Boetticher (noble family)
Boetticher is a scornful Thuringian noble family, which emerged from the old knight family of those von Wechsungen . The progenitor is Hermann Bötticher (1474–1561), councilor in Nordhausen and father of the Countess Hohnstein chancellor and reformer in Nordhausen, Peter von Boetticher , who was raised to imperial nobility by Emperor Maximilian II on October 24, 1563 in Pressburg .
In the documents of the Cistercian - Kloster Walkenried was first mentioned in 1204 by Werner Wechsungen. In the following two centuries, numerous members of this family are named, who were initially feudal people and castle men of the Counts of Klettenberg and those of Hohnstein. You can find them later in Groß-Werther (1307), to Auleben (1477), Sondershausen (1430), Heringen (1417/22), Voigtstedt and Wetteraue. In 1310, three members of the family, Henricus, Bertholdus and Fridericus, entered the patriciate of the city of Nordhausen as knightly men and from then on appointed members of the city council with their descendants. In 1401 the Nordhausen documents mention Hans Wechsung, who was named councilor in 1429, councilor in 1432 and warmaster in 1433, lived in Kranichgasse in 1436 and was married to a mayor's daughter Bötticher. His son Heinrich is referred to in the documents in 1453 as "Wechsung, different Bötticher" and his son Hermann used the name Bötticher alone. He married Elisabeth von Werthern and became the progenitor of nine different lines of the Bötticher and Boetticher family.
Different lines of the family
The direct successor to Chancellor Peter von Bötticher is the Older Nordhäuser Line , which is based in Bremen , near Stuttgart and Munich today, and the Younger Nordhäuser Line (progenitor: Andreas Bötticher, son of the Nordhausen mayor Jobst Böttichers, around 1550-1624). They carry the coat of arms of the ennoblement of 1563. The Brandenburg von Bötticher also come from this main line . After the Prussian Councilor Friedrich Heinrich Bötticher (1740–1805) had unsuccessfully asked Prussia between 1786 and 1796 for recognition of the ennoblement of 1563, his son Philipp Heinrich Leopold (1773–1830) was appointed major in the Guard on May 21, 1819. Dragoons regiment raised to the Prussian nobility and assigned the coat of arms of Peter von Boetticher in recognition of his descent. On November 27, 1882, the Prussian nobility was also recognized for the Prussian captain Wilhelm von Boetticher (1844–1927) by means of a heraldry rescript.
The Großwechselung line (progenitor was the brother of the chancellor, Hans Bötticher, † 1611) and the Frankenhausen line (progenitor: Jost Bötticher, † 1653) have now expired .
All of these lines were located in and around Nordhausen until the 19th century and provided councilors, mayors and merchants there, and later also high-ranking officers. Johann Otto Wilhelm Bötticher (born June 1, 1782) in Nordhausen, a merchant in Nordhausen, emigrated to America .
Known family members
- Jobst von Bötticher (around 1550–1624), Mayor of Nordhausen (1595, 1597, 1603)
- Johann von Bötticher (1662–1728), councilor, guild master and mayor of Nordhausen 1726–1728
- Karl Gottlieb Wilhelm (von) Bötticher (1806–1889), architect, art historian and archaeologist
- Karl Heinrich Boetticher (1833–1907), Prussian civil servant, vice chancellor, politician
- August Wilhelm Theodor von Bötticher (1845–1927), Prussian major general
- Christian Friedrich Traugott von Bötticher (1851–1931), Prussian lieutenant general
- Hermann von Boetticher (1887–1941), writer and dramaturge
The family of the former President of the Province of Prussia , Carl Wilhelm von Bötticher (1791–1868), who was ennobled by King Wilhelm I of Prussia in 1864 , also traces itself back to the Boetticher family in Nordhausen without being able to provide this genealogical evidence. They can be traced back to the forester Johann Boetticher, who lived around 1650 and worked in Friedeberg in the Neumarkt . The neighboring Schwedt / Oder belonged to the County of Hohnstein from 1481 to 1609, which makes a connection seem not unlikely.
The best-known representative of this branch is Karl Heinrich von Boetticher (1833–1907), Vice Chancellor of the German Empire , Vice President of the State Ministry , State Secretary for the Interior and pioneer of German social legislation .
The Courland Line
How the Kurländische Linie descends from the Nordhäuser von Bötticher family is not genealogically documented, as the church records were destroyed in the 30 Years War . The line is proven to come from the pastor Nikolaus Boetticher, born around 1650, who attended grammar school in Erfurt and studied theology before settling as a pastor in Kurland . First, in 1795, the royal Polish councilor Carl Friedrich Boetticher (1747–1815) was elevated to the imperial nobility by Emperor Franz II in Vienna , but died without heirs. The connection to the Nordhausen family was then established by the resolutions of the Heraldiedepartement of the Conducting Senate of the Russian Empire on September 29, 1842 and September 6, 1844, and the applicant descendants of Nikolaus were recognized as old aristocrats (aristocracy before 1695) and entered in the Russian noble family register. On August 22, 1863, the entry in the gender book of the non- enrolled nobility of the Courland governorate took place .
This Courland line belonged to the most influential families in the Baltic States, enfeoffed with considerable mansions, anchored in the patriciate of the city of Riga and entrusted with high offices in the service of the Russian tsars . Today the descendants live all over Germany, as well as with a strong branch in Canada.
Known family members
- Gustav von Boetticher (1782–1848), Russian general
- Alexander von Boetticher (1812–1893), German-Baltic engineer officer, builder of the new Riga port
- Theodor von Boetticher (1819–1901), German publicist, lawyer, Livonian State Councilor
- Friedrich von Boetticher (1826–1902), art historian
- Emil von Boetticher (1836–1907), German-Baltic politician and mayor of Riga
- Hans von Boetticher (1886–1958), German zoologist
- Dietrich von Boetticher (* 1942), German business lawyer
- Manfred von Boetticher (* 1947), German archivist and historian
- Annette von Boetticher (* 1955), German historian, author and editor
- Anna von Boetticher (* 1970), German freediver and 26-time German record holder
- Arne von Boetticher (* 1970), German social and legal scientist, dean of the social affairs department at the Ernst Abbe University of Jena .
The mother of the writer Werner Bergengruen , Helene von Boetticher (1863–1945), also comes from this family.
In 1854 Friedrich von Boetticher emigrated from Kurland to Saxony, where his son Walter was entered in the Saxon nobility register in 1904. The descendants now live in Germany, the USA, England and South Africa.
This Saxon branch of the Courland Line includes:
- Walter von Boetticher (1853–1945), German historian, genealogist and doctor
- Friedrich von Boetticher (1881–1967), German artillery general, military attaché in Washington, military writer
- Christian von Boetticher (* 1970), German politician, former state minister in Schleswig-Holstein
coat of arms
According to the documents of the Nordhausen city archives from the years 1370/75 and 1392 hanging seals, the knights of bills carried a shield with a crossbar; the shield helmet was decorated with two buffalo horns.
Emperor Maximilian II awarded Peter von Boetticher the following coat of arms in 1563: “In the red field in the middle a broad silver stripe in which a black greyhound with a red collar moves from the left to the right side, underneath it are two crossed laid silver arrows. The black greyhound grows out of the crowned tournament helmet in an upright position. “The coat of arms combines elements of the v. Werther's coat of arms on the mother's side and the Bötticher's mayor's coat of arms. The greyhound comes from the Werther coat of arms, the emerging arrows from the coat of arms of the Bötticher. The Prussian King Friedrich Wilhelm III. awarded the same coat of arms in recognition of the parentage on May 21, 1819 to Philipp Heinrich Leopold Bötticher (1773-1830).
The line, which is located in the Courland Governorate, has the following coat of arms: “In a blue shield on green ground a pelican with two boys; Crowned open helmet; Gem: Open flight, blue on the right, silver on the left; Cover blue and silver ”. The emblem is: "Quid non dilectis".
- Hans Hermann von Boetticher , Oskar Pusch : Peter Bötticher and his time: a chancellor life in the age of the Reformation: Chancellor of the county of Hohnstein a. Harz 1550–1566 and Prince Bishop. Halberstadt Chancellor 1567–1585. Research Center East Central Europe, 1975.
- Helmut von Boetticher: News about the von Boetticher family. Courland Line. 11th episode, Langenhagen 1995.
- Walter von Boetticher : The councilor Heinrich Carl Johann von Boetticher and his family. In: News about the von Boetticher family, Kurländische Linie. Second year 1892, printed by EM Monse, Bautzen 1892.
- Genealogical handbook of the nobility , noble houses. B Volume XV, 1984.
- Gothaisches Genealogisches Taschenbuch der Briefadeligen houses . , 1911 p.79ff Boetticher (1563)
- Ernst Heinrich Kneschke (ed.): New general German nobility lexicon . Volume 1, Voigt Leipzig 1859, p. 527f.
- Paul Anton de Legarde : News about some families with the name Boetticher. JF Starke, Berlin 1867.
- Hans Hermann von Boetticher, Oskar Pusch: Peter Bötticher and his time: a chancellor life in the age of the Reformation: Chancellor of the county of Hohnstein a. Harz 1550–1566 and Prince Bishop. Halberstadt Chancellor 1567–1585. Research Center East Central Europe, 1975, p. 77.
- Hans Hermann von Boetticher, Oskar Pusch: Peter Bötticher and his time: a chancellor life in the age of the Reformation: Chancellor of the county of Hohnstein a. Harz 1550–1566 and Prince Bishop. Halberstadt Chancellor 1567–1585. Research Center East Central Europe, 1975, p. 78.
- Ernst Heinrich Kneschke: New general German nobility lexicon
- Hans Hermann von Boetticher, Oskar Pusch: Peter Bötticher and his time: a chancellor life in the age of the Reformation: Chancellor of the county of Hohnstein a. Harz 1550–1566 and Prince Bishop. Halberstadt Chancellor 1567–1585. Research Center East Central Europe, 1975, p. 84.
- Paul Anton de Legarde, news of some families of the name Boetticher, Berlin 1867, p. 38
- News about the von Boetticher family, Kurländische Linie, 11th episode, Hanover 1995, p. 18.
- v. Bötticher Gothaisches Genealogisches Taschenbuch der Briefadeligen houses. 1908
- Boetticher family history Family tree Personalities Family association Publications Links Internal family Contact Guest book Family history - the coat of arms ( Memento from June 2, 2006 in the Internet Archive )