Rotenberg (mountain range)

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Rhumspringe with the Rotenberg and Harz Mountains in the background

Rhumspringe with the Rotenberg and Harz Mountains in the background

Highest peak Rotenberg ( 317.3  m above sea  level )
location District of Göttingen , Lower Saxony
Part of the main unit Eichsfeld Basin ,
Classification according to Handbook of the natural spatial structure of Germany
Rotenberg (Lower Saxony)
Coordinates 51 ° 37 ′  N , 10 ° 18 ′  E Coordinates: 51 ° 37 ′  N , 10 ° 18 ′  E
rock Red sandstone
Main source of the Rhume spring ; near Rhumspringe in the eastern part of the Rotenberg
Floating island , a sinkhole of the Rotenberg

The Rotenberg is up to 317.3  m above sea level. NHN high mountain range of the Lower Saxony mountains in the district of Göttingen in the southeast part of southern Lower Saxony ( Germany ).



The Rotenberg ridge, which is about 14 km long and up to 2 km wide, is oriented in a north-west-south-east direction and lies in the south-east of the Lower Saxony mountains. It is located in the southwestern Harz foreland between Wulften in the northwest, Hattorf am Harz and Pöhlde in the north, Silkerode in the east, Rhumspringe and Gieboldehausen in the south and Bilshausen in the west. A little further away are Osterode am Harz in the north, Herzberg am Harz in the northeast, Bad Lauterberg in the east, Duderstadt in the south, Göttingen in the southwest and Northeim in the northwest.

The Rotenberg is surrounded by these high and low mountain ranges : Harz in the north and a little further away are the Ohm Mountains in the southeast and the Göttingen Forest in the southwest.

The highest point of the Rotenberg is 317.3  m above sea level. NN the Rotenberg of the same name, which rises in its extreme southeastern part not far west of the state border with Thuringia . The ridge falls relatively steeply to the northeast to the Pöhlder basin and to the southwest to the Rhumetal relatively flat and with a more pronounced structure. Beyond the state border, the ridge merges in an easterly direction into the northern mountain landscape of the Eichsfeld or with the Silkeroder hill country in the southern foothills of the Harz Mountains.

The Rotenberg lies on the watershed between the Oder and Beber in the north and Rhume and Eller in the south, and is directly framed by the flowing waters . These rivers and the small brooks that arise in the ridge belong to the catchment area of the Leine, which runs a few kilometers to the west .

Natural allocation

The Rotenberg ridge belongs to the natural spatial main unit group of Lower Saxony Bergland (No. D36), in its part Weser-Leine-Bergland (37) and in the main unit Eichsfeld Basin ( Goldene Mark ; 374) to the natural area / subunit (The) Rotenberg / Rhumebergland (374.50 / 374.5). The landscape falls to the south-west into the sub-unit Rhume-Aue / Rhume - Eller -Aue (374.4) and leads to the south-east into the Silkeroder Hügelland (374.51). To the northeast it falls into the natural area of gravel fields of the Rhume, Oder and Sieber (376.23), which belongs to the subunit of the south-western Harz foreland in the narrower sense / Osterode-Herzberger Vorland (376.2).


The elevations in and near the Rotenberg ridge include:

  • Rotenberg ( 317.3  m ) - southeast of Pöhlde, near the border with Thuringia
  • Sliding half ( 290.2  m ) - southwest of Pöhlde
  • Heimkenberg ( 274.1  m ) - south of Hattorf
  • Kethanteichskopf (approx. 260  m ) - west of Pöhlde
  • Steinberg ( 254.6  m ) - south-southeast of Hattorf
  • Rollershauser Kopf ( 245.3  m ) - southwest of Hattorf
  • Hohe Warte ( 241  m ) - north of Wollershausen
  • Finnenkopf (approx. 238  m ) - southeast of Pöhlde
  • Bornberg ( 237.8  m ) - northeast of Rhumspringe
  • Spitzenröder Berg (approx. 239  m ) - east of Rhumspringe
  • Bilshausen head ( 236.3  m ) - east of Bilshausen
  • Mittelberg (approx. 236  m ) - northeast of Wollershausen
  • Thiershäuser Berg (approx. 215  m ) - north of Gieboldehausen

Flowing waters

The rivers in and on the Rotenberg ridge include:

  • Beber , rises south of Bad Lauterberg or the Harz Mountains , passes the Rotenberg in the north, southeastern tributary of the Oder
  • Eller , arises east of the Rotenberg, passes it in the south, southeast tributary of the Rhume
  • Hahle , rises near Worbis , heads from the south towards the Rotenberg, but first flows into the Rhume
  • Or , rises in the southwestern part of the Harz Mountains, passes the Rotenberg in the north, eastern tributary of the Rhume
  • Rhume , rises in the eastern part of the Rotenberg, passes it in the south, eastern tributary of the Leine


The villages on the Rotenberg ridge include:


The Rotenberg is an old border region with a medieval Landwehr to protect the Golden Mark , of which, however, there are no more visible signs. A trade route ran over its ridge with the Fastweg until the late Middle Ages.

Worth seeing

Excavated gate of the Pöhlde Wallburg on the Rotenberg

In addition to the partly wooded landscape of the Rotenberg, its sights include the Rhume spring (northeast of Rhumspringe) and the floating island sinkhole . In addition, the Wallburg Pöhlde is located on the Rotenberg a little south of Pöhlde as a former refugee castle , which, according to legend, is also known as King Heinrichs Vogelherd . The Fastweg , an army and trade route leading west from Central Germany , ran past the fortifications . Some barrows point to a prehistoric settlement. Several ponds , which among other things serve the fishing industry, loosen up the landscape.


The Rotenberg, which is only populated on its edges, is criss-crossed by several hiking trails on which the partly wooded landscape can be explored. Among other things, the Solling-Harz-Querweg , which begins in Hardegsen and ends at the source of the Rhume , runs on the ridge of the Rotenberg.

Transport links

The Rotenberg can be reached via the federal roads 247 , which touch the ridge in the northwest-south direction, 241 which passes it northwest, and 27 , which cuts through it in the southwest-northeast direction, branching off, mostly winding, and the forest area surrounding state and district roads that connect, for example, Wulften, Pöhlde and Rhumspringe and Bilshausen.

Individual evidence

  1. a b Map services of the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation ( information )
  2. On sheet 99 Göttingen (1963) 374.5 or the part on that sheet was shown as Rotenberg ; this is not in direct contradiction to sheet 100 Halberstadt (1970), which sees the border from Rotenberg (374.50) to the Silkeroder Hügelland (374.51) entirely on sheet 100 Halberstadt .
  3. Rhume-Aue (also 374.4): Name on sheet 99 Göttingen (1963);
    Rhume - Eller -Aue (374.4): Name on sheet 100 Halberstadt (1970)
  4. ^ Southwestern Harz foreland in the narrower sense (376.2): ​​Name on sheet 99 Göttingen (1963);
    Osterode-Herzberger Vorland (also 376.2) Name on sheet 100 Halberstadt (1970)
  5. ^ Jürgen Hövermann: Geographical land survey: The natural space units on sheet 99 Göttingen. Federal Institute for Regional Studies, Bad Godesberg 1963. →  Online map (PDF; 4.1 MB)
  6. Jürgen Spönemann: Geographical Land Survey: The natural spatial units on sheet 100 Halberstadt. Federal Institute for Regional Studies, Bad Godesberg 1970. →  Online map (PDF; 4.7 MB)
  7. Map with the Rotenberg region in the Lower Saxony navigator

Web links

Commons : Rotenberg  - collection of images, videos and audio files