walls ( Beyond This Place ) - Director: Jack Cardiff , with Van Johnson , Vera Miles , Emlyn Williams, Bernard Lee u. a.
- 1971: Tere Mere Sapne - Director: Vijay Anand , with Dev Anand , Mumtaz , Mahesh Kaul , Vijay Anand u. a.
- 1975: Mausam - director: Gulzar , with Sharmila Tagore , Sanjeev Kumar , Om Shivpuri a . a.
- Hans Clarin : Paul Burgess, alias Paul Mathry
- Trudik Daniel : Mrs. Burgess, his mother
- Hans Hinrich : Pastor Fleming
- Bum Krüger : Albert Prusty, dealer
- Helmut Peine : James Swann, ex-detective
- Arthur Mentz: Aloys Dunn, owner of a newspaper
- Elfriede Rückert : Louisa Burt, maid
- Wolfgang Schirlitz: Enoch Oswald
- Heinz von Cleve : Sir Matthew Sprott, prosecutor
- Kurt Faber: Policeman
- Werner Hessenland : Mr. Dale, Police Director
- Harald Meister: Mark
- Wilhelm Wahl: Judge
First broadcast: July 30, 1957 | 76:10 minutes
- Dale Salwak: AJ Cronin (= Twayne's English authors series. Volume 398). Twayne, Boston 1985, ISBN 0-8057-6884-X .
- Dale Salwak: AJ Cronin. A reference guide. Hall, Boston, Mass. 1983, ISBN 0-8161-8595-6 .
- Alan Davies: AJ Cronin. The man who created Dr Finlay. Alma Books, Richmond 2011, ISBN 978-1-8468-8112-1 .
- Literature by and about Archibald Joseph Cronin in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by and about Archibald Joseph Cronin in the German Digital Library
- AJ Cronin in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Herbert Mitgang: AJ CRONIN, AUTHOR OF 'CITADEL' AND 'KEYS OF THE KINGDOM', DIES. In: The New York Times . January 10, 1981
- AJ Cronin. In: Encyclopædia Britannica . January 2, 2020
- Pictures of his grave: 
- On the question of how mankind suffered the horror of World War II , Cronin rejects the well-known explanations of an economic or psychological nature. Man's apostasy from God is responsible for him (p. 283). Anger at God is inappropriate; it is our own fault (p. 288). A consolation for all who do not or not yet believe in God: God in turn believes in us (p. 317). References to the unabridged special edition, no year, translated by Alexandra Brun from Eduard Kaiser Verlag (see section autobiography ).
- According to Cronin's autobiography (Eduard Kaiser Verlag edition, p. 259), the first work (by 1952) was translated into 21 languages and sold at least three million times (see section Autobiography ).
|SURNAME||Cronin, Archibald Joseph|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Scottish doctor and writer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||July 19, 1896|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Cardross , Scotland|
|DATE OF DEATH||January 6, 1981|
|Place of death||Glion , Switzerland|