|Aronjan 2012 in Istanbul
Armenia (until 2003 and since 2004) Germany (2003 to 2004)
|Born||October 6, 1982
Yerevan , Armenian SSR , Soviet Union
International Master (1997)
Grand Master (2000)
|Current Elo rating||2773 (August 2020)|
|Best Elo rating||2830 (March 2014)|
|Tab at the FIDE (English)|
Levon Aronian , even Levon Aronian, English transcription and FIDE designation Levon Aronian ( Armenian Լեւոն Արոնյան * 6. October 1982 as Lew Aronow in Yerevan , Armenian SSR , Soviet Union ) is an Armenian chess grandmaster in the world top. He is a former world champion in rapid chess and former world champion in blitz chess . From October 4, 2003 to May 14, 2004 he was a member of the German Chess Federation .
Aronjan's father was a Belarusian physicist (specializing in laser technology), and his mother was a specialist in explosives. He started playing chess when he was about nine years old. For a short time Lyudmila Finarewa was his trainer in a pioneer house , after which Melikset Khachiyan took over this task . In the summer of 1992 he took part in the U10 world championship in Duisburg under the name of his father Aronow . In 1994 he was U12 youth world champion in Szeged , ahead of the later world class players Étienne Bacrot , Ruslan Ponomarjow , Francisco Vallejo Pons and Alexander Grishchuk , and was then awarded the title of FIDE champion by FIDE . One year later he won the U14 youth speed chess championship in Paris , where he finished third in the U12 in 1994. In 1996 he received the title of International Master . In 1997 Aronjan won the Kasparov Cup , an important young championship tournament, in Moscow . The next year he won the European Youth Championship U20 in Yerevan. In 1999 he won the Armenian Championship in Yerevan and was a member of the Armenian national team, which won the European Team Championship in Batumi . In May 2000, FIDE awarded him the title of Grand Master .
In 2002 Aronjan became Junior World Champion U20 in Panaji ( Goa ). In 2003 he won the Chess960 open in Mainz . Aronjan, who meanwhile lived in Germany, won the German Internet Championship in 2004 . At the FIDE World Championships in Tripoli in the same year he was eliminated after successes against Magnus Carlsen and Qədir Hüseynov in the third round against Pawel Smirnow . In 2005 he won the Gibraltar Open , together with Hikaru Nakamura and Boris Awruch , and a very strong tournament in Stepanakert ( Nagorno-Karabakh ), ahead of Hikaru Nakamura and Wassyl Iwantschuk , among others . At the European Championships in Warsaw in 2005, he won bronze after play-offs. At the end of the year Aronjan won the FIDE World Cup in Khanty-Mansiysk , which was played in the knockout system ; he defeated in the final the Ukrainian Ruslan Ponomarjow 2-0 in rapid chess play (1: 1 after tournament games).
In 2006 he achieved the most significant (individual) success of his career to date: He won the traditional Linares tournament (half of which was held in Morelia for the first time ) ahead of Wesselin Topalow and Teymur Rəcəbov , after defeating Péter Lékó in the last round . In addition, he became world champion in Chess960 at the Chess Classic in Mainz in August 2006 with his 5-3 win against Peter Swidler .
In June 2006 he won the gold medal with the Armenian national team at the Chess Olympiad in Turin.
In January 2007 Aronjan won the Grandmaster tournament in Wijk aan Zee together with Wesselin Topalow and Teymur Radjabov tied on points . His victory over Viswanathan Anand in the Morelia / Linares tournament was voted the best game of 2007.
In May 2007 he defeated the world champion Vladimir Kramnik in a rapid chess competition in Yerevan with 4: 2 (3 wins, 1 loss, 2 draws ). In August 2007 he defended his Chess960 world title in the Mainz Chess Classic against Viswanathan Anand in a lightning playoff.
