Herbert Büchs (born November 20, 1913 in Beuthen , Silesia , † May 19, 1996 in Meckenheim ) was a German officer, most recently lieutenant general in the Bundeswehr. From 1967 to 1971 he was Deputy Inspector General of the Bundeswehr .
Büchs was born in 1913 as the son of a cigar seller. After graduating from high school in 1933 he studied economics at the University of Graz and the Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich from 1933 to 1935 . In April 1935 he joined the Wehrmacht Navy as an officer candidate and was trained at the Mürwik Naval School in Flensburg-Mürwik.
A little later he switched to the Air Force and completed his pilot training in Schleissheim from 1936 to 1938. From 1938 he was a pilot and squadron captain. With the beginning of the war he was used as an operations officer. He served at the front with Kampfgeschwader 77 on Ju 88 and was seriously wounded near Vilna in 1941 .
After several months of hospitalization, he completed general staff training at the Air War Academy in Berlin-Gatow. In 1942 he was used as a liaison officer of the Air Force to Army Group B in the staff of the Don Air Force Command. After that he was u. a. General staff officer in the 1st and 8th Air Corps . In 1943 he became a General Staff Officer with the Chief of the General Staff of the Air Force.
From November 1943 he was a General Staff Officer of the Air Force with the Chief of the Wehrmacht Command Staff (WFSt) and thus second adjutant to Colonel General Alfred Jodl . On July 20, 1944 , he was present in the barracks at the Fuehrer's headquarters in Wolfsschanze in East Prussia. He survived the Stauffenberg assassination with minor injuries. He was honored with the Wound Badge July 20, 1944.
In May 1945 he was taken prisoner by the United States , from which he was released in 1948. He testified as a witness in the Nuremberg trial of the major war criminals . The GDR later listed him in the Brown Book because of his general staff function .
In 1957 he joined the Bundeswehr . He was initially used from 1957 to 1961 as a teaching staff officer in air tactics and as a lecture hall manager (Luftwaffe) at the command academy of the Bundeswehr (FüAkBw) in Bad Ems and Hamburg. From 1961 he worked in the Federal Ministry of Defense (BMVg) in Bonn. In 1961/62 he was head of the "Management Basics, Operations Planning" division in the Air Force Command (Fü L II 1).
From 1962 to 1964 he was sub-department head "leadership" in Fü L II. In 1964 he switched to the command staff of the Bundeswehr (Fü B). From 1964 to 1970 he was Chief of Staff there (from 1967 Command Staff of the Armed Forces (Fü S)). In addition, he was Deputy Inspector General of the Bundeswehr from 1967 to 1971. In 1971 he was given leave of absence and in 1974 he retired as lieutenant general .
Economy and NATO
After the Second World War, he first worked as a commercial clerk and interpreter, later he became department head of an engineering office that was active in the Middle East. In 1950 he studied at the University of Political Science in Munich.
- Dermot Bradley , Heinz-Peter Würzenthal, Hansgeorg Model : The Generals and Admirals of the Bundeswehr, 1955–1999. The military careers (= Germany's generals and admirals . Part 6b). Volume 1: Adam - Fuhr . Biblio-Verlag, Osnabrück 1998, ISBN 3-7648-2492-1 , pp. 273-274.
- Henrik Eberle , Matthias Uhl (ed.): The book Hitler . NKVD secret dossier for Josef W. Stalin, compiled on the basis of the interrogation protocols of Hitler's personal adjutant, Otto G possibly, and the valet Heinz Linge, Moscow 1948/49 . Lübbe, Bergisch Gladbach 2005, ISBN 3-7857-2226-5 . (see biographies)
- Herbert Büchs , in Internationales Biographisches Archiv 41/1974 of September 30, 1974, in the Munzinger Archive ( beginning of article freely available)
- Knows everything . In: Der Spiegel , 15/1967, April 3, 1967, pp. 46–47.
- Peter Hoffmann : Resistance, coup d'état, assassination. The fight of the opposition against Hitler (= Piper . 418). 4th, newly revised and supplemented edition, new edition, Piper, Munich a. a. 1985, ISBN 3-492-00718-X , p. 493.
- Georg Meyer: Effects of July 20, 1944 on the internal structure of the Wehrmacht until the end of the war and on the soldier's self-image in the run-up to the West German defense contribution until 1950/51 . In: Thomas Vogel (Ed.): Uprising of conscience. Military resistance against Hitler and the Nazi regime 1933–1945 . Commissioned by the Military History Research Office, 5th completely revised and expanded edition, Mittler, Bonn 2000, ISBN 3-8132-0708-0 , pp. 297–329, here: p. 297.
- Norbert Podewin (Ed.): Braunbuch . War and Nazi criminals in the Federal Republic . 3rd edition, Staatsverlag der DDR, Berlin 1968, p. 509 f.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German officer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||November 20, 1913|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Bytom , Silesia|
|DATE OF DEATH||May 19, 1996|
|Place of death||Meckenheim , North Rhine-Westphalia|