Province of Kurhessen
|Situation in Prussia|
|surface||9,195.24 km² (1944)|
|Residents||approx. 900,000 (1930s, based on the territorial status of 1944/45)|
|Arose from||Hesse-Nassau Province|
|successor||Administrative district of Kassel, State of Hesse|
|Today part of||State of Hesse|
The Prussian province of Kurhessen , emerged from the former Prussian province of Hessen-Nassau, existed as a province of the Free State of Prussia (in the Union of the German Empire ) only from July 1944 to September 1945 .
With the “ Leader's Decree on the Formation of the Provinces of Kurhessen and Nassau” of April 1, 1944, the Prussian province of Hessen-Nassau was dissolved with effect from July 1, 1944 and its previous territory was transferred to the newly created Prussian provinces of Kurhessen and Nassau (see also: Province of Nassau ). At the same time, the district of Schmalkalden , which until then was an exclave of Hessen-Nassau in Thuringia, was connected to the Prussian administrative district of Erfurt . Karl Gerland , the incumbent NSDAP Gauleiter in the Gau Kurhessen , was appointed as head president of the new Prussian province of Kurhessen .
The newly created province of Kurhessen on July 1, 1944 consisted of the previous administrative district of Kassel minus the districts of Hanau, Gelnhausen and Schlüchtern, the then independent city of Hanau, which had to be ceded to the new province of Nassau, and the previously Kurhessian district of Schmalkalden became part of the Prussian Erfurt administrative district. The seat of the new high presidium was the previous regional council in Kassel, the previous regional president held the function of a deputy to the high president in 1944/45. On September 19, 1945, Kurhessen was combined with Nassau (excluding the western part around Montabaur), Upper Hesse and Starkenburg to form the new state of Greater Hesse (today's state of Hesse ) by decree of the US military government .
After the Second World War, the Prussian province of Kurhessen became the administrative district of Kassel, whose territory was congruent with the Prussian province of Kurhessen until 1974.
Districts in the province of Kurhessen 1944/45
- District of Eschwege
- Frankenberg district
- Fritzlar-Homberg district
- District of Fulda
- District of Hersfeld
- Hofgeismar district
- District of Hünfeld
- District of Kassel
- District of Marburg
- Melsungen district
- Rotenburg (Fulda) district
- Waldeck district
- Wolfhagen district
- Witzenhausen district
- Ziegenhain district