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Buildings at Hartlepool Historic Quay - geograph.org.uk - 318313.jpg
Coordinates 54 ° 41 ′  N , 1 ° 13 ′  W Coordinates: 54 ° 41 ′  N , 1 ° 13 ′  W
OS National Grid NZ508331
Hartlepool (England)
Residents 86,075 (as of: 2001)
ZIP code section TS24 - TS27
prefix 01429
Part of the country England
region North East England
Shire county Durham
District Hartlepool
British Parliament Hartlepool
Website: hartlepool.gov.uk

Hartlepool [ hɑːtlɪpuːl ] is a port city on the North Sea in the District Hartlepool in the Northeast of England , to ceremonial occasions County Durham heard. In 2011 it had a population of 86,075 and the Borough of Hartlepool 92,028.


Hartlepool belongs to the North East England region . It connects to the Teesside conurbation to the north , but is also often added to it. About 430,000 people live in the total area known as Teesside & Hartlepool Urban Area . The distance to London is about 400 kilometers.


Today's Hartlepool emerged from two places, Headland (also called Old Hartlepool) and the much younger West Hartlepool. Headland was settled in the 7th century after an Anglo-Saxon monastery was founded nearby in 640 , in which Hilda von Whitby first worked as a nun, from 649 also as abbess . This monastery was attacked by the Danes in 800 and completely destroyed. The oldest surviving building in Hartepool is today St. Hilda's Church, which was built in 1185.

For several centuries Hartlepool was a small fishing village with a natural harbor. In 1201 the residents of King John received the right to form a city council through a royal charter . In the following years Hartlepool became the most important seaport for the powerful bishops of Durham . The English crown also used the port to commandeer ships and seamen in their wars against Scotland . In the 13th century, defensive walls were built around the place to protect against marauding Scots, some of which can still be seen today. At Sandwell Gate, a gate built in the 14th century, the wall is more than eight feet thick.

Redcar and Cleveland Middlesbrough Borough of Stockton-on-Tees North Yorkshire Hartlepool Darlington County Durham City of Sunderland Nordsee Birmingham Coventry Metropolitan Borough of Solihull Wolverhampton Metropolitan Borough of Walsall Sandwell Metropolitan Borough of Dudley Kirklees City of Wakefield City of Leeds City of Bradford Calderdale North Tyneside South Tyneside City of Sunderland Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead Newcastle upon Tyne Metropolitan Borough of Wirral Liverpool Metropolitan Borough of Sefton Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley Metropolitan Borough of St Helens Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley Sheffield Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham Metropolitan Borough of Doncaster Metropolitan Borough of Wigan City of Salford Trafford Manchester Metropolitan Borough of Stockport Tameside Metropolitan Borough of Oldham Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale Metropolitan Borough of Bury Metropolitan Borough of Bolton Frankreich Irland Isle of Man Schottland Nordirland Wales Greater London Surrey Buckinghamshire Kent Essex Hertfordshire Suffolk Norfolk Lincolnshire Rutland Cambridgeshire East Sussex West Sussex Isle of Wight Hampshire Dorset Devon (England) Cornwall Bristol Somerset Wiltshire Gloucestershire Leicestershire Northamptonshire Oxfordshire Herefordshire Warwickshire Worcestershire West Midlands (Metropolitan County) Shropshire Staffordshire Nottinghamshire Derbyshire Cheshire Merseyside Greater Manchester South Yorkshire East Riding of Yorkshire West Yorkshire Lancashire North Yorkshire Cumbria Northumberland Tyne and Wear County Durham (Unitary Authority) Darlington Borough of Stockton-on-Tees Middlesbrough Redcar and Cleveland Hartlepool Blackburn with Darwen City of York Kingston upon Hull North East Lincolnshire Borough of Halton Borough of Warrington Cheshire West and Chester Stoke-on-Trent Telford and Wrekin Derby (Derbyshire) Nottingham Leicester City of Peterborough Borough of Swindon Southend-on-Sea Borough of Medway Thurrock Bedfordshire Borough of Milton Keynes Luton Central Bedfordshire North Somerset South Gloucestershire Bath and North East Somerset Plymouth Torbay Scilly-Inseln Poole Bournemouth Southampton Portsmouth Brighton and Hove Reading West Berkshire Wokingham Bracknell Forest Slough Windsor and Maidenhead
The UA Hartlepool in England

Until the 18th century, the port was one of the busiest on the east coast of England, but then it became increasingly less important. At the beginning of the 19th century, Hartlepool was best known as a resort for the wealthy.

