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Bięcino does not have a coat of arms
Bięcino (Poland)
Basic data
State : Poland
Voivodeship : Pomerania
Powiat : Slupsk
Gmina : Damnica
Geographic location : 54 ° 31 '  N , 17 ° 13'  E Coordinates: 54 ° 31 '20 "  N , 17 ° 13' 4"  E
Residents : 220
Telephone code : (+48) 59
License plate : GSL
Economy and Transport
Street : Mianowice / DK 6 - Karżniczka → Bięcino
Słupsk - Jezierzyce - Rogawica → Bięcino
Rail route : Stargard Szczeciński – Gdańsk
Railway Station: Damnica
Next international airport : Danzig

Bięcino (German gasoline , Kashubian Bicëno ) is a village in the powiat Słupski ( Stolp district ) in the Polish Pomeranian Voivodeship and belongs to the rural municipality of Damnica ( Hebrondamnitz ).

Geographical location and transport links

Bięcino is located in Western Pomerania , northeast of Słupsk ( Stolp ) on a flat ground moraine . The village is eight kilometers from Mianowice ( Mahnwitz ) on Landesstraße 6 (former German Reichsstraße 2 , now also Europastraße 28 ), and the district town can be reached on a side road via Rogawica ( Roggatz ) and Jezierzyce ( Jeseritz ) in 16 kilometers. There is a rail connection via Damnica ( Hebrondamnitz ) on the Stargard railway line in Pomerania - Gdansk, five kilometers away .

Place name

The spelling Bentzin occurs in documents from the years 1409, 1523 and 1537 .


According to its historical village shape, Bięcino is a small alley village . In 1485 it was owned by the von Schwave family and in 1529 half by the Stojentins . Then it became a Wobesian and finally a von Puttkamer fiefdom. In 1686 Georg Lorenz von Puttkamer bought Deutsch Karstnitz (1938–45 Karstnitz , today Karżniczka in Polish) and petrol from the Hebron s.

To 1784 petrol had: 1 Vorwerk , four farmers and two Kossäten 9 fireplaces. The last 769 hectare manor with Vorwerk Tulemeiershof (Polish: Tolimierz) had 393 hectares of arable land and 356 hectares of forest. The last owners of the estate were Ulrich von Puttkamer (until 1942) and Bogislaw von Puttkamer (until 1945).

In 1925 there were 66 residential buildings in the village. The community area totaled 1,124 hectares. In 1933 there were 418 inhabitants, in 1939 there were 93 households and 421 inhabitants. Until 1945, gasoline belonged to the district of Stolp in the administrative district of Köslin in the province of Pomerania . Towards the end of the Second World War , the village of Petrol was occupied by the Soviet Army on March 8, 1945 and soon afterwards was placed under Polish administration along with the whole of Western Pomerania. From June 1945 the German population was expelled. The Soviet army kept the estate under its own administration until July 1946. All the villagers were evicted . Later 200 villagers displaced from gasoline in the Federal Republic of Germany and 100 in the GDR were identified.

The village of Petrol was renamed Bięcino . The place is now part of the rural community Damnica in the powiat Słupski in the Pomeranian Voivodeship (1975-98 Slupsk Voivodeship ). 220 inhabitants live here.


Before 1945, all residents in Petrol were Protestant . The place belonged to the parish of Dammen (today Polish: Damno) in the parish of Stolp in the eastern district of the church province of Pomerania of the Church of the Old Prussian Union .

Since 1945 the population of Bięcino has been almost exclusively Catholic . The village now belongs to the parish Zagórzyca ( Sageritz ) in the deanery Główczyce ( Glowitz ) in the diocese of Pelplin of the Catholic Church in Poland . Protestant church members living here are assigned to the Kreuzkirche parish in Słupsk ( Stolp ) in the diocese of Pomerania-Greater Poland of the Evangelical-Augsburg Church in Poland .


In 1932, there was a three-stage elementary school with three classes, two teachers and 76 schoolchildren.

Personalities of the place


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Karl-Heinz Pagel : The district of Stolp in Pomerania . Lübeck 1989, p. 394 ( PDF location description gasoline )