|Height :||167 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||17.3 km²|
|Residents :||1079 (Jun. 30, 2005)|
|Population density :||62 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||January 1, 2006|
|Postal code :||06295|
|Area code :||03475|
Location of Polleben in the Lutherstadt Eisleben
Polleben is located in the eastern district of Mansfeld-Südharz, around 7 km north of Lutherstadt Eisleben on the Mansfelder Platte in the Schlenze valley . This stream, which rises in the south of the village, flows northeast towards the Saale . Neighboring towns are: (starting clockwise and in the north) Helmsdorf , Bösenburg , Burgsdorf , Hedersleben , Oberrißdorf , Lutherstadt Eisleben, Volkstedt , Klostermansfeld , Hübitz and Augsdorf . To the north of Polleben lies the Sehringsberg, where archaeological finds have been handed down. To the north-west and south-west of Polleben there are three pointed cone heaps with an average height of over 100 meters, the so-called pyramids of the Mansfeld region .
The state road 151 crosses the town from the north (from Heiligenthal and Gerbstedt ) to the south (towards Eisleben ). The L 159 crosses Polleben from the east ( Burgsdorf and also Halle (Saale) ) to the west with a connection to the B 180 and B 242 near Siersleben .
On the northern edge of the village was the Polleben train station, which was built on the Halle – Hettstedt railway line . On March 11, 1968, passenger traffic on the Schochwitz - Heiligenthal section , where Polleben was located, was stopped. The track systems were mostly dismantled.
Polleben was first mentioned in 1150 as Panleve ( 1162 Ponleve ). It was a Halberstadt fiefdom held by the Counts of Mansfeld . The place came to the Electorate of Saxony in 1573 , to the Archdiocese of Magdeburg in 1579 and later to Prussia . A noble family of the same name from Polleben is proven in the place. In 1654 Adam von Pfuel bought the town of Polleben for fourteen thousand thalers and six thousand guilders. After his death he was buried in a crypt in St. Stephen's Church. The place remained in the possession of the von Pfuel family until 1803.
Polleben was a relatively large village as early as the Middle Ages. Before the Reformation it had four churches and at the beginning of the Thirty Years' War there were about 600 inhabitants. During this war, however, both Polleben and Rulsdorf, located in the south by the Schlenzequelle, were depopulated and devastated. Ruhlsdorf was not rebuilt.
As part of the federal election on September 18, 2005, a vote was taken in Polleben on incorporation into Lutherstadt Eisleben. 386 eligible voters voted for the incorporation. 272 citizens voted against the incorporation. Since January 1, 2006, Polleben has been part of Lutherstadt Eisleben as a district .
Culture and sights
- Steinmühle, the last operational watermill of 13 others in the Schlenzetal
- Tower of the older, crumbling St. Stephen's Church, the coat of arms of Polleben
- Post windmill on Hallescher Weg, the last of the three windmills to be preserved
- Newer St. Stephen's Church in the center of the village
- Memorial stone in the center of the village in memory of the KPD chairman Ernst Thälmann , who was murdered in Buchenwald concentration camp in 1944
The old Polleben churches
Polleben once had four churches, all of which were still intact around 1400. Today these have crumbled and partly also worn away. Today the newer St. Stephen's Church is the most important church in town.
Old St. Stephen Church
The old St. Stephen's Church was the oldest. The current ruin was left to decay from 1898. In addition to the carved altar and an ancient baptismal font, the art objects of the church have been destroyed by time, for example a monument to Major General Adam von Pfuel , who found his final resting place in a vault below the church. In 1902 a sale was stopped by the monument protection. In 1912 the roof of the tower was re-covered. In 1933 the old cemetery was described as devastated. The tombstones had been smashed and rubbish lay in the cemetery. Only a few remains of the wall of the late Gothic nave can be found today. However, the tower still stands with a roof.
The St. John's Church
The Sankt-Johannes-Kirche was the church of the lower village. It was still intact in 1400. She too had a cemetery where all those who lived north of the Danube, a trickle in the village, were buried. The pastor Christophorus Titius described the church in 1648 as "completely desert". In 1789, Pastor Ramdohr had the rubble that was once the church removed. Nowadays there is a meadow on the spot.
The middle St. Pankraz Church
Sankt Pankraz was in the middle of the village and was the chapel of the official court. The pastor Christophorus Titius also recognized and mentioned them in 1684 at the Amtshof. But he described it as "dreary". The tower with its old clockwork was still there. He also reported that after the clockwork after harvest time, the inhabitants of the lower village were directed to the big bell with great protest. The tower of Sankt Pankraz still stands next to an old distillery today.
Saint Bartholomew was the church of the middle village. It was on the site of today's rectory and was looked after by a pastor together with St. Pankraz. Most recently, it was used as a rectory in 1684. Today nothing can be seen of her.
To the east of Polleben there are four Enercon E-101 wind turbines (hub height: 135.4 m, total height: 185.9 m) and two TW 600 systems.
- Saxony-Anhalt viewer of the State Office for Surveying and Geoinformation ( notes )
- Kathrin Labitzke: Mansfeld-Südharz Polleber celebrate 850 years of existence. Published online at https://mz-web.de on September 3, 2012.
- Leopold von Ledebur: Adelslexikon der Prussischen Monarchy . Rauh, 1856, pp. 196-197.
- StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2006
- Descriptive representation of the older architectural and art monuments of the Province of Saxony, Mansfelder Seenkreis, by the Historical Commission for the Province of Saxony and the Duchy of Anhalt, Volume 19, Halle (Saale) 1895, pp. 315-320
- Oskar August: Contributions to the settlement geographic research of the villages Polleben, Volkstedt and Häbitz and their corridors in the Mansfeldischen, Naturwiss. F., Diss., Wittenberg 1945
- Erich Neuss : "Hikes through the County of Mansfeld"; Volume 2, Saalisches Mansfeld Fly Head Verlag, Halle (Saale), 1999
- Otto Oehring, Jochen Oehring and Manfred Oehring: Church books from Polleben 1601–1874. Copy of the manuscript. Leipzig: German Central Office for Genealogy 1997; 6654 families