Location of Zuozhen in Tainan
|State :||Republic of China (Taiwan)|
|Area :||74.9025 km²|
|Residents :||4,767 (Feb. 2019)|
|Population density :||64 inhabitants per km²|
|Time zone :||UTC + 8 (Chungyuan time)|
|Telephone code :||(+886) (0) 6|
|Postal code :||713|
|ISO 3166-2 :||TW-TNN|
|Community type :||Municipality of Tainan|
|Structure :||10 districts ( 里 , Lǐ )|
Location and description
Zuozhen is located in the southeast corner of the metropolitan area of Tainan. The district is roughly in the shape of a square with an edge length of approximately 14 × 5.3 kilometers. The terrain is very hilly and has numerous so-called badlands . The erosion has shaped the landscape with steep mountain slopes, deep valleys, cliffs and meandering waters. The highest point is the altitude 308 (308 高地 ) near the border with the urban area of Kaohsiung , which is named after its height above sea level. The neighboring districts in Tainan are Longqi and Xinhua in the west, Shanshang in the north, and Yujing and Nanhua in the east. To the south, Zuozhen borders the urban area of Kaohsiung ( Neimen district ).
Historically, Zuozhen is particularly interesting because of the prehistoric and paleontological finds. In 1931, a local resident discovered a fossil in the bed of the small river Ts'ai liao ( 菜 寮 溪 , Cài liáo Xī ), which was later sent to Ichirō Hayasaka , professor of paleontology at the then Imperial University of Taihoku (now the Taiwan National University in Taipei ) and identified as an elephant tooth. The area was found to be rich in fossils and several scientific expeditions were undertaken to explore it. Among other things, the remains of a Taiwanese alligator Tomistoma taiwanicus were found in 1936 , and in 1971 a 40 percent intact prehistoric rhinoceros, which was named in honor of Hayasaka's Rhinoceros sinensis hayasakai . The age of these rhino fossils has been estimated to be 450,000 to 900,000 years.
In 1971, the first prehistoric human finds in Taiwan were made in the Ts'ai liao river bed . There were several skull fragments and molars that were dated to an age of 20,000 to 30,000 years. The Stone Age human type found here was later called the Zuozhen human .
In later, historical times, the area of Zuozhen was settled by members of Austronesian tribes. During the reign of Zheng Chenggong , an influx of Han Chinese settlers began, who over time made up the majority of the population. However, the settlement density remained low at all times due to the remoteness and the poorly productive soils. At the time of Japanese rule (1895-1945) there was a major administrative reorganization of Taiwan in November 1920 and the Zuozhen area was organized as the village of Zuozhen ( 左 鎮 庄 ) in Xinhua County ( 新化 郡 ) in Tainan Prefecture . After the Republic of China took over Taiwan in 1945, Zuozhen became a rural community ( 鄉 , Xiāng ) in the newly formed Tainan County . With the dissolution of the district on December 25, 2010 and annexation to the city of Tainan, Zuozhen became a municipality ( 區 , Qū ) of Tainan.
Zuozhen is comparatively sparsely populated. In terms of population, the district with just under 4,900 inhabitants was second to last among the 37 districts of Tainan. Members of indigenous peoples make up only a small minority (approx. 0.3%). The population has been decreasing for a long time.
|Outline of Zuozhen|
Zuozhen is divided into 10 districts ( 里 , Lǐ ).
1 Guanghe ( 光和 里 )
2 Ronghe ( 榮 和 里 )
3 Zhongzheng ( 中正 里 )
4 Muguang ( 睦 光 里 )
5 Neizhuang ( 內 庄里 )
6 Zuozhen ( 左 鎮里 )
7 Chengshan ( 澄 山里 )
8 Ganglin ( 岡林里 )
9 Erliao ( 二寮 里 )
10 Caoshan ( 草山 里 )
The only supraregional larger roads are the provincial road 20 ("Nanheng-Landstrasse", "Südliche Inselquerstraße", 南 橫 公路 , Nánhéng Gōnglù - "Southern Landstrasse horizontal", Southern Cross-Island Highway ) and the provincial road 20B (20 乙 ; “Nanzuo Highway”; 南 左 公路 , Nánzuǒ Gōnglù - “Southern Highway on the left”). The former runs in a larger loop through the northern section of Zuozhen, the latter only has a short course of about 2.5 km in Zuozhen.
The economic structure is shaped by agriculture. Due to the nutrient-poor soils, high yields cannot be achieved and the potential is seen primarily in the production of special products and organic farming. The main crops are rice , sugar cane and bamboo shoots .
The Tsai Liao Fossil Museum ( 菜 寮 化石 館 , Cài liáo huàshí guǎn ) is located in the district of Ronghe, near Provincial Road 20 . The Karma Kagyu Temple ( 噶瑪 噶 居 寺 , Gámǎ Gájū Sì ) in the district of Zuozhen, built in 1985–1988, is a Tibetan Buddhist temple of the Kagyu direction and the largest of its kind in Taiwan. From the sun observation pavilion ( 觀 日 亭 , Guān Rì Tíng ) in the Erliao district, you can watch sunrises and sunsets. Impressive views of extensive badlands are also possible from height 308 (308 高地 , ) in the district of Caoshan .
- Environment. Zuozhen District website, accessed April 13, 2019 .
- 自然環境 ("Natural Environment"). Zuozhen District website, accessed April 13, 2019 (Traditional Chinese).
- Caoshan Moon World. Republic of China (Taiwan) Tourism Office, 2016, accessed April 13, 2019 .
- Tsai Liao Fossil Museum of Tainan City. (pdf) Retrieved April 13, 2019 (English).
- Zuozhen Man skull. Permanent exhibition at the National Museum of the History of Taiwan in the Annan District of Tainan, accessed April 13, 2019 .
- John W. Olsen, Sari Miller-Antonio: The Palaeolithic in Southern China . In: Asian Perspectives . tape 31 , no. 2 . University of Hawaii Press, 1992 (English, pdf ).
- 地方 沿革 ("Local History"). Zuozhen's website, accessed April 13, 2019 (Traditional Chinese).
- 原住民 戶數 及 人數 Households and Persons of Indigenous People. (xls) Taiwan Ministry of the Interior, accessed May 5, 2018 (Chinese, English).
- 左 鎮區 村里 鄰 人口 數 ("Population by districts in Zuozhen district"). Zuozhen's website, accessed April 13, 2019 (Traditional Chinese).
- 臺南市 里 鄰 編組 及 調整 情形 一覽表 ("List of Adjustments to Neighborhoods in Tainan City"). Retrieved September 30, 2019 (Chinese (Traditional)).
- Map of the districts. Zuozhen's website, accessed April 13, 2019 (Traditional Chinese).
- 產業 概況 ("Economic Overview"). Zuozhen's website, accessed April 13, 2019 (Traditional Chinese).
- 左 鎮 統計 年報 (“Statistical Yearbook of Zuozhen”). Zuozhen's website, accessed April 13, 2019 (Traditional Chinese).
- 菜 寮 化石 館 (Tsai-liao Fossil Museum). Retrieved April 13, 2019 (Chinese (Traditional)).
- 噶瑪 噶 居 寺 ("Karma Kagyu Temple"). Temple website, accessed April 13, 2019 (Traditional Chinese).
- Hill 308 (308 高地). twtainan.net, February 26, 2019, accessed April 13, 2019 (Chinese (traditional)).