Chess Olympiad 2008
Overview and regulations of the "Reform Olympiad"
The patron of the Chess Olympiad 2008 was Federal President Horst Köhler , President of the Organizing Committee was Mayor Winfried Lehmann, Managing Director Jörn Verleger , Chairman and Tournament Director Dirk Jordan.
The Olympics brought a number of changes compared to the earlier tournaments, so there was talk of a “Reform Olympics”. Each team consisted of four players and one substitute player, previously two substitutes were allowed at the Olympics. 11 instead of the previous 13 or 14 rounds were held in the Swiss system . The draw mode has been changed in order to avoid excessive differences in skill levels in the first few rounds. The teams in the first half of the seeding list received two team points added up in the first two rounds, and it was only after the third round that the actual number of points was drawn. For the first time, the team points were used as the basis for the initial evaluation; in the event of a tie, the Olympiad-Sonneborn-Berger evaluation was used.
The players had to be present on the board at the official start of the round, otherwise the game was immediately counted as lost. This happened five times during the tournament. The rule is to apply to all tournaments in the future. Another new feature was that no draw could be agreed during the first 30 moves. The time to think about it was 90 minutes for 40 moves and 30 minutes for the rest of the game, plus 30 seconds per move.
A total of 1270 players (548 women and 722 men) from 141 countries started. They competed in 257 teams, of which 111 women and 146 open teams (also known as "men's teams", although women were allowed to be set up there). Of these, 318 were Grand Masters (253 GM and 65 WGM), 266 International Masters (176 IM and 90 WIM) and 175 FIDE Masters (91 FM and 86 WFM). Germany competed as the host with three teams each in the women's and open areas. One team each was provided by the International Braille Chess Association (IBCA, Blind Chess ), the International Committee of Silent Chess (ICSC) and the International Physically Disabled Chess Association (IPCA). The teams from Gabon, Madagascar and Montenegro made their debut.
The players of the German national team under the national coach Uwe Bönsch were Arkadij Naiditsch , Igor Khenkin , Jan Gustafsson , Daniel Fridman and David Baramidze in the open tournament as well as Elisabeth Pähtz , Ketino Kachiani-Gersinska , Marta Michna , Melanie Ohme and Sarah Hoolt in the women. Christopher Lutz was responsible for preparing the opening .
The German Chess Federation was able to have a second team participate as the host; Here so-called youth Olympic teams made up of talented young players were nominated: Georg Meier , Arik Braun , Falko Bindrich , Sebastian Bogner and Niclas Huschenbeth played as Germany 2 in the open tournament and Judith Fuchs , Maria Schöne , Hanna Marie Klek , Anna Endress and Manuela Mader in the tournament of the Women. In order to allow an even number of participants, a third German team could play. It consisted of Rainer Buhmann , Michael Prusikin , Alexander Naumann , Julian Jorczik and Andreas Heimann in the open tournament and Elena Winkelmann, Claudia Steinbacher , Franziska Beltz, Sandra Ulms and Filiz Osmanodja in the women.
In the open tournament, Germany 1 came in 13th, Germany 2 in 42nd and Germany 3 in 35th. In the women's category, Germany 1 came 21st, Germany 2 34th and Germany 3 47th. The best rating of all German athletes Georg Meier with 2779.
Results and balance sheet
In the open tournament, Armenia won the title - for the second time in its history after 2006. For the last round, President Serzh Sargsyan traveled to Dresden, who was also chairman of the local chess association. Second place went to Israel and third place to the USA .
Gold medals for the best board result went to the men Péter Lékó (Hungary, board 1), Wladimir Hakobjan (Armenia, board 2), Gabriel Sarkissjan (Armenia, board 3), Dragiša Blagojević (Montenegro, board 4) and Dmitri Jakowenko (Russia, Board 5). For the women, the board prizes went to Maia Tschiburdanidze (Georgia, board 1), Anna Zatonskih (USA, board 2), Nadeschda Kossinzewa (Russia, board 3), Joanna Majdan (Poland, board 4) and Natalia Zdebskaja (Ukraine, board 5 ).
The costs for the Chess Olympiad amounted to around four million euros, of which 2.34 million euros were covered by sponsorship money. More than 60,000 euros were raised through the sale of over 13,000 spectator tickets. The Dresden hotel owners registered almost 26,000 overnight stays at the Olympics.
- On March 13, 2008, a surcharge was issued from the annual series of stamps “For Sport” with the motif of a chess position in Germany as a tribute to this Chess Olympiad.
- For the fifth time the Chess Olympiad took place in Hamburg in 1930 , Munich in 1958 , Leipzig in 1960 and Siegen in 1970 in Germany . In October 2004, the city of Dresden prevailed over other competitors in a FIDE competition as the venue.
- The Taiwanese Ho Meng Wei with a current rating of 1550 (as of October 2008) was the youngest participant in the Chess Olympiad at the age of 7 years, 11 months and 12 days, but lost each of his seven games.
- A total of 5485 games were played at the Chess Olympiad: 3095 (+1220, = 865, -1010) in the open section and 2390 (+1031, = 506, -853) in the women.
- Harald Fietz, Josip Asik, Anna Burtasova : Olympiad united! Dresden 2008 . Verlag Schach Wissen, Berlin 2009. ISBN 978-3-9813348-0-7
- Dagobert Kohlmeyer : Chess Olympiad Dresden 2008 . Jugendschachverlag, Dresden 2008. ISBN 978-3-00-024594-7
- Olympiad website of the German Chess Federation
- Olympiad website of the city of Dresden (identical to the original website dresden2008.de , which was switched off at the end of 2009)
- The 38th Chess Olympiad, November 2008 in Dresden on TeleSchach
- Claudia Schade: Major event brings Dresden almost 26,000 hotel nights . In: Sächsische Zeitung , November 26, 2008
- Armenia defies all handicaps , Stefan Löffler. In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung , November 25, 2008
- FIDE decides on important changes to the rules for the Chess Olympiad , report at dresden2008.de , June 4, 2008.
- dresden2008.de: FIDE decides on important rule changes for the Chess Olympiad . June 4, 2008
- Chess Olympiad 2008 - Progress table of women on TeleSchach