That changed in the 1830s when a railroad was built to connect Hartlepool to the coal mines in South Durham Coalfield. The port facilities were expanded and the port became a transshipment point for coal and wood. In 1847 a second port facility, the West Hartlepool Dock Company , was put into operation in the southwest of the old Hartlepool . The newly created town of West Hartlepool grew very quickly and was soon larger than Old Hartlepool: In 1881 Headland had 12,361 inhabitants, West Hartlepool, however, around 28,000. During the First World War , more than 100 people died in the bombardment of Hartlepool by ships of the German Navy on December 16, 1914.

The Borough of Hartlepool used to be part of the traditional county of County Durham . In 1974 it became part of the newly formed county of Cleveland . After this was dissolved again in 1996, the Borough of Hartlepool as a Unitary Authority is an independent administrative unit that only belongs to County Durham for ceremonial occasions.

Legend of the hanged monkey

Hartlepool is known in England for the execution of a monkey, the only survivor of a French ship that ran aground off Hartlepool during the Napoleonic Wars . Because the inhabitants did not know what a Frenchman looked like, the monkey was accused of espionage and hanged. Because of this legend, Hartlepool United football club's mascot is a monkey named H'Angus the monkey . The costume was worn by Stuart Drummond , who became one of the UK's first directly elected Mayors in 2002 .


The Labor politician Peter Mandelson represented Hartlepool in the British House of Commons as a delegate from 1992 to 2004. The successor and current representative is his party colleague Iain Wright.

Town twinning

Hartlepool has twinned cities with

Culture and sights

The museum ship HMS Trincomalee is located in the historic part of the Hartlepool docks . The frigate is Britain's oldest floating ship.


Hartlepool United logo

The Hartlepool United football club is based in Hartlepool . For the 2007/08 season he rose to League One , the third highest division in English football. The club plays its home games in the 7,691-seat Victoria Park stadium .

The rugby union club West Hartlepool RFC rose for the 2008/09 season in what was then North 1 , the fifth-highest division. In the mid-1990s, the club was still playing in the Premiership , but had to file for bankruptcy and move the game to the lower class.

Economy and Infrastructure

Hartlepool has the active Hartlepool nuclear power plant with two reactor blocks .


Hartlepool is located on the A178, A179, A689, A1048, A1049 and A1086 A-roads . Five kilometers southwest of Hartlepool, the A689 crosses the A19 ( Newcastle - Doncaster ), which is similar to a motorway and runs past the city in a north-south direction.

Hartlepool train station

The city is on the Durham Coast Line , a railway line that runs from Middlesbrough to Newcastle. Northern Rail offers hourly train connections in both directions on it. Since December 2007, Grand Central Railway has operated a direct connection to London from Sunderland via Hartlepool, Eaglescliffe , Northallerton , Thirsk and York . Seaton Carew , located in the borough, also has a station on the route. The Hartlepool nuclear power plant is connected to the railway network via a freight branch.

Arriva operates several inner-city bus routes in Hartlepool and Stagecoach offers regional connections to Billingham , Stockton and Middlesbrough. Other bus routes run to Peterlee , Durham , Dalton Park , Sunderland and Newcastle.

The Durham Tees Valley Airport is 25 km away and Newcastle airport about 60 km from Hartlepool away.


sons and daughters of the town

Web links

Commons : Hartlepool  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. KS01 population
  2. Office for National Statistics: Area: Hartlepool (Local Authority) ( English ) Neighborhood Statistics. Archived from the original on July 29, 2014. Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Retrieved May 10, 2017. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk
  3. The sum results from estimates of the population of Teesside, Hartlepool, Yarm and Eaglescliffe.
  4. ^ FAZ.net (republication from December 16, 1914): The bombardment of the English east coast . Accordingly, The Times suspected that the projectiles should hit coastal batteries at the port entrance
  5. town twinning