With his success at the 2005 World Chess Cup , Aronjan also qualified for the World Championship Candidates Tournament (2007), which was reintroduced by FIDE , where four World Cup participants were determined through duels in the knockout system among 16 players. In the first round Aronjan defeated the Norwegian chess talent Magnus Carlsen after a play-off (+2 = 2 −2, play-off: 4: 2), in the second round he defeated Alexei Schirow (+1 = 5 −0) and thus qualified for the 2007 World Cup tournament in Mexico, where he finally did not get beyond the penultimate place.
Together with Carlsen, Aronjan won the Corus tournament in Wijk aan Zee in January 2008 , among 14 participants with an Elo average of 2742 (category 20), both scored 8 points from 13 games. In March he won the Melody Amber tournament in Nice, where he dominated the field in rapid chess by 2.5 points and also came first in the blind chess classification. In August 2008 he won the second event of the FIDE Grand Prix 2008–2010 in Sochi , a category 19 tournament, among 14 participants . In 13 games he scored 8.5 points. After he won the fourth tournament of the series in Nalchik in April 2009 (8.5 points from 13 games) and in August 2009 finished second at the fifth tournament in Jermuk with 8 points from 13 games, he secured the overall victory early. In November 2008 he won the gold medal with the Armenian team at the Chess Olympiad in Dresden . On the top board he scored 5.5 points from ten games (+2 = 7 -1).
In March 2009 he again won the overall ranking at the Melody Amber tournament. At the Chess Classic in Mainz in August 2009 he won the Grenkeleasing World Championship in rapid chess , but lost his Chess960 World Championship to Hikaru Nakamura . He won the Grand Slam final in Bilbao in September 2009 with 4.5 points from six games, he was a substitute for Wesselin Topalow. In November 2010 he won the world championship blitz chess in Moscow. At the 2011 Candidates Tournament , Aronjan was eliminated somewhat surprisingly in the first round with 1.5-2.5 against Alexander Grishchuk. In July 2011 he played for Armenia on the top board at the World Team Championship and contributed to winning the title with his result of 5 points from eight games. In January 2012 he won the Tata Steel chess tournament in Wijk aan Zee with 9 points from 13 games (+7 = 4 −2). In January 2014 he won this tournament again, with 8 points from 11 games (+6 = 4 −1). In September 2015 Aronian won the Sinquefield Cup in St. Louis with 6 points from 9 rounds . In April 2017 he won the Grenke Chess Classic ahead of Fabiano Caruana and world champion Magnus Carlsen. Only two months later he also won the Altibox Norway Chess tournament with 6/9 points ahead of Hikaru Nakamura and Wladimir Borissowitsch Kramnik .
In August 2017 he finished fourth at the Sinquefield Cup in St. Louis and won the subsequent Saint Louis Rapid & Blitz with a victory in rapid chess and a second place in blitz chess . In September 2017 Aronian won the World Cup , which is played in the knockout system , in Tbilisi . After defeating the South African Daniel Cawery, the Chinese Hou Yifan , the Russian Maxim Matlakov , his compatriot Daniil Dubow , the Ukrainian Vassyl Ivanchuk and the French Maxime Vachier-Lagrave in the previous rounds , he sat down against the Chinese Ding in the final Liren through in the tie-break . With his victory at the World Cup, Aronian is already qualified for the 2018 candidate tournament , in which the next challenger will be determined by world champion Magnus Carlsen . In 2018 he won the Tradewise Gibraltar Masters after victories in play-offs over Richard Rapport and Maxime Vachier-Lagrave.
With his best Elo number in local chess of 2830 in March 2014, Aronjan took second place in the FIDE world rankings. He is number 5 in the Chess960 world rankings (as of July 4, 2011) with a WNCA-IPS ( Individual Player Strength of the World New Chess Association ) of 2779.
Aronjan took part for the first time in 1996 on the second reserve board of Armenia's B team in a chess Olympiad (as the host, Armenia was allowed to participate with two teams at the time). Since 2004 he has participated with the Armenian team at all Chess Olympiads and won it in 2006 in Turin , 2008 in Dresden and in 2012 in Istanbul , also where he won the best Elo performance on top board 2012th In 2004 he reached third place with the team, in 2010 he achieved the second best result on the first board.
In addition, Aronjan took part in the team world championships in 2005, 2010, 2011, 2013 and 2015 as well as in the team European championships in 1999, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011 , 2013 and 2015. With the team he won the 2011 team world championship and the 1999 European team championship, came second at the 2007 and 2015 European championships and third at the 2005 and 2015 world championships. In the individual ranking, he won the 2013 and 2015 World Championships on the top board, achieved the second-best result on the top board at the 2005, 2010 and 2011 World Championships as well as the 2011 and 2015 European Championships, also on the first board, and the third-best result on the top board at the 2013 European team .
From 2000 to 2004 Aronjan played in the German Chess League at SV Wattenscheid , from 2004 to 2008 for SC Kreuzberg . For the 2011/12 season he was signed by Schachfreunde Berlin . He only played on board 2 because his student Hrant Melkumjan was supposed to gain experience on board 1 against the strongest possible opponents. He got 2.5 points from three games. He has been registered with OSG Baden-Baden since the 2012/13 season and became German team champion in 2013, 2014 , 2015 , 2017 , 2018 and 2019 . Aronjan won the Dutch master class in 2005 with ZZICT / De Variant Breda , in France he played in the 2003/04 season with Mulhouse Philidor and in the 2004/05 season with Echiquier Nanceien . In Russia he played at Tomsk-400 , with which he won both the Russian team championship and the European Club Cup in 2005, and at Siberia Novosibirsk , with whom he repeated these successes in 2015, in Armenia for MIKA Yerevan , with whom he won three European Club Cup participated. In the Spanish team championship Aronjan played in 2005 and 2006 for the team of CA Linex-Magic Mérida , with which he became champions in 2006 .
Aronjan jokingly describes himself as a “cheap tactician ” and says that he primarily strives for “crooked”, unclear positions. He also described his preparation for the opening as a weakness. Generally he is considered very strong in the endgame . “I'm from the Caucasus, so I'm an emotional person. That's why I'm successful in rapid and blitz chess - react quickly, play with the heart, don't submit to logic, ”he says in an interview with journalist Tigran Petrosyan .
As white he plays closed openings (both over 1. d4 and with 1. c4); with Black he replies to 1. e4 with e5 (mostly with a transition to the closed Spaniard ). Against closed openings, he plays a large number of different systems with Black such as rejected Queen's Gambit , Slavic , Queen's Indian and Nimzo-Indian .
Aronjan's style can be seen in the "Game of the Year 2007", in which he defeated the then world champion Anand.
In the following game Aronjan won with the white pieces against Caruana at the Sinquefield Cup in St. Louis 2015.
- Aronjan – Caruana 1-0
- St. Louis, August 23, 2015
- Queen's Gambit declined , D37
- 1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 e6 3. Nf3 d5 4. Nc3 Be7 5. Bf4 0–0 6. e3 Nbd7 7. c5 Ne4 8. Rc1 Nxc3 9. Rxc3 b6 10. c6 Nf6 11. a3 a5 12. Bd3 Ne4 13. Rc2 f6 14. De2 Bd6 15. 0–0 g5 16. Bxd6 Nxd6 17. Re1 a4 18. Nd2 e5 19. e4 f5 20. f3 dxe4 21. fxe4 Ra5 22. exf5 Nxf5 23. Bc4 + Kg7 24. d5 Re8 25.Ne4 Nd4 26.Qh5 Nxc2 27.Nxg5 Bf5 28.Rf1 Qf6 29.Ne6 + Rxe6 30.Rxf5 Qg6 31.dxe6 Qxh5 32.Rxh5 Nd4 33. e7 Ra8 34.Rxe5 Re8 35.Re4 Nf5 36. Be6 Nd6 37. Bd7 Nxe4 38.Bxe8 Kf6 39.Bg6 1: 0
Levon Aronian is represented with an endgame study in the FIDE album 2013–2015, for which he received 0.55 points towards a composition title.
From September 30, 2017 until her death on March 30, 2020, as a result of a road traffic accident on March 14, 2020, he was married to Arianne Caoili .
- Interview from December 8, 2016 in the daily newspaper
- Portrait of October 22, 2005 in Der Tagesspiegel
- Interview at ChessCafe, 2005 ( Memento from March 27, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF, English; 275 kB)
- Playable chess games by Levon Aronjan on chessgames.com (English)
- ↑ Левон Аронян: Хората трябва да живеят на земята на своите бащи ( Memento from September 7, 2013 in the archive.today web archive ), Monitor, June 2, 2008 (Bulgarian)
- ↑ Seda Aronowa: Levon Aronian. In: Literaturnaja Armenija. No. 3, 2012, p. 119. (Russian)
- ↑ Lewona wstretschali s opaskoi, ne ponimaja, otkuda on pojawilsja ... ( Memento from December 5, 2012 in the Internet Archive ), Novoje Wremja (Russian)
- ↑ European U20 Championship in Armenia on TeleChess
- ↑ 64 . No. 6, 2000, p. 3. (Russian)
- ↑ Aronian vs. Anand for replay on chessgames.com (English)
- ↑ MEN'S CHESS OLYMPIADS - Aronian, Levon (Armenia) on Olimpbase (English)
- ↑ Final result of the 2015 Sinquefield Cup on grandchesstour.com (English)
- ↑ Sinquefield Cup 2017. http://grandchesstour.org/ , accessed August 22, 2017 .
- ↑ Saint Louis Rapid & Blitz. grandchesstour.org, accessed August 22, 2017 .
- ↑ Mark Crowther: Saint Louis Rapid & Blitz 2017. The Week in Chess , August 19, 2017, accessed August 22, 2017 .
- ↑ Levon Aronian wins the World Cup . In: Chess News . September 27, 2017 ( chessbase.com [accessed October 7, 2017]).
- ↑ FIDE World Cup | 2017. Retrieved October 7, 2017 .
- ^ Lewon Aronjan wins the Chess World Cup. Retrieved October 7, 2017 (Austrian German).
- ^ Aronian and Cramling triumph in Gibraltar. Retrieved February 5, 2018 .
- ↑ World Chess Federation: Top 100 Players March 2014 (accessed March 5, 2014)
- ↑ WNCA world rankings
- ↑ Numbers according to FIDE Elo lists. Data sources: fide.com (period since 2001), olimpbase.org (period 1971 to 2001)
- ↑ Wojciech Bartelski: OlimpBase :: 32nd Chess Olympiad, Yerevan 1996, information. Retrieved October 7, 2017 .
- ↑ Lewon Aronjan's results at the Chess Olympiads on olimpbase.org (English)
- ↑ Lewon Aronjan's results at team world championships on olimpbase.org (English)
- ↑ Lewon Aronjan's results at European Team Championships on olimpbase.org (English)
- ^ Rainer Polzin : Aronian on board 2 on the website of the Schachfreunde Berlin, June 30, 2011.
- ↑ a b Levon Aronjan's results at Russian team championships on olimpbase.org (English)
- ↑ a b c Lewon Aronjan's results at European Club Cups on olimpbase.org (English)
- ↑ Interview ( Memento of March 27, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 282 kB)
- ↑ Tigran Petrosyan: Multiple world chess champion Aronjan: "I work on myself, alone" . In: the daily newspaper . ( taz.de [accessed December 12, 2016]).
- ↑ Aronian-Anand 2007 for replay on chessgames.com (English)
- ↑ FIDE ALBUM 2013–2015 Results in section D - Endgame studies . June 7, 2017. Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- ^ Armenian chess grandmaster Levon Aronian's wife Arianne Caoili dies. Accessed March 30, 2020 (English).
- ↑ Горько. Президент Армении благословил Левона Ароняна и его избранницу (ФОТО, ВИДЕО) on chess-news.ru, September 30, 2017 (Russian)
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Aronjan, Levon; Aronian, Levon; Aronow, Lew (maiden name); Լևոն Արոնյան (hyS)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Armenian chess grandmaster of the world class|
|DATE OF BIRTH||October 6, 1982|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Yerevan , Armenian SSR , Soviet Union|