Verbandsgemeinden in Saxony-Anhalt are regional authorities based on the model of the Verbandsgemeinden in Rhineland-Palatinate . These are municipal associations of several independent municipalities that form a new regional body, the Verbandsgemeinde, to handle their administrative business.
Structure and tasks
Association municipalities can have between three and eight member municipalities with a total of at least 10,000 inhabitants as of December 31, 2005. Exceptions are possible if the area is in a sparsely populated region, i.e. in a district with a population density that is a third below the average of all districts, or in a geographical peripheral location. They must not be in the area surrounding the regional centers of Halle (Saale) , Magdeburg and Dessau-Roßlau , only unified municipalities are permitted here. In addition, a maximum of 40% of the inhabitants of the association may belong to the central location of an association.
According to the Association of Municipalities Act of Saxony-Anhalt, the municipalities are assigned the following tasks:
- Land use planning
- Sponsorship of general education schools
- Establishment and maintenance of social facilities (if they are used across communities)
- Construction and maintenance of sports and leisure facilities (if they are used across communities)
- Construction and maintenance of local roads that connect places together
- Water supply and sanitation
- Arbitration tasks
- fire Department
In other federal states there are similar institutions to the association communities with different names (e.g. integrated community or administrative community ) and in some cases also with different tasks.
The association municipalities were newly created as part of the municipal area reform through the law on the association municipality in Saxony-Anhalt of February 14, 2008. In their function, they replace the previous administrative communities , provided these do not merge into a single municipality . The first association community in Saxony-Anhalt was the association community An der Finne, founded on July 1, 2009 . On January 1, 2010, the other 17 municipalities followed.
In Saxony-Anhalt there are 18 association communities, which are spread across all districts except the districts of Anhalt-Bitterfeld , Jerichower Land and Wittenberg . 20 cities and 94 municipalities have come together in them.
- § 89 - § 97 Part 6 - Association municipalities in the municipal constitution law of the state of Saxony-Anhalt