Chess Olympiad 1924

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The 1924 Chess Olympiad was a chess tournament known as the Team Chess Championship, which took place in Paris from July 12 to 20, 1924 , and is one of the two previous tournaments - the other was the 1926 Chess Olympiad in Budapest - the official Chess Olympiad .


According to Arpád Földeák , at the congress of the English Chess Federation in London in 1922 Eugène Snosko-Borowski reported that the French Chess Federation would like to organize a chess competition during the Olympic Games in 1924 .

The organizer was not the World Chess Federation FIDE , which was officially formed in 1925, but unofficially on July 20, 1924 at the end of the tournament , but the French Chess Federation. The tournament director was the future world chess champion Alexander Alekhine .

Tournament schedule

The Hotel Majestic (later "Peninsula") was the venue for the tournament.

The players from different nations competed against each other in teams of up to four players in the style of a single tournament, which is why individual players from the same nation had to play against each other. However, only about half of the teams were able to offer four players, the others were represented by one to three players. Thus, the scores are only partially meaningful. Latvia in particular, with the two best individual players and fourth place in the consolation tournament, missed a top position due to the lack of a fourth player. Based on the relevant Olympic regulations, only amateur players were allowed, with the winner being determined as the amateur chess world champion.

The main tournament called the “consolation tournament” was organized in a predecessor of the Swiss system . The preliminary and final tournaments were played as round-robin tournaments . In the preliminary rounds of nine times six players it was determined who was allowed to take part in the final round, the other players got into the main tournament. For the team evaluation the points from both tournaments were taken into account. Since 55 players had come, the Dutchman Van Linschooten did without, so that groups of the same size could be put together.

Two hours for 40 trains and one hour for each additional 20 trains were available as a reflection time . There were 343 out of 347 games because another player withdrew during the main tournament.

Final score

# team player Points
01 Czechoslovakia 4th 31
02 Hungary 4th 30th
03 Switzerland 4th 29
04th Latvia 3 27.5
Argentina 4th 27.5
06th Italy 4th 26.5
07th France 4th 25.5
Poland 4th 25.5
09 Belgium 4th 24
10 Spain 3 19th
11 Netherlands 3 18.5
12 Romania 3 18th
13 Finland 2 15th
14th Great Britain 3 12.5
15th Ireland 1 05.5
16 Canada 1 05
17th Russia 2 04.5
18th Yugoslavia 1 02.5
# Single player nation Points
1 Hermanis Matisons Latvia 5.5
2 Fricis Apšenieks Latvia 5.0
3 Edgard Colle Belgium 4.5

9 finalists

this and that

  • Although the Soviet Union had existed since 1922 and replaced Russia , the players Peter Potemkine and Victor Kahn , who lived in France, were counted as part of Russia.
  • Among the participants was the later world chess champion Max Euwe . This finished 5th in the individual championship.
  • The participant Edith Holloway can be considered the first lady to have taken part in a Chess Olympiad, if the events that are considered unofficial are taken into account. The first lady at the official Olympics is Chantal Chaudé de Silans , who participated in 1950 .


  1. quoted in Mario Tal
  2. In the tournament report, lists five players, but the group tables show six players.


  • Mario Tal: brother kisses and tears of joy. A cultural history of the Chess Olympiads . PapyRossa Verlag, Cologne 2008, pp. 15–19 (“The 'Holidays of Chess' take their course - Paris 1924”) ISBN 978-3-89438-393-0 .

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