Organization of African, Caribbean and Pacific States
|Organization of African, Caribbean and Pacific States
ACP countries / Pays ACP
|English name||Organization of African, Caribbean and Pacific States (OACPS)|
|French name||L'Organisation des États d'Afrique, des Caraïbes et du Pacifique (OEACP)|
|Organization type||Economic cooperation|
|Seat of the organs||Brussels|
The Organization of African, Caribbean and Pacific States , AKP for short ( English African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States for short OACPS ; French for L'Organisation des États d'Afrique, des Caraïbes et du Pacifique , for short OEACP ) is an international organization of currently 79 countries in Africa , the Caribbean and the Pacific - mostly former colonies of France and Great Britain . The founding document of the organization is the so-called Georgetown Agreement , which contains contractual agreements for mainly economic cooperation.
The main goals are the sustainable development of the member states, their integration into the world economy and the establishment of a "new, fair and just world order". From the beginning, the focus was on coordinating the economic ties between the member states and the European Union. Embedded in a series of agreements ( Lomé Conventions I to IV), the cooperation between the ACP group and the EU is the greatest example of (economic) "North-South cooperation".
In recent years the AKP Group has expanded its focus from the EU to the world community and implemented a number of measures within the World Trade Organization (WTO).
As part of its common trade policy , the EC concluded the Lomé Agreement with the ACP states, which is strongly motivated by development policy . The first agreement, which was later renewed several times, was signed in Lomé , Togo in 1975 . With it, the EU countries wanted to take their colonial past into account, among other things . The agreement is primarily based on a system of tariff preferences designed to facilitate these countries' access to the EU market. Funds were also made available to stabilize the prices of export goods from these countries. The successor to the Lomé Convention, which expired on February 29, 2000, is the Cotonou Convention .
The institutions of the AKP group are:
- Council of Ministers
- Committee of Ambassadors
- ACP Parliamentary Assembly
- Joint Parliamentary Assembly
- ACP-EU Council of Ministers
- ACP-EU Committee of Ambassadors
- Center for the Development of the Enterprise
- Technical Center for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation
- Mohamed Ibn Chambas , Ghana (2010-2015)
- John Kaputin , Papua New Guinea (2005–2010)
- Jean-Robert Goulongana , Gabon (2000-2005)
- Ng'andu Peter Magande , Zambia (1996–2000)
- Berhane Ghebray , Ethiopia (1990–1995)
- Edwin W. Carrington , Trinidad and Tobago (1985–1990)
- Thomas Okelo-Odongo , Kenya (1980–1985)
- Tiéoulé Konaté , Mali (1976–1980)
- Official website (English / French)
- Cooperation between the EU and ACP countries (English / French)
- Database of indexed literature on the social, political and economic situation in organizations in African, Caribbean and Pacific countries
- Article in the "tageszeitung" from October 26, 2007 on the negotiations between the ACP states and the EU on a new free trade agreement ( memento from April 23, 2008 in the Internet Archive )
- The Courier - The magazine for cooperation and relations between Africa, the Caribbean, the Pacific region and the European Union (Engl./Franz./spa./port